Meaning of OIL in English


Any greasy substance liquid at room temperature and insoluble in water.

It may be a fixed (nonvolatile) oil, an essential oil , or a mineral oil (see petroleum ). Fixed oils and fat s (derived from animals and plants) have the same chemical composition

both are ester s of glycerol and fatty acid s. These oils have a variety of industrial and food uses. Linseed, tung, and other drying oils are highly unsaturated (see saturation ); these and large quantities of soybean, sunflower, and safflower oils (also constituents of foods) are used in paints and varnishes. When exposed to air they absorb oxygen and polymerize (see polymerization ), forming a tough coating. Some specialty oils and oil derivatives are also used in leather dressing and textile manufacture.


[c mediumvioletred] (as used in expressions)

crude oil

castor oil plant

cod liver oil

essential oil

Gulf Oil Corp.

Millikan oil drop experiment

oil painting

oil seal

oil shale

shale oil

Standard Oil Company and Trust

{{link=oil of vitriol">oil of vitriol

Anglo Persian Oil Co. Ltd.

Britannica English dictionary.      Английский словарь Британика.