Meaning of GLUTAMIC ACID in English

GLUTAMIC ACID

One of the nonessential amino acids , closely related to glutamine .

The two constitute a substantial fraction of the amino acids in many protein s (10–20% in many cases and up to 45% in some plant proteins). An important metabolic intermediate as well as a neurotransmitter molecule in the central nervous system, glutamic acid finds uses in medicine and biochemical research. Its sodium salt is the food flavour enhancer monosodium glutamate (MSG).

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.