Meaning of PUSH in English

PUSH

I. ˈpu̇sh verb

( -ed/-ing/-es )

Etymology: Middle English posshen, pusshen, from Old French polser, poulser to push, beat, from Latin pulsare, from pulsus, past participle of pellere to drive, push — more at felt

transitive verb

1.

a. : to exert physical force upon so as to cause or tend to cause motion away from the force : to cause to move or tend to move away or ahead by steady pressure in contact

push a baby carriage

push a door open

push a boat off

push him out of the way

pushed back his chair

dunes that the ice pushed up

— opposed to pull

b. archaic , of an animal : to butt or thrust against with the head or horns

c. : to force to go (as by driving or displacing)

push the enemy troops into the sea

my crew will push your cattle across the creek tomorrow — Luke Short

pushed the worry to the back of her mind

push the job onto someone else

: crowd

a local sensation that pushed the foreign news off the front page

cleared fields that push back the wilderness

d. : to make, effect, or accomplish by forcing aside obstacles or opposition

push his way to the front of the crowd

pushed the new road into the wilderness

2.

a. : to put in a projecting position : stick

pushed out his lower lip

push her nose into their affairs

b. : to cause to extend against resistance or with vigorous effort : put forth

plants that push their roots deep into the soil

: send out

pushed an army across the river to intercept the enemy

c. : to cause to change in quantity or extent

costs of municipal government are still rising, pushing up … taxes — Ed Cony

as the frontier was pushed westward — American Guide Series: Virginia

especially : increase

push the production of consumer goods to record levels

3.

a. : to press (a person) to do something

push her son to pursue a musical career

b. : to urge or force to greater speed or activity or beyond usual limits

pushes his horse to the front of the race

pushed the truck to a breakneck speed

cruises at 200 but can hit 250 if pushed

pushes her voice a little too hard — Edward Sackvill-West & Desmond Shawe-Taylor

c. : to bring (a person) to a point, state, or position by severe pressure

fancied slights … pushed men to the breaking point — Oscar Handlin

the students … frequently push the professors into extreme views — Dallas Finn

especially : to reduce to straits (as by lack of money, time)

push smaller companies into bankruptcy

pushed for time

d. : to bid for the purpose of inducing (an opponent in a card game) to make a higher and possibly unsafe bid

e. : to direct the course of

pushed his horse into the opening

push a pencil

: operate

pushes a taxi for a living

4. : to develop (as an idea or system) more fully or to an extreme

pushes the argument one step further — Robert Strausz-Hupé

pushes his historical interpretation as far as it will go — S.F.Damon

5.

a. : to promote or carry out with vigor : urge or press the advancement, adoption, or practice of

pushed his protegé in university circles

push the bill in the legislature

specifically : to make aggressive efforts to sell

a heavy consumer drive to push canned foods — Printers' Ink

b. : to engage in the illicit sale of (narcotics)

6. : to approach in age or number

the old man was pushing seventy-five — Saul Bellow

the crowds are pushing 200,000 — Ken Purdy

intransitive verb

1. archaic

a. of an animal : to butt a person or object with the head or horns

b. : to thrust with a pointed weapon

c. : to make a hostile advance

2.

a. : to exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain a desired end : work or drive hard

unions pushing for higher wages

b. : to peddle narcotics

3.

a. : to exert a steady force against something

watched the crowd push against the gate until it broke

b. : to move by pushing or being pushed

took the raft pole and pushed out into the stream

the door pushed open — Erle Stanley Gardner

fillers that push out easily

c. : to make one or more bids that push an opponent

4. : to press forward against obstacles or opposition or with energy : advance persistently or courageously

encouraged adventurous Portuguese captains to push out into the Atlantic — G.C.Sellery

5.

a. : to stick out : project

a dock that pushes far out into the lake

: extend

a road that pushes toward the mountains

b. : to change in quantity or extent ; especially : increase

corn acreage pushed into first place — American Guide Series: Minnesota

Synonyms:

push , shove , thrust , and propel can mean, in common, to use force upon a thing so as to make it move ahead or aside. push implies the application of force by a body already in contact with the thing to be moved onward, aside, or out of the way

push a wheelbarrow

push a man off a seat

push a card across the table

push a man into a high political position

shove implies a strong, usually fast or rough, pushing of something usually along a surface, as the ground or a floor

shove a piano a few feet back

shove a handkerchief into one's pocket

shove a plate away from one

thrust stresses a rapidity or violence rather than any continuousness or steadiness in the application of force, often implying the sudden and forcible pushing of a weapon or instrument into something

thrust a hand into a box

thrust a sword through the arras

thrust a grievance out of one's mind

propel implies a driving forward or onward by a force or power

propel a hoop along the sidewalk

boats propelled by the wind

the engine propels the car at over a hundred miles an hour

a man propelled by hunger to an enemy's house

- push one's luck

- push up daisies

II. noun

( -es )

1. : a vigorous effort to attain a desired end : drive

a strong Congressional push for restoring high, rigid supports — Eric Sevareid

a. : a strong organized military attack : assault , offensive

on the Russian front the spring push had finally begun — Time

b. : an advance overcoming obstacles

the big scientific push into the south polar region — Springfield (Massachusetts) Union

c. : an active campaign to promote the sale of a product

his sales picture on this product may be influenced by a heavy push on another product — J.K.Blake

2. : a condition or occasion of stress : an urgent state : a time for action : emergency , pinch

when it came to the push , I found, I had forgot all I intended to say — Thomas Gray

3.

a.

(1) : a sudden forcible act of pushing : shove

gave the boy ahead of him an impatient push and knocked him down

(2) : a thrust with a pointed weapon or the horn of an animal

b.

(1) : a physical force steadily applied in a direction away from the body exerting it

gave the car a push around the block to start it

driven by the push of the wind on the sails

the push of the water against the walls of the tank

(2) : a nonphysical pressure : influence , compulsion , urge

the push and pull of conflicting emotions

c. : aggressive energy : vigorous enterprise

it was the push … of a reinvigorated government that carried the program through — F.A.Ogg & Harold Zink

4.

a. : an exertion of influence to promote another's interests

b. : stimulation or encouragement to vigorous activity : boost , impetus

war gave weather forecasting a tremendous push — J.D.Ratcliff

5.

a. : crowd , bunch

hurry and get ready, … the whole push of you — Atlantic

b. Australia : a gang of rowdies or toughs

6. : a part to be pushed ; especially : push button

7. slang : a foreman in a lumber camp

8. Britain : dismissal — used in the phrase get the push or give the push

when the Mayor makes his replacements … all I do is put the finger on the guy who's to get the push — Hartley Howard

9. : a bid in a card game that pushes an opponent

III. adjective

1. : that pushes : used to communicate a push

push pole

push pedal

2. : operated or propelled by pushing

a push mower

a push feed

IV. noun

( -es )

Etymology: origin unknown

1. dialect chiefly England : pustule , pimple

2. dialect chiefly England : boil , carbuncle

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.