Meaning of STATISTICS: HONG KONG in English

STATISTICS: HONG KONG

Hong Kong Official name: Hsiang Kang (Chinese); Hong Kong (English){1}. Political status: Special Administrative Region{2} (People's Republic of China) with one legislative house (Legislative Council ). Head of state and government: Chief Executive. Capital: None{4}. Official languages: Chinese; English{1}. Official religion: none. Monetary unit: 1 Hong Kong dollar (HK$) = 100 cents; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = HK$7.75; 1 = HK$13.19. Demography Population (1998): 6,660,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 15,796.3, persons per sq km 6,099.2. Urban-rural (1997): urban 100.0%. Sex distribution (1996): male 50.06%; female 49.94%. Age breakdown (1996){5}: under 15, 18.9%; 15-29, 22.4%; 30-44, 29.4%; 45-59, 15.1%; 60-74, 10.5%; 75 and over, 3.7%. Population projection: (2000) 6,833,000; (2010) 7,701,000. Doubling time: not applicable; doubling time exceeds 100 years. Linguistic composition (1991){6}: Chinese 96.8%, of which Cantonese 88.7%; English 2.2%; other 1.0%. Religious affiliation (1997): predominantly Buddhist and Taoist; however, there are about 260,000 Protestants (1994), 254,100 Roman Catholics, 50,000 Muslims, and 12,000 Hindus. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1996): 10.0 (world avg. 25.0); (1985) legitimate 94.5%; illegitimate 5.5%. Death rate per 1,000 population (1996): 4.9 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 5.1 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1995): 1.1. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1996): 5.9. Life expectancy at birth (1996): male 75.9 years; female 81.5 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1996): malignant neoplasms (cancers) 156.1; diseases of the circulatory system 131.3; diseases of the respiratory system 96.6; accidents and poisoning 26.2; diseases of the digestive system 21.6; diseases of the genitourinary system 18.6. National economy Budget (1996-97). Revenue: HK$202,276,000,000 (earning and profit taxes 40.6%; indirect taxes 24.8%, of which entertainment and stamp duties 15.1%, duties 4.1%; capital revenue 18.4%). Expenditures: HK$217,194,000,000 (education 18.0%; housing 11.9%; health 11.5%; transportation and public works 11.1%; law and order 9.2%; social welfare 8.3%; culture and recreation 5.1%). Gross domestic product (1996): U.S.$153,288,000,000 (U.S.$24,290 per capita). Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): vegetables 76,000, fruits and nuts 5,230, field crops 660, milk 439, eggs 30,600,000 units; livestock (number of live animals) 288,000 pigs{7}, 270 cattle, 3,290,000 chickens; roundwood (1995) 200,000 cu m; fish catch 175,130. Manufacturing (value added in HK$; 1994): wearing apparel 13,515,000,000; electrical and electronic products 12,621,000,000; textiles 11,595,000,000; publishing and printed material 9,949,000,000; basic metals and fabricated metal products 5,547,000,000; plastic products 2,495,000,000. Construction (1996): residential 819,000 sq m; nonresidential 1,067,000 sq m. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 26,741,000,000 (33,236,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1994) none (8,450,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) none (4,472,000). Population economically active (1996): total 3,093,800; activity rate of total population 49.0% (participation rates: over age 15, 61.8%; female 47.8%; unemployed 2.8%). Tourism (1995): receipts from visitors U.S.$9,314,000,000. Household income and expenditure. Average household size (1996) 3.2; monthly income per household (1996) HK$17,500 (U.S.$2,300); sources of income: n.a.; expenditure (1994-95): food 29.5%, housing 28.8%, transportation and vehicles 7.8%, clothing and footwear 6.7%, durable goods 5.5%. Land use (1995): forested 20.1%; agricultural and under permanent cultivation 5.8%; fishponds 1.5%; built-on, scrublands, and other 72.6%. Foreign trade Imports (1996): HK$1,537,013,000,000 (machinery and transport equipment 37.0%, of which electrical machinery 12.7%, telecommunications equipment 9.2%; textile yarn and fabrics 8.3%; chemicals and other related products 6.9%; apparel and accessories 6.9%). Major import sources: China 37.1%; Japan 13.6%; Taiwan 8.0%; U.S. 7.9%; Singapore 5.3%; South Korea 4.8%. Exports (1996): HK$212,160,000,000{8} (clothing accessories and apparel 32.7%; electrical machinery 14.3%; watches and clocks 7.1%; textile fabrics 6.5%; office and automatic data-processing machines 6.2%; telecommunications equipment 4.0%; articles of artificial resins and plastics 2.7%; metal products 2.7%; paper and paper products 1.4%). Major export destinations: China 29.0%; U.S. 25.4%; Germany 5.4%; Japan 5.3%; U.K. 5.0%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1995): route length 21 mi, 34 km; passenger-mi 2,231,000,000, passenger-km 3,591,000,000; short ton-mi cargo 68,000,000{9}, metric ton-km cargo 99,000,000{9}. Roads (1996): total length 1,083 mi, 1,743 km (paved 100%). Vehicles (1996): passenger cars 325,131; trucks and buses 142,446. Air transport (1996): passenger arrivals 11,692,404, passenger departures 11,785,771; airports (1997) with scheduled flights 1. Education and health Educational attainment (1996). Percentage of population age 15 and over having: no formal schooling 9.5%; primary education 22.6%; secondary 46.6%; matriculation 6.1%; nondegree higher 4.8%; higher degree 10.4%. Literacy (1995): total population age 15 and over literate 92.2%; males literate 96.0%; females literate 88.2%. Health (1996): physicians 9,196{10} (1 per 686 persons); hospital beds 29,956 (1 per 211 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births 4.1. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 3,285 (vegetable products 68%, animal products 32%); 143% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1996): 850{11} (army 53.0%, navy 23.5%, air force 23.5%). {1} English may also be used as an official language by executive authorities, legislature, and judiciary of Hong Kong. {2} On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong reverted to China as a Special Administrative Region in which the existing socioeconomic system would remain unchanged for a period of 50 years. {3} Includes 30 nonelective seats. The 60-seat provisional legislative body will be replaced with a permanent legislature by June 30, 1998. {4} Victoria, for some time, had been regarded as the capital because it had been the seat of the British administration of the Crown Colony. {5} Excludes transients and Vietnamese refugees. {6} Excludes about 59,000 Vietnamese refugees, about 1% of the population. {7} Excludes local pigs not slaughtered in abattoirs. {8} Excludes reexports valued at HK$1,1,85,758,000,000. {9} 1994. {10} Registered personnel; all may not be present and working in the country. {11} British forces with a few locally enlisted personnel.

Britannica English vocabulary.      Английский словарь Британика.