Meaning of AL SAUD in English

AL SAUD

or 0100; l Sa 02BD; 016B; d ("Sa 02BD; 016B; d family")

Rulers of present-day Saudi Arabia .

In the 18th century Mu 1E25; ammad ibn Sa 02BD; 016B; d (d. 1765), chief of an Arabian village that had never fallen under control of the Ottoman Empire, rose to power together with the Wahh 0101; b 012B; religious movement. He and his son 02BD; Abd al- 02BD; Az 012B; z I (r. 1764–1803) conquered much of Arabia; Sa 02BD; 016B; d I (r. 1803–14) conquered Medina in 1804 and Mecca in 1806. The Ottoman sultan induced the viceroy of Egypt to crush the Sa 02BD; 016B; d 012B; s and Wahh 0101; b 012B; s, which was accomplished by 1818. A second Sa 02BD; 016B; d 012B; state was formed in 1824 by Mu 1E25; ammad ibn Sa 02BD; 016B; d's grandson Turk 012B; (r. 1823–34), who made Riyadh his capital. When Turk 012B; 's son Fay 1E63; al (r. 1843–65) died, succession disputes led to civil war. Power did not return to Sa 02BD; 016B; d 012B; hands until 1902, when Ibn Sa 016B; d recaptured Riyadh. He established the kingdom of Saudi Arabia by royal decree in 1932. One of his sons, Fahd (b. 1923), became the country's ruler in 1982.

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.