Meaning of DRILL in English

DRILL

1. n. & v.

--n.

1. a pointed, esp. revolving, steel tool or machine used for boring cylindrical holes, sinking wells, etc.

2 a esp. Mil. instruction or training in military exercises. b rigorous discipline or methodical instruction, esp. when learning or performing tasks. c routine procedure to be followed in an emergency (fire-drill). d a routine or exercise (drills in irregular verb patterns).

3 colloq. a recognized procedure (I expect you know the drill).

4 any of various molluscs, esp. Urosalpinx cinera, that bore into the shells of young oysters.

--v.

1. tr. (also absol.) a (of a person or a tool) make a hole with a drill through or into (wood, metal, etc.). b make (a hole) with a drill.

2 tr. & intr. esp. Mil. subject to or undergo discipline by drill.

3 tr. impart (knowledge etc.) by a strict method.

4 tr. sl. shoot with a gun (drilled him full of holes).

Derivatives:

driller n.

Etymology: earlier as verb, f. MDu. drillen bore, of unkn. orig. 2. n. & v.

--n.

1. a machine used for making furrows, sowing, and covering seed.

2 a small furrow for sowing seed in.

3 a ridge with such furrows on top.

4 a row of plants so sown.

--v.tr.

1. sow (seed) with a drill.

2 plant (the ground) in drills.

Etymology: perh. f. obs. drill rill (17th c., of unkn. orig.) 3. n. a W. African baboon, Papio leucophaeus, related to the mandrill.

Etymology: prob. a native name: cf. MANDRILL 4. n. a coarse twilled cotton or linen fabric.

Etymology: earlier drilling f. G Drillich f. L trilix -licis f. tri- three + licium thread

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.