Meaning of MORTAR in English
Material used in building construction to bond brick, stone, tile, or concrete blocks into a structure.
The ancient Romans are credited with its invention. Mortar consists of sand mixed with cement and water. The resulting substance must be sufficiently flexible to flow slightly but not collapse under the weight of the masonry units. Before the 19th-century invention of portland cement , masons used thin joints of lime mortar, which required greater precision than the thicker joints of portland-cement mortar and were not as strong. For tilework, a very thin mortar called grout is used. Pointing is the process of finishing a masonry joint.
Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Краткая энциклопедия Британика. 2012