Meaning of STROKE in English

STROKE

/ strəʊk; NAmE stroʊk/ noun , verb

■ noun

HITTING MOVEMENT

1.

an act of hitting a ball, for example with a bat or racket :

What a beautiful stroke!

He won by two strokes (= in golf , by taking two fewer strokes than his opponent) .

2.

a single movement of the arm when hitting sb/sth :

His punishment was six strokes of the cane.

IN SWIMMING / ROWING

3.

any of a series of repeated movements in swimming or rowing :

She took a few more strokes to reach the bank.

4.

(often in compounds) a style of swimming :

Butterfly is the only stroke I can't do.

—see also backstroke , breaststroke

5.

the person who sets the speed at which everyone in a boat rows

GENTLE TOUCH

6.

[ usually sing. ] ( especially BrE ) an act of moving your hand gently over a surface, usually several times :

He gave the cat a stroke.

OF PEN / BRUSH

7.

a mark made by moving a pen, brush, etc. once across a surface :

to paint with fine brush strokes

At the stroke of a pen (= by signing sth) they removed thousands of people from the welfare system.

ACTION

8.

stroke (of sth) a single successful action or event :

Your idea was a stroke of genius .

It was a stroke of luck that I found you here.

It was a bold stroke to reveal the identity of the murderer on the first page.

She never does a stroke (of work) (= never does any work) .

—see also masterstroke

OF CLOCK

9.

each of the sounds made by a clock or bell giving the hours :

At the first stroke it will be 9 o'clock exactly.

on the stroke of three (= at 3 o'clock exactly)

ILLNESS

10.

a sudden serious illness when a blood vessel (= tube) in the brain bursts or is blocked, which can cause death or the loss of the ability to move or to speak clearly :

to have / suffer a stroke

The stroke left him partly paralysed.

IDIOMS

- at a (single) stroke | at one stroke

- put sb off their stroke

■ verb

[ vn ]

TOUCH GENTLY

1.

( especially BrE ) to move your hand gently and slowly over an animal's fur or hair :

He's a beautiful dog. Can I stroke him?

—see also pet

2.

to move your hand gently over a surface, sb's hair, etc. :

He stroked her hair affectionately.

MOVE STH GENTLY

3.

[+ adv. / prep. ] to move sth somewhere with a gentle movement :

She stroked away his tears.

He stroked the ball between the posts.

BE NICE TO SB

4.

( informal , especially NAmE ) to be very nice to sb, especially to get them to do what you want

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English strācian caress lightly , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch streek a stroke, German streichen to stroke, also to strike . The earliest noun sense blow is first recorded in Middle English .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.