Meaning of COMPOUND in English

COMPOUND

1. n., adj., & v.

--n.

1. a mixture of two or more things, qualities, etc.

2 (also compound word) a word made up of two or more existing words.

3 Chem. a substance formed from two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions.

--adj.

1. a made up of several ingredients. b consisting of several parts.

2 combined; collective.

3 Zool. consisting of individual organisms.

4 Biol. consisting of several or many parts.

--v.

1. tr. mix or combine (ingredients, ideas, motives, etc.) (grief compounded with fear).

2 tr. increase or complicate (difficulties etc.) (anxiety compounded by discomfort).

3 tr. make up (a composite whole).

4 tr. (also absol.) settle (a debt, dispute, etc.) by concession or special arrangement.

5 tr. Law a condone (a liability or offence) in exchange for money etc. b forbear from prosecuting (a felony) from private motives.

6 intr. (usu. foll. by with, for) Law come to terms with a person, for forgoing a claim etc. for an offence.

7 tr. combine (words or elements) into a word.

Phrases and idioms:

compound eye an eye consisting of numerous visual units, as found in insects and crustaceans. compound fracture a fracture complicated by a skin wound. compound interest interest payable on capital and its accumulated interest (cf. simple interest). compound interval Mus. an interval exceeding one octave. compound leaf a leaf consisting of several or many leaflets. compound sentence a sentence with more than one subject or predicate. compound time Mus. music having more than one group of simple-time units in each bar.

Derivatives:

compoundable adj.

Etymology: ME compoun(e) f. OF compondre f. L componere (as COM-, ponere put: -d as in expound) 2. n.1 a large open enclosure for housing workers etc., esp. miners in S. Africa.

2 an enclosure, esp. in India, China, etc., in which a factory or a house stands (cf. KAMPONG).

3 a large enclosed space in a prison or prison camp.

4 POUND(3).

Etymology: Port. campon or Du. kampong f. Malay

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.