Meaning of ARCHITECTURE in English


Art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the skills associated with construction.

The practice of architecture emphasizes spatial relationships, orientation , the support of activities to be carried out within a designed environment, and the arrangement and visual rhythm of structural elements, as opposed to the design of structural systems themselves (see civil engineering ). Appropriateness, uniqueness, a sensitive and innovative response to functional requirements, and a sense of place within its surrounding physical and social context distinguish a built environment as representative of a culture's architecture. See also building construction .

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.