Meaning of CHAIN in English
— chainless , adj. — chainlike , adj.
/chayn/ , n.
1. a series of objects connected one after the other, usually in the form of a series of metal rings passing through one another, used either for various purposes requiring a flexible tie with high tensile strength, as for hauling, supporting, or confining, or in various ornamental and decorative forms.
2. Often, chains . something that binds or restrains; bond: the chain of timidity; the chains of loyalty.
3. chains ,
a. shackles or fetters: to place a prisoner in chains.
b. bondage; servitude: to live one's life in chains.
c. Naut. (in a sailing vessel) the area outboard at the foot of the shrouds of a mast: the customary position of the leadsman in taking soundings.
d. See tire chain .
4. a series of things connected or following in succession: a chain of events.
5. a range of mountains.
6. a number of similar establishments, as banks, theaters, or hotels, under one ownership or management.
7. Chem. two or more atoms of the same element, usually carbon, attached as in a chain. Cf. ring 1 (def. 17).
8. Survey. , Civ. Engin.
a. a distance-measuring device consisting of a chain of 100 links of equal length, having a total length either of 66 ft. (20 m) (Gunter's chain or surveyor's chain) or of 100 ft. (30 m) (engineer's chain) .
b. a unit of length equal to either of these.
c. a graduated steel tape used for distance measurements. Abbr.: ch
9. Math. See totally ordered set .
10. Football. a chain 10 yd. (9 m) in length for determining whether a first down has been earned.
11. drag the chain , Australian Slang. to lag behind or shirk one's fair share of work.
12. in the chains , Naut. standing outboard on the channels or in some similar place to heave the lead to take soundings.
13. to fasten or secure with a chain: to chain a dog to a post.
14. to confine or restrain: His work chained him to his desk.
15. Survey. to measure (a distance on the ground) with a chain or tape.
16. Computers. to link (related items, as records in a file or portions of a program) together, esp. so that items can be run in sequence.
17. to make (a chain stitch or series of chain stitches), as in crocheting.
18. to form or make a chain.
[ 1250-1300; ME chayne chaeine catena fetter; see CATENA ]
Syn. 4. sequence, succession, train, set.
Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary. Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House . 2012