Meaning of STATISTICS: AUSTRIA in English

STATISTICS: AUSTRIA

Austria Official name: Republik sterreich (Republic of Austria). Form of government: federal state with two legislative houses (Federal Council ; National Council ). Chief of state: President. Head of government: Chancellor. Capital: Vienna. Official language: German. Official religion: none. Monetary unit: 1 Austrian Schilling (S) = 100 Groschen; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = S 11.76; 1 = S 20.02. Demography Population (1998): 8,070,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 249.2, persons per sq km 96.2. Urban-rural (1991): urban 64.5%; rural 35.5%. Sex distribution (1995): male 48.50%; female 51.50%. Age breakdown (1995): under 15, 17.5%; 15-29, 21.4%; 30-44, 23.2%; 45-59, 18.1%; 60-74, 13.6%; 75 and over, 6.2%. Population projection: (2000) 8,080,000; (2010) 8,115,000. Doubling time: not applicable; population is stable. Ethnic composition (national origin; 1991): Austrian 93.4%; citizens of former Yugoslavia 2.5%; Turkish 1.5%; German 0.7%; other 1.9%. Religious affiliation (1995): Roman Catholic 75.1%; nonreligious and atheist 8.6%; Protestant (mostly Lutheran) 5.4%; Muslim 2.1%; Eastern Orthodox 0.7%; Jewish 0.1%; other 1.9%; unknown 6.1%. Major cities (1991): Vienna 1,539,848; Graz 237,810; Linz 203,044; Salzburg 143,978; Innsbruck 118,112. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1996): 10.8 (world avg. 25.0); (1995) legitimate 72.6%; illegitimate 27.4%. Death rate per 1,000 population (1996): 9.9 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 0.9 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1996): 1.5. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1995): 5.3. Divorce rate per 1,000 population (1995): 2.3. Life expectancy at birth (1995): male 73.5 years; female 80.1 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1995): diseases of the circulatory system 539.9; malignant neoplasms (cancers) 243.5. National economy Budget (1994). Revenue: S 819,990,000,000 (tax revenue 90.8%, of which social security contributions 38.8%, individual income taxes 17.2%, value-added taxes 14.9%). Expenditures: S 915,900,000,000 (social security and welfare 46.4%; health 13.5%; education 9.6%; defense 2.2%). National debt (end of year 1996): U.S.$127,440,000,000. Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1995): sugar beets 2,886,000, corn (maize) 1,474,000, barley 1,065,000, wheat 1,301,000, potatoes 724,000, apples 324,000, rye 314,000, grapes 290,000, rapeseed 263,000, pears 124,000; livestock (number of live animals) 3,706,000 pigs, 2,326,000 cattle, 13,157,000 chickens; roundwood (1995) 14,405,000 cu m; fish catch (1995) 4,458. Mining and quarrying (1995): iron ore 2,107,000; magnesite 783,000; high-grade graphite 12,000. Manufacturing (value added in S '000,000,000; 1994): electrical machinery and apparatus 47.1; nonelectrical machinery and apparatus 37.3; beverages and tobacco products 31.0; chemicals and chemical products 26.8; fabricated metals 24.9; transport equipment 23.9. Construction (completed in S '000,000,000; 1994): residential 31.1; nonresidential 28.9. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1995) 56,587,000,000 (54,077,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1994) 1,391,000 ( 4,651,000); crude petroleum (barrels; 1995) 7,309,000 ( 65,465,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 8,460,000 (10,330,000); natural gas (cu m; 1995) 1,482,000,000 (7,193,000,000). Tourism (U.S.$'000,000; 1996): receipts U.S.$13,821; expenditures U.S.$12,105. Population economically active (1995): total 3,808,000; activity rate of total population 47.3% (participation rates: ages 15-64 69.3%; female 41.8%; unemployed 7.0%). Gross national product (at current market prices; 1996): U.S.$226,510,000,000 (U.S.$28,110 per capita). Household income and expenditure. Average household size (1995) 2.5; net median income per household (1993) S 291,930 (U.S.$25,110); expenditure (1993): food and beverages 17.4%, transportation 16.3%, housing 14.5%, cafe and hotel expenditures 10.7%. Land use (1994): forested 39.2%; meadows and pastures 24.3%; agricultural and under permanent cultivation 18.3%; other 18.2%. Foreign trade{1} Imports (1995): S 668,000,000,000 (machinery and transport equipment 36.9%, of which road vehicles 11.4%, electrical machinery and apparatus 6.6%; chemicals and related products 10.7%; food products 5.3%; clothing 4.7%). Major import sources: Germany 43.6%; Italy 8.8%; France 4.9%; United States 4.2%; Switzerland 3.8%; The Netherlands 3.4%. Exports (1995): S 580,000,000,000 (machinery and transport equipment 39.0%, of which electrical machinery and apparatus 7.5%, road vehicles 7.3%; chemical products 9.2%; paper and paper products 6.3%; iron and steel 5.7%). Major export destinations: Germany 38.4%; Italy 8.8%; Switzerland 5.4%; France 4.4%; Hungary 3.6%; United Kingdom 3.3%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1995){2}: length 5,672 km; passenger-km 10,476,000,000; (1996) metric ton-km cargo 13,908,000,000. Roads (1995): total length 130,023 km (paved 100%). Vehicles (1995): passenger cars 3,593,588; trucks and buses 300,042. Air transport{3} (1995): passenger-km 7,566,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 175,595,000; airports (1996) with scheduled flights 6. Education and health Educational attainment (1993). Percentage of population age 25 and over having: lower-secondary education 37.5%; vocational education ending at secondary level 44.6%; completed upper secondary 6.1%; higher vocational 5.5%; higher 6.3%. Literacy: virtually 100%. Health (1996): physicians 27,869{4} (1 per 289 persons); hospital beds 68,641 (1 per 117 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births 5.0. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 3,417 (vegetable products 65%, animal products 35%); 130% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1996): 55,800 (army 92.3%; navy, none; air force 7.7%). Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1994): 1.0% (world 3.0%); per capita expenditure U.S.$232. {1} Imports c.i.f., exports f.o.b. {2} Federal railways only. {3} Austrian Airlines, Lauda Air, and Tyrolean Airways. {4} Includes 6,506 doctors in training.

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