Meaning of JAKARTA in English


formerly (1949–72) Djakarta

Capital (pop., 1999 est.: 9,604,900) and largest city of Indonesia.

Located on the northwestern coast of Java , it was founded in 1527 after the sultan of Bantam defeated the Portuguese on the site. The Dutch took control in 1619, renaming it Batavia and establishing it as the headquarters of the Dutch East India Company. In 1949 the city was renamed and made Indonesia's capital. It grew rapidly, soon becoming one of the world's most populous cities. A major trade, industrial, and financial centre, it is also the seat of several universities.

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.      Краткая энциклопедия Британика.