Meaning of HAR RAI in English

born 1630, Punjab, India died 1661, Punjab seventh Sikh Guru, whose administration marked a period of decline in the fortunes of the Sikh community. Unlike his grandfather, the great military Guru Hargobind, Har Rai was a man of peace, ill-suited to resist Mughal oppression. The contemplative Har Rai spent more time in spiritual exercises than in administrative or military duties, and he knew little about wielding political power. Sikh missionary activity declined, and his prolonged exile from the mainstream of Sikh life weakened a people who took heart at the sight of their leader. Thus, serious internal opposition to him arose. His first political blunder was to help Dara Shikoh, brother of the reigning Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, foment rebellion. Har Rai maintained that as a true Sikh he had simply helped a man who needed help. When Aurangzeb summoned him to explain his extraordinary conduct, Har Rai sent his son Ram Rai to represent him. Legend has it that Ram Rai worked many miracles at the court but finally had to win pardon for his father by altering a line of text in the Sikh scripture, the Adi Granth, to appease the Emperor. Guru Har Rai never forgave his son for this blasphemy and shortly before his death passed over Ram Rai as his successor in favour of his five-year-old son, Hari Krishen.

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