Meaning of UNDER in English

UNDER

prep less specifically, denoting the relation of being subject, of undergoing regard, treatment, or the like; as, a bill under discussion.

2. under ·prep denoting relation to something that exceeds in rank or degree, in number, size, weight, age, or the like; in a relation of the less to the greater, of inferiority, or of falling short.

3. under ·prep below or lower, in place or position, with the idea of being covered; lower than; beneath;

— opposed to over; as, he stood under a tree; the carriage is under cover; a cellar extends under the whole house.

4. under ·adj lower in position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject; subordinate;

— generally in composition with a noun, and written with or without the hyphen; as, an undercurrent; undertone; underdose; under-garment; underofficer; undersheriff.

5. under ·prep denoting relation to something that comprehends or includes, that represents or designates, that furnishes a cover, pretext, pretense, or the like; as, he betrayed him under the guise of friendship; morpheus is represented under the figure of a boy asleep.

6. under ·adv in a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in subjection;

— used chiefly in a few idiomatic phrases; as, to bring under, to reduce to subjection; to subdue; to keep under, to keep in subjection; to control; to go under, to be unsuccessful; to fail.

7. under ·prep denoting relation to some thing or person that is superior, weighs upon, oppresses, bows down, governs, directs, influences powerfully, or the like, in a relation of subjection, subordination, obligation, liability, or the like; as, to travel under a heavy load; to live under extreme oppression; to have fortitude under the evils of life; to have patience under pain, or under misfortunes; to behave like a christian under reproaches and injuries; under the pains and penalties of the law; the condition under which one enters upon an office; under the necessity of obeying the laws; under vows of chastity.

Webster English vocab.      Английский словарь Webster.