Meaning of STATISTICS: ANGOLA in English

STATISTICS: ANGOLA

Angola Official name: Repblica de Angola (Republic of Angola). Form of government: unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house (National Assembly ){1}. Head of state and government: President{2}. Capital: Luanda. Official language: Portuguese. Official religion: none. Monetary unit: 1 readjusted Kwanza{3} = 100 lwei; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = readjusted Kwanza 257,100; 1 = readjusted Kwanza 437,800. Demography Population (1998): 10,865,000. Density (1997): persons per sq mi 22.6, persons per sq km 8.7. Urban-rural (1996): urban 31.6%; rural 68.4%. Sex distribution (1997): male 50.41%; female 49.59%. Age breakdown (1997): under 15, 44.7%; 15-29, 25.8%; 30-44, 15.8%; 45-59, 8.9%; 60 and over, 4.8%. Population projection: (2000) 11,487,000; (2010) 14,932,000. Doubling time: 26 years. Ethnic composition (1983): Ovimbundu 37.2%; Mbundu 21.6%; Kongo 13.2%; Luimbe-Nganguela 5.4%; Nyaneka-Humbe 5.4%; Chokwe 4.2%; Luvale (Luena) 3.6%; Luchazi 2.4%; Ambo (Ovambo) 2.4%; Lunda 1.2%; Mbunda 1.2%; other 2.2%. Religious affiliation (1995): Christian 70.1%, of which Roman Catholic 50.7%, Protestant 14.6%; traditional beliefs 29.9%. Major cities (1995): Luanda 2,081,000; Huambo 203,000{4}; Benguela 155,000{4}; Lobito 150,000{4}; Lubango 105,000{5}. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1996): 44.6 (world avg. 25.0). Death rate per 1,000 population (1996): 17.7 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 26.9 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1996): 6.3. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1972): 4.5. Life expectancy at birth (1996): male 44.7 years; female 49.1 years. Major causes of death (percentage of total deaths; 1990): diarrheal diseases 25.8%; malaria 19.4%; cholera 7.3%; acute respiratory infections 6.8%. National economy Budget (1997). Revenue: NKz 694,600,000,000{3} (1994; tax revenue 98.4%, of which income taxes 71.8%, petroleum taxes 19.0%, import duties 4.3%; nontax revenue 1.6%). Expenditures: NKz 521,300,000,000{3} (1994; defense and internal security 56.5%; administration 29.0%; health 3.4%; education 2.6%; other 8.5%). Public debt (external, outstanding; 1996): U.S.$9,400,000,000. Tourism: receipts (1994) U.S.$13,000,000; expenditures (1993) U.S.$66,000,000. Household income and expenditure. Average household size (1980) 4.8; annual income per household: n.a.; sources of income: n.a.; expenditure: n.a. Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): cassava 2,500,000, corn (maize) 398,000, sugarcane 330,000, bananas 295,000, sweet potatoes 190,000, dry beans 175,000, millet 102,000, palm oil 52,000, peanuts (groundnuts) 23,000, coffee 5,000; livestock (number of live animals) 3,309,000 cattle, 1,470,000 goats, 810,000 pigs, 245,000 sheep, 6,500,000 chickens; roundwood (1995) 7,005,000 cu m; fish catch (1995) 93,847. Mining and quarrying (1994): diamonds 1,350,000 carats. Manufacturing (1994): bread 15,082; wheat flour 4,496; sugar 3,190{6}; pasta 3,190{6}; corn flour 2,513; laundry soap 530; leather shoes 132,000 pairs{6}; beer 123,300 hectolitres; soft drinks 69,050 hectolitres{5}; fabric 3,038,000 sq m; matches 6,357,000 boxes{5}. Construction (value in NKz '000,000{3}; 1986): residential 608; nonresidential 1,977. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1992) 1,855,000,000 (1,855,000,000); coal, none (none); crude petroleum (barrels; 1992) 192,634,000 (10,373,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1992) 1,317,000 (346,000); natural gas (cu m; 1992) 166,576,000 (166,576,000). Gross national product (1996): U.S.$2,972,000,000 (U.S.$270 per capita). Population economically active (1991): total 4,166,000; activity rate of total population 40.3% (participation rates over age 10, 60.1%; female 38.4%). Land use (1995): forested 18.5%; meadows and pastures 43.3%; agricultural and under permanent cultivation 2.8%; other 35.4%. Foreign trade Imports (1995): U.S.$1,700,000,000 (1991; current consumption goods 50.2%, capital goods 20.2%, intermediate consumption goods 18.9%, transport equipment 6.8%). Major import sources (1991): Portugal 29.8%; U.S. 10.5%; France 9.7%; Japan 7.8%; Brazil 7.3%. Exports (1995): U.S.$3,880,000,000 (mineral fuels 74.6%, diamonds 2.5%). Major export destinations (1991): U.S. 56.6%; Germany 5.6%; Brazil 4.9%; The Netherlands 4.2%; U.K. 3.4%; Belgium 3.3%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1988): route length 1,739 mi, 2,798 km; passenger-mi 203,000,000, passenger-km 326,000,000; short ton-mi cargo 1,178,000,000, metric ton-km cargo 1,720,000,000. Roads (1995): total length 45,128 mi, 72,626 km (paved 25%). Vehicles (1995): passenger cars 197,000; trucks and buses 26,000. Merchant marine (1992): vessels (100 gross tons and over) 113; total deadweight tonnage 123,479. Air transport (1993){7}: passenger-mi 589,000,000, passenger-km 948,000,000; short ton-mi cargo 77,000,000, metric ton-km cargo 113,000,000; airports (1997) with scheduled flights 17. Education and health Educational attainment: n.a. Literacy (1990): percentage of population age 15 and over literate 41.7%; males literate 55.6%; females literate 28.5%. Health (1990): physicians 662 (1 per 15,136 persons); hospital beds 11,857 (1 per 845 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (1995) 142.1. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 1,927 (vegetable products 93%, animal products 7%); 82% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1997): 98,000 (army 89.5%, navy 1.4%, air force 9.1%). Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1995): 3.1% (world 2.8%); per capita expenditure U.S.$22. {1} National unity government of the two major political parties sworn in April 11, 1997, became ineffective on Aug. 31, 1998, when 70 UNITA members were expelled from the National Assembly. {2} President assisted by Prime Minister. {3} In July 1995 a readjusted Kwanza, equivalent to 1,000 New Kwanza (NKz) was introduced; previously in September 1990 the Kwanza (Kz) was replaced at par, by the New Kwanza (NKz). {4} 1983. {5} 1984. {6} 1989. {7} TAAG Airline only.

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