Meaning of STRONG in English

STRONG

I. ˈstrȯŋ also ˈsträŋ adjective

( stron·ger -ŋgə(r) ; stron·gest -ŋgə̇st)

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English strang; akin to Old High German strango strongly, strengi strong, brave, hard, Old Norse strangr strong, severe, Latin stringere to bind tight, press together — more at strain

1.

a. : having great muscular power : capable of exerting great bodily force

strong as a bull

b. : accomplished or supported by marked physical power

rows with a strong stroke

strong kick

strong thrust with a spear

2.

a. : able to bear or endure : robust , rugged

strong runner

strong health

b. : able to withstand stress or violence : not easily broken or injured

strong furniture

c. : tending to higher prices — sometimes distinguished from firm

a strong market

3. : having or exhibiting moral or intellectual force, endurance, or vigor

mistook an opinionated mind for a strong one — C.H.Sykes

strong ruler

strong president

4.

a. : having great resources of wealth

strong bank

strong national economy

or of talent

strong cast of actors

among the stronger teams in the baseball league

b. : being of a specified effective number — used postpositively

army 10 thousand strong

each choir was over 150 strong — Warwick Braithwaite

5.

a. : striking or superior of its kind : capable of making a clear or deep impression especially on the mind or imagination

bears a strong resemblance to his father

strong picture

b. : effective or efficient especially in a particular direction : able to accomplish a result

if you are strong on logic — W.J.Reilly

c. : massive , important

strong vein of coal

d. : full 3e(1)

e. of printing type or a slug : cast slightly over point size

6.

a. : having a particular quality in a great degree : intense in degree : concentrated

strong salt solution

strong coffee

strong dislike

strong light

strong feelings of the farmers about foreign competition — Roy Lewis & Angus Maude

b. : extreme , uncompromising

strong views on raising children

denounced in the strongest terms

c. of a color : high in chroma

d. : containing a large proportion of alcohol

strong beer

e. : having a high degree of ionization in solution — used of an acid or a base

hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid are strong acids

— compare weak 11

f. of tobacco : having a high nicotine content or otherwise strongly flavored

perique is a strong tobacco

g. : having great refractive or magnifying power

strong lens

uses strong eyeglasses

7. obsolete : gross , flagrant , notorious

heinous, strong , and bold conspiracy — Shakespeare

8. : urgent , compelling

strong grounds for believing him guilty

strong desire for recognition

9. : ardent , zealous

the whole family are strong Republicans

strong believer in astrology

10. : moving with force or rapidity

strong tide

strong wind

strong pulse

11.

a. obsolete : difficult , hard

b. : relatively hard to digest : solid

strong foods

12.

a. : not easily captured or subdued

strong fortress

strong military position

b. : well established : firmly fixed : not easily altered or eradicated

strong prejudice

strong belief

strong custom

c. : not easily upset or nauseated

strong stomach

strong head for hard liquor

13. : having an offensive or too intense odor or flavor

strong cheese

strong breath

14. of soil : productive , fertile

15. of flour or wheat : containing a high percentage of gluten : cohesive and tenacious and producing bread of good texture and form

16.

a. of a verb : forming its past tense by a change in the root vowel and its past participle usually by the addition of -en with or without change of the root vowel (as strive, strove, striven; break, broke, broken; drink, drank, drunk ) — opposed to weak ; compare irregular

b. of a noun or adjective declension : retaining the old declensional endings characteristic of the vowel stems in Proto-Germanic — opposed to weak

17.

a. : bearing a degree of stress greater than the minimal degree occurring in the language

strong stress

strong syllable

strong ending of a line of verse

b. : emphatic — used of forms of chiefly monosyllabic words (as pronouns, auxiliaries) that have minimal stress in some contexts

am is a strong form in “I'm not going today but I am going tomorrow”

Modern English off descends historically from the old strong form of of

18. chiefly Australia

a. of wool : broad-haired or coarse-fibered

b. of sheep : having such wool : strong-woolled

Synonyms:

stout , sturdy , stalwart , tough , tenacious : strong is a general term indicating marked physical power, great size or number, soundness for withstanding strain, or marked force, vigor, or intensity

a strong constitution

a strong army

a strong brace

strong liquor

a strong color

stout suggests power to resist or endure; of things it is applicable to a texture or construction resisting strain, and of persons to an ability to resist with undaunted resolution

mooring the ship with stout ropes

stout fences for keeping the cattle in

the stout defenders of the fortress

and let our hearts be stout, to wait out the long travail, to bear sorrows that may come, to impart our courage unto our sons — F.D.Roosevelt

sturdy applies to what is marked by staying power or resistance arising from firm resolution, rugged or vigorous growth, or solid construction

it was easy in this country to idealize the farmers as the sturdy yeomanry who embodied all the virtues associated with the original Anglo-Saxon love of liberty — John Dewey

a kick delivered with all the strength of the blacksmith's sturdy leg sent him sprawling on all fours — C.B.Nordhoff & J.N.Hall

stalwart may suggest a firm, strong dependability, often accompanied by notable mental or physical strength

it is a hard life: those that survive are stalwart, rugged men, literally mighty men of valour who neither know nor desire comforts — L.D.Stamp

a stalwart Federalist, he was a good hater of all Jacobins — V.L.Parrington

tough may suggest resistant, vigorous hardiness able to withstand hard strain and enervation

a tough and durable material

the toughest old salts imaginable — not pretty to look at, but fellows, by their faces, of the most indomitable spirit — R.L.Stevenson

a tough ruthless power bent on dominating the world and suppressing our freedom — Vannevar Bush

tenacious implies a stubborn or resolute holding on, retaining, maintaining, or adhering despite forces that would discourage, weaken, dislodge, or thwart

her power of recuperation was wonderful. There was something tenacious about that lily-frail body of hers, a clutch on existence which one could not reconcile with its patent weakness — Jack London

stubborn, willful, tenacious, undiscouraged by adversity — T.H.Fielding

- strong for

II. adverb

Etymology: Middle English stronge, strong, from Old English strange, from strang strong (adjective)

: strongly

had the love of adventure strong in their Irish blood — Irish Digest

still going strong after 40 years of hard work

reversible … topcoat … is coming back strong — New Yorker

wind blowing strong from the West

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: strong (I)

: forte 2

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.