Meaning of TRAP in English

TRAP

trap 1

— traplike , adj.

/trap/ , n. , v. , trapped, trapping .

n.

1. a contrivance used for catching game or other animals, as a mechanical device that springs shut suddenly.

2. any device, stratagem, trick, or the like for catching a person unawares.

3. any of various devices for removing undesirable substances from a moving fluid, vapor, etc., as water from steam or cinders from coal gas.

4. Also called air trap . an arrangement in a pipe, as a double curve or a U-shaped section, in which liquid remains and forms a seal for preventing the passage or escape of air or of gases through the pipe from behind or below.

5. traps , the percussion instruments of a jazz or dance band.

6. Trapshooting , Skeet. a device for hurling clay pigeons into the air.

7. the piece of wood, shaped somewhat like a shoe hollowed at the heel, and moving on a pivot, used in playing the game of trapball.

8. the game of trapball.

9. See trap door .

10. Sports. an act or instance of trapping a ball.

11. Also called mousetrap, trap play . Football. a play in which a defensive player, usually a guard or tackle, is allowed by the team on offense to cross the line of scrimmage into the backfield and is then blocked out from the side, thereby letting the ball-carrier run through the opening in the line.

12. Slang. mouth: Keep your trap shut.

13. Chiefly Brit. a carriage, esp. a light, two-wheeled one.

v.t.

14. to catch in a trap; ensnare: to trap foxes.

15. to catch by stratagem, artifice, or trickery.

16. to furnish or set with traps.

17. to provide (a drain or the like) with a trap.

18. to stop and hold by a trap, as air in a pipe.

19. Sports. to catch (a ball) as it rises after having just hit the ground.

20. Football. to execute a trap against (a defensive player).

v.i.

21. to set traps for game: He was busy trapping.

22. to engage in the business of trapping animals for their furs.

23. Trapshooting , Skeet. to work the trap.

[ bef. 1000; ME trappe (n.), trappen (v.), OE traeppe (n.), c. MD trappe (D trap ) trap, step, staircase; akin to OE treppan to tread, G Treppe staircase ]

Syn. 1, 2. TRAP, PITFALL, SNARE apply to literal or figurative contrivances for deceiving and catching animals or people. Literally, a TRAP is a mechanical contrivance for catching animals, the main feature usually being a spring: a trap baited with cheese for mice. Figuratively, TRAP suggests the scheme of one person to take another by surprise and thereby gain an advantage: a trap for the unwary.

A PITFALL is (usually) a concealed pit arranged for the capture of large animals or of people who may fall into it; figuratively, it is any concealed danger, error, or source of disaster: to avoid the pitfalls of life. A SNARE is a device for entangling birds, rabbits, etc., with intent to capture; figuratively, it implies enticement and inveiglement: the temptress' snare.

trap 2

/trap/ , n. , v. , trapped, trapping .

n.

1. traps , Informal. personal belongings; baggage.

v.t.

2. to furnish with or as with trappings; caparison.

[ 1300-50; ME trappe (n.), trappen (v.) ]

trap 3

/trap/ , n. Geol.

any of various fine-grained, dark-colored igneous rocks having a more or less columnar structure, esp. some form of basalt. Also called traprock .

[ 1785-95; trapp, var. of trappa stair (so named from the stepped appearance of their outcrops) trappe. See TRAP 1 ]

trap 4

/trap/ , n. Scot.

a ladder or ladderlike device used to reach a loft, attic, etc.

[ 1750-60; 1 ]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .