Meaning of DRY in English

DRY

adj., v., & n.

--adj. (drier; driest)

1. free from moisture, not wet, esp.: a with any moisture having evaporated, drained, or been wiped away (the clothes are not dry yet). b (of the eyes) free from tears. c (of a climate etc.) with insufficient rainfall; not rainy (a dry spell). d (of a river, well, etc.) dried up; not yielding water. e (of a liquid) having disappeared by evaporation etc. f not connected with or for use without moisture (dry shampoo). g (of a shave) with an electric razor.

2 (of wine etc.) not sweet (dry sherry).

3 a meagre, plain, or bare (dry facts). b uninteresting; dull (dry as dust).

4 (of a sense of humour, a joke, etc.) subtle, ironic, and quietly expressed; not obvious.

5 (of a country, of legislation, etc.) prohibiting the sale of alcoholic drink.

6 (of toast, bread, etc.) without butter, margarine, etc.

7 (of provisions, groceries, etc.) solid, not liquid (dry goods).

8 impassive, unsympathetic; hard; cold.

9 (of a cow etc.) not yielding milk.

10 colloq. thirsty or thirst-making (feel dry; this is dry work).

11 Polit. colloq. of or being a political 'dry'.

--v. (dries, dried)

1. tr. & intr. make or become dry by wiping, evaporation, draining, etc.

2 tr. (usu. as dried adj.) preserve (food etc.) by removing the moisture (dried egg; dried fruit; dried flowers).

3 intr. (often foll. by up) Theatr. colloq. forget one's lines.

4 tr. & intr. (often foll. by off) cease or cause (a cow etc.) to cease yielding milk.

--n. (pl. dries)

1. the process or an instance of drying.

2 sl. a politician, esp. a Conservative, who advocates individual responsibility, free trade, and economic stringency, and opposes high government spending.

3 a (prec. by the) esp. Austral. colloq. the dry season. b Austral. a desert area, waterless country.

4 a dry ginger ale. b dry wine, sherry, etc.

Phrases and idioms:

dry battery Electr. an electric battery consisting of dry cells. dry cell Electr. a cell in which the electrolyte is absorbed in a solid and cannot be spilled. dry-clean clean (clothes etc.) with organic solvents without using water. dry-cleaner a firm that specializes in dry-cleaning. dry cough a cough not producing phlegm. dry-cure cure (meat etc.) without pickling in liquid. dry dock an enclosure for the building or repairing of ships, from which water can be pumped out. dry-fly adj. (of fishing) with an artificial fly floating on the surface.

--v.intr. (-flies, -flied) fish by such a method. dry ice solid carbon dioxide. dry land land as opposed to the sea, a river, etc. dry measure a measure of capacity for dry goods. dry milk US dried milk. dry-nurse a nurse for young children, not required to breast-feed. dry out

1. become fully dry.

2 (of a drug addict, alcoholic, etc.) undergo treatment to cure addiction. dry-plate Photog. a photographic plate with sensitized film hard and dry for convenience of keeping, developing at leisure, etc.

dry-point

1. a needle for engraving on a bare copper plate without acid.

2 an engraving produced with this.

dry rot

1. a decayed state of wood when not ventilated, caused by certain fungi.

2 these fungi. dry run colloq. a rehearsal. dry-salt dry-cure. dry-salter a dealer in dyes, gums, drugs, oils, pickles, tinned meats, etc. dry-shod without wetting the shoes.

dry up

1. make utterly dry.

2 dry dishes.

3 (of moisture) disappear utterly.

4 (of a well etc.) cease to yield water.

5 colloq. (esp. in imper.) cease talking. go dry enact legislation for the prohibition of alcohol.

Derivatives:

dryish adj. dryness n.

Etymology: OE dryge, drygan, rel. to MLG dr{ouml}ge, MDu. droghe, f. Gmc

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.