Meaning of STROKE in English

STROKE

I. ˈstrōk transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English stroken, from Old English strācian; akin to Middle Dutch streken to stroke, Old High German streihhōn to stroke, strihhan to pass over lightly, smooth — more at strike

1.

a. : to rub gently in one direction

stroking his beard

stroke a cat's fur

b. : to pass the hand over gently in kindness or tenderness : caress , soothe

2.

a. : to smooth or arrange by repeatedly drawing the hand or a tool over or through

b. : to draw across a surface repeatedly in order to sharpen : whet , hone

3. : to draw milk from (as a cow) especially by stripping

4. : to give a finely fluted surface to (a stone)

- stroke the wrong way

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English stroke, strake; akin to Middle Low German strek stroke, Middle High German streich, Old English strīcan to move, pass over lightly, stroke — more at strike

1. : the act of striking with the hand ; especially : a deliberately aimed swinging blow with a weapon or implement

no man could withstand his sword stroke

dealt him several stinging strokes with the whip

ringing strokes of the ax

2. : a single unbroken movement without pause or reversal of direction

sketched a likeness with a few strokes of a pencil

especially : one of a series of repeated or to-and-fro movements

strokes of a pendulum

painting with firm level strokes

3.

a. : a blow on a drum ; especially : a full accented beat as distinguished from a tap or a roll

b. : a striking of the ball in a game (as cricket, billiards, tennis)

c. : the act of striking or attempting to strike the ball that constitutes the scoring unit in golf

win a match by two strokes

accepted a penalty stroke for lifting the ball out of an unplayable lie

a 10- stroke handicap

4. : a sudden action or process producing an impact

stroke of lightning

or a quick or unexpected result

stroke of fortune

stroke of luck

5.

a. obsolete : the result or effect of a blow : injury

b.

(1) : apoplexy

(2) : little stroke

6.

a. : one of a series of propelling beats or movements against a resisting medium

wing stroke of a bird

swimming stroke

paddling with quick, stabbing strokes

a rowing pace of 30 strokes to the minute

b. : the member of a rowing crew who sits nearest the stern and sets the tempo for the other rowers

7.

a. : a vigorous or energetic effort by which something is done, produced, or accomplished

brilliant diplomatic stroke

without doing a stroke of work

stroke of genius

b. Britain : a gratifying quantity of work or business

c. : a delicate or clever touch in a narrative or description or construction : a well-turned phrase or a deftly managed bit of plotting

d. : a series of moves and exchanges (in chess and checkers) resulting in a clear advantage for one side

8.

a. : a movement of the arm or baton in beating time

b. : the movement of the bow in one direction on a stringed instrument

c. : heartbeat

9.

a. : the movement in either direction of a mechanical part (as a piston plunger, piston rod, crosshead) having a reciprocating motion

b. : the entire distance passed through in such a movement

the piston is at half stroke

ratio of piston stroke to bore of a cylinder

10. : the sound of a bell being struck

at the stroke of twelve

11. obsolete : method or manner of touching or playing a musical instrument ; also : melody

12.

[ stroke (I) ]

: an act of stroking or caressing

the stroke of wind and water on land — Russell Lord

13.

a. : a mark or dash made by a single movement of an implement (as a pen, engraving tool, or brush)

the stroke dividing numerator and denominator in the fraction 3/4

b. obsolete : a distinguishing feature : characteristic

c. : one of the lines of a letter of the alphabet or other graphic character

a typeface having great contrast between thick and thin strokes

Bodoni has a lively quality caused by the contrast of the heavy strokes and the hairlines — W.S.Cowell

d. : a heavy line connecting the stems of two or more notes in a musical notation

14. : the truth-functional operator that is the constant element in an alternative denial, that is commonly interpreted as “not both”, that is symbolized ], and that can be used alone with only propositional symbols to construct a formally complete propositional calculus

the alternative denial p]q is read p stroke q

- at a stroke

III. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1.

a. : to mark with a short line

dotted the i 's and stroked the t 's

b. : to cancel by drawing a line through — used usually with out

stroked out the last name on the list

c. : to join the stems of (musical notes) by a stroke

2. : to set the stroke for (the crew of a rowing boat) : set the stroke for the crew of (a rowing boat) : row as stroke of

3. : hit

stroke a single over second base

especially : to propel (a ball) with a controlled swinging blow

stroke a cue ball in billiards

4. : to strike (a key) in typewriting

intransitive verb

1. : to execute a stroke

polo team showed bold riding and accurate stroking

2.

a. : to pull an oar or serve as stroke

stroked for the freshman crew — Current Biography

b. : to row at a certain number of strokes a minute

the crew was stroking at 32

3. : to strike the keys in typewriting

the clean, even stroking is desirable for good impressions

IV. transitive verb

: to flatter or treat solicitously especially in order to reassure or persuade

a gift for stroking the … bankers to whom he resold those loans — Roy Rowan

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.