Meaning of LOWER in English

LOWER

I. intransitive verb

or lour ˈlau̇(ə)r, -au̇ə, esp in the South -au̇wə(r; sometimes ˈlō(ə)r or ˈlōə

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English louren; akin to Middle Dutch loeren to lie in wait, watch, Middle High German lūren

1. : to look sullen : frown

lowering at the pavement — G.B.Shaw

2.

a. : to be dark, gloomy, and threatening

the clouds lower

b. : to become covered with dark and threatening clouds

a rising wind and lowering sky

c. : to show threatening signs of approach

dark lowers the tempest overhead — H.W.Longfellow

great thunderheads lowering as they came — Mary Austin

3. archaic : to lie in wait

II. noun

or lour “

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English lour, from louren, v.

: a lowering look ; also : a lowering or gloomy sky or aspect of weather

III. ˈlō(ə)r, -ōə adjective

Etymology: from lower, compar. of low (IV)

1. : relatively low in position, amount, or degree

a lower berth

a lower estimate

a lower boiling point

2.

a. : being or relating to something or someone of popular or inferior origin or rank

the lower chamber of a legislative body

lower officeholders

b. : less differentiated in structure : less highly advanced in the scale of development through evolution

the lower animals

lower organisms

c. also low : of or relating to a phase of an educational system that must be completed before the next one is entered

lower school

lower division

lower freshmen

3.

a.

(1) : situated or regarded as being situated below the level of another part or place

the lower middle class

the lower settlements

(2) : situated or believed to be situated beneath the surface of the earth

the lower world

(3) : being the southern part of an area

the center of the financial district in lower Manhattan — Current Biography

the lower South

b. usually capitalized : being an earlier epoch or series of the period or system named

Lower Carboniferous

Lower Cretaceous

Lower Permian

Lower Silurian

— contrasted with Upper

c. : farther from the source

the lower Nile

the lower Mississippi

d. usually capitalized : living on lower ground, not so far inland, farther downstream, or farther south than others of the same group

the Lower Creek

4. : more recent

assigns a lower date for this event

IV. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

intransitive verb

1. : to move to a lower level : descend to a lower stage : let oneself down

came and lowered by her — A.B.Guthrie

the river lowered as rapidly as it rose

2. : to diminish or decrease in value, amount, intensity, or degree

predicted that prices would gradually lower

voice lowered into the sound of rain — James Still

3. : to lower a boat or sail

lowered for a bull sperm whale — H.A.Chippendale

— often used with away

as you lower away, you can gather the jib as it comes down — Peter Heaton

transitive verb

1.

a. : to let descend by its own weight : let down

lower a bucket

lower a sail

into this the general lowered his portly form — D.G.Gerahty

b. : to depress as to direction

lower the aim of a gun

c.

(1) : to depress the surface of (as by carving, scraping)

(2) : to remove (a part) in so doing

d. : to reduce the height of

lower a wall

2.

a. : to reduce in value or amount

lower the price of goods

lower the rate of interest

b.

(1) : to bring down in quality, character, or reputation : degrade

lowered himself by his actions

novels and tales likely to lower taste — Times Literary, Supplement

(2) : abase , humble : bring down in rank

lowered the proud grandees and exalted the commoners

c. : to make less elevated as to objective

lowered his aspirations

— often used in the phrase lower one's sights

nothing would be more fatal … than to lower our sights — J.B.Conant

3.

a. : to move (the tongue) down away from the palate

b. : to replace (a sound) with an allophone or phoneme of lower tongue position

ē was lowered to i before r

- lower the boom

V. noun

( -s )

: the lower member of a pair: as

a. : a lower berth

b. : a lower denture

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.