Meaning of PIT in English

PIT

I. ˈpit, usu -id.+V noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English pitt, pit, from Old English pytt; akin to Old Saxon putti well, Old High German pfuzzi, pfuzza well, Old Norse pyttr well, pit, pool, cesspool; all from a prehistoric West Germanic-North Germanic word probably borrowed from Latin puteus well, pit; perhaps akin to Latin putare to prune — more at pave

1.

a. : a hole, shaft, or cavity in the ground formed naturally (as by erosion) or artificially (as by digging): as

(1) : a usually open deep excavation or shaft that has been dug for taking a mineral deposit from the ground or for quarrying stone

a gravel pit

a coal pit

(2) : a scooped-out place used for burning something (as charcoal, lime)

(3) dialect chiefly England : grave

thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit — Ps 30:3 (Authorized Version)

(4) : a hole in the ground usually covered over with something (as brushwood) and designed to serve as a trap into which wild animals may fall and so be captured

(5) : a covered excavation (as in a field) used for storing produce

(6) : propagating pit

(7) : an area dug out or sunk into the ground as a place of imprisonment

(8) : an excavation (as beneath a furnace) for receiving cinders or ashes

(9) : an area dug out as a shelter against gunfire

b. : an often sunken or depressed area designed for a particular use or purpose with reference to the surrounding or adjacent floor area: as

(1) : an enclosure in which animals are kept or are made to fight each other as a sport

a bear pit

like a couple of gamecocks in a pit

(2) chiefly Britain : the ground floor of a theater ; especially : the part of this area at the rear

(3) : orchestra pit

(4) : a usually rectangular sunken area in a garage or service station designed to permit more convenient greasing of and repair work on the underside of a car — called also grease pit

(5) : drop pit

(6) : a sunken area in a foundry floor designed to catch cast metal

(7) : a small area at one end of a bowling alley behind the pins that is designed to catch the pins when they are knocked down

(8) : an area alongside an auto speedway used for refueling or repairing the cars

(9) : an area in a securities or commodities exchange typically surrounded by a circle of steps in which members of one or the other branch of the exchange do the actual trading

the wheat pit

(10) : an area covered or filled with sawdust or similar soft material designed to cushion the impact of one (as a pole vaulter) landing on that spot after a leap

(11) : an area in which gaming tables are placed in a casino

2. : an abyss conceived of as the abode of evil spirits and the damned : hell

a demon from the depths of the pit — John Morley

3. : a hollow or indentation especially in the surface of an animal body or plant body : a surface depression: as

a. : a natural hollow in the surface of the body ; especially : a hollow below the lower end of the breastbone — usually used in the phrase pit of the stomach

b.

(1) : one of usually several or many small more or less round indentations left as scars in the skin typically as a result of disease : pockmark

(2) : a usually developmental imperfection in the enamel of a tooth that takes the form of a small pointed depression

c. : one of the small depressions left in a surface (as of metal, stone) as a result of some eroding or corrosive agent dripping or spattering on it

d. : a minute depression in the secondary wall of a plant cell that is formed where secondary-wall material has not covered the primary wall and that has a function in the intercellular movement of water and dissolved material

e. : one of the small depressed lesions left in the surface of a plant by disease

4. : a plant disease that produces pits in the plants affected

II. verb

( pitted ; pitted ; pitting ; pits )

Etymology: Middle English pitten, from pitt, pit, n.

transitive verb

1.

a. : to put into or as if into a pit ; especially : to store (as vegetables) in a pit

b. : to make pits in

the field had been pitted by the explosions

especially : to make small indentations (as pockmarks) in

a face that had been pitted by smallpox

packed sand that had been pitted by the heavy rain

2.

a. : to set (as gamecocks) into or as if into a pit so as to fight

pitted a pair of cocks against each other

b. : to set into opposition or rivalry : match against an opponent or competitor : oppose

pitting his courage and his will against terrific odds — E.O.Hauser

we will be pitted against each other — T.B.Costain

pitting one prizefighter against another

intransitive verb

1. : to yield to pressure (as of the finger) and temporarily retain the indentation so made

tissue affected by edema will usually pit

2. : to form small indentations : become marked with pits

a metal that pitted after contact with acid

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Dutch, from Middle Dutch pitte, pit — more at pith

: the stone of a drupaceous fruit (as a cherry) — compare pip IV 1

IV. transitive verb

( pitted ; pitted ; pitting ; pits )

: to remove the pit from (a fruit)

V.

chiefly Scotland

variant of put

VI. noun

1. pits plural : something or someone that is the worst — used with the

2. : mosh pit herein

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.