Meaning of STATISTICS: EL SALVADOR in English

STATISTICS: EL SALVADOR

El Salvador Official name: Repblica de El Salvador (Republic of El Salvador). Form of government: republic with one legislative house (Legislative Assembly ). Chief of state and government: President. Capital: San Salvador. Official language: Spanish. Official religion: none{1}. Monetary unit: 1 coln ( ) = 100 centavos; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = 8.76; 1 = 14.91. Demography Population (1998): 5,752,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 708.0, persons per sq km 273.4. Urban-rural (1994): urban 54.8%; rural 45.2%. Sex distribution (1993): male 47.53%; female 52.47%. Age breakdown (1993): under 15, 39.9%; 15-29, 27.1%; 30-44, 15.4%; 45-59, 9.7%; 60 and over, 7.9%. Population projection: (2000) 5,925,000; (2010) 6,850,000. Doubling time: 33 years. Ethnic composition (1993): mestizo (white and Indian) 89.0%; Amerindian 10.0%; white 1.0%. Religious affiliation (1995): Roman Catholic 78.2%; Protestant 17.1%, of which Pentecostal 13.3%; other Christian 1.9%; other 2.8%. Major cities (1992){2}: San Salvador 422,570 (metro area 1,522,126); Soyapango 251,811{3}; Santa Ana 202,337; San Miguel 182,817; Mejicanos 145,000{3}. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1996): 27.7 (world avg. 25.0). Death rate per 1,000 population (1996): 6.6 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 21.1 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1996): 3.2. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1992): 4.3. Divorce rate per 1,000 population (1992): 0.5. Life expectancy at birth (1996): male 65.5 years; female 72.4 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1991){4}: diseases of the circulatory system 109; violence 66; accidents 62; malignant neoplasms (cancers) 44; infectious and parasitic diseases 39; ill-defined conditions 74. National economy Budget. Revenue (1995): 10,535,000,000 (sales taxes 43.5%, income taxes 26.6%, import duties 16.9%, nontax revenue 5.5%). Expenditures (1994): 10,264,300,000 (general public services 13.2%, education 13.2%, police 9.8%, fuel and energy 9.1%, health 8.3%, defense 8.1%). Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): sugarcane 3,900,000, corn (maize) 639,600, sorghum 198,600, coffee 126,000, bananas 62,700, rice 50,500, dry beans 50,500, oranges 41,500, tobacco 1,240; livestock (number of live animals) 1,286,000 cattle, 400,000 pigs, roundwood (1994) 6,504,000 cu m; fish catch (1995) 15,812, of which crustaceans (1994) 4,844. Mining and quarrying (1993): limestone 2,600,000 metric tons. Manufacturing (value added in '000,000{5}; 1995): food products 2,807; chemical products 854; beverages 837; textiles 738; petroleum products 668; nonmetallic mineral products 493; metallic products 471. Construction (buildings completed; 1993): residential 650,000 sq m; nonresidential 296,000 sq m. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 3,324,000,000 (3,415,000,000); coal, none (none); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) none (7,469,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 985,000 (1,343,000). Household income and expenditure. Average household size (1992-93): 4.8; average income per household (1992-93): 22,930 (U.S.$2,562); expenditure (1990-91){6}: food and beverages 37.0%, housing 12.1%, transportation and communications 10.2%, clothing and footwear 6.7%. Population economically active (1995): total 2,136,400; activity rate of total population 39.1% (participation rates: ages 15-64, 62.9%; female 37.1%; unemployed 7.6%). Gross national product (at current market prices; 1996): U.S.$9,868,000,000 (U.S.$1,700 per capita). Public debt (external, outstanding; 1996): U.S.$2,297,000,000. Tourism (1995): receipts U.S.$75,000,000; expenditures U.S.$72,000,000. Land use (1994): forested 5.0%; meadows and pastures 29.5%; agricultural and under permanent cultivation 35.2%; other 30.3%. Foreign trade{7} Imports (1994): U.S.$2,261,600,000 (chemicals and chemical products 16.5%, transport equipment 12.4%, food and beverages 11.7%, nonelectrical machinery and equipment 11.6%). Major import sources: U.S. 41.5%; Guatemala 10.7%; Japan 6.3%; Venezuela 6.1%; Mexico 4.7%. Exports (1994): U.S.$812,700,000 (coffee 32.5%, paper and paper products 7.0%, clothing 4.6%, pharmaceuticals 4.2%, raw sugar 4.2%). Major export destinations: U.S. 22.6%; Guatemala 21.9%; Germany 14.9%; Costa Rica 8.9%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1995): route length 562 km; (1994) passenger-km 5,540,000; (1994) metric ton-km cargo 29,640,000. Roads (1995): total length 12,320 km (paved 14%). Vehicles (1995): passenger cars 102,000; trucks and buses 159,700. Air transport (1994){8}: passenger-km 1,978,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 14,333,000; airports (1997) with scheduled flights 1. Education and health Educational attainment (1992): Percentage of population over age 25 having: no formal schooling 34.7%; incomplete primary education 37.6%; complete primary{9} 10.8%; secondary 9.4%; higher technical 2.4%; incomplete undergraduate 1.1%; complete undergraduate 2.9%; other/unknown 1.1%. Literacy (1992): total population age 15 and over literate, 2,326,800 (74.1%); males literate, 1,141,007 (77.4%); females literate, 1,185,793 (71.3%). Health (1993): physicians 4,525 (1 per 1,219 persons); hospital beds 9,379 (1 per 588 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (1996) 31.5. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 2,577 (vegetable products 89%, animal products 11%); 113% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1996): 28,400 (army 90.5%, navy 3.9%, air force 5.6%). Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1995): 1.1% (world 2.8%); per capita expenditure U.S.$18. {1} Roman Catholicism, although not official, enjoys special recognition in the constitution. {2} Population of municipios (second-order administrative units). {3} Within San Salvador metropolitan area. {4} Projected rates based on about 80% of total deaths. {5} At constant price of 1990. {6} 536,628 urban households only. {7} Imports c.i.f., exports f.o.b. {8} Taca airlines only. {9} Education completed through ninth grade.

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