Meaning of STATISTICS: TAJIKISTAN in English

STATISTICS: TAJIKISTAN

Tajikistan Official name: Jumhurii Tojikistan (Republic of Tajikistan). Form of government: parliamentary republic with one legislative house (Supreme Council ). Chief of state: President. Head of government: Prime Minister. Capital: Dushanbe. Official language: Tajik (Tojik). Official religion: none. Monetary unit: 1 Tajik ruble; valuation (Oct. 2, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = 754 Tajik rubles; 1 = 1,284 Tajik rubles. Demography Population (1997): 6,112,000. Density (1997): persons per sq mi 110.5, persons per sq km 42.7. Urban-rural (1995): urban 28.3%; rural 71.7%. Sex distribution (1996): male 51.22%; female 48.78%. Age breakdown (1989): under 15, 42.9%; 15-29, 28.1%; 30-44, 13.8%; 45-59, 9.0%; 60-74, 4.6%; 75 and over, 1.6%. Population projection: (2000) 6,303,000; (2010) 7,497,000. Doubling time: 35 years. Ethnic composition (1991): Tajik 62.2%; Uzbek 23.1%; Russian 9.7%; Tatar 1.4%; Kyrgyz 1.3%; Ukrainian 0.7%; German 0.3%; other 1.3%. Religious affiliation (1995): Sunni Muslim 80.0%; Shi'i Muslim 5.0%; Russian Orthodox 1.5%; Jewish 0.1%; other (mostly nonreligious) 13.4%. Major cities (1989): Dushanbe 582,400; Khujand (formerly Leninabad) 164,500; Kulob 79,300; Qurghonteppa 58,400; Urateppa 47,700. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1996): 33.8 (1994; world avg. 25.0); (1994) legitimate 90.8%; illegitimate 9.2%. Death rate per 1,000 population (1996): 8.4 (1994; world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 25.4 (1994; world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1996): 4.4. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1994): 6.8. Divorce rate per 1,000 population (1994): 0.8. Life expectancy at birth (1995): male 64.4 years; female 70.4 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1993): diseases of the circulatory system 225.5; violence, poisoning, and accidents 184.0; diseases of the respiratory system 160.6; infectious and parasitic diseases 129.9; malignant neoplasms (cancers) 42.3; diseases of the digestive system 20.9. National economy Budget (1994). Revenue: 772,243,000,000 Tajik rubles (tax revenue 94.0%,of which domestic taxes 47.5%, income and profit taxes 35.8%, propertytaxes 8.7%, duties 7.5%; other 6.0%). Expenditures: 945,245,000,000Tajik rubles (national economy 43.0%, social welfare and culture 30.0%, defense 4.0%). Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1995): grain 206,200, vegetables 156,200, milk 76,100, eggs 31,100, potatoes 24,700; livestock (number of live animals) 2,930,000 sheep and goats, 1,147,000 cattle, 6,000 pigs, 1,200,000 poultry; roundwood, n.a.; fish catch (1995) 3,900. Mining and quarrying (1995): aluminum 500,000; lead 2,500; antimony 2,000. Manufacturing (value of production in '000,000 Tajik rubles; 1994): ferrous and nonferrous metals 604,705; textiles 496,481; energy 330,078; food products 163,559; machinery 77,331; chemical products 68,892; construction materials 66,306. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 17,000,000,000 (1993; 17,200,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1994) 150,000 (59,500); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) 219,900 (1992; 279,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) n.a. (305,500); natural gas (cu m; 1994) 40,000,000 (994,500). Public debt (external, outstanding; 1996): U.S.$671,700,000. Tourism: receipts from visitors, n.a.; expenditures by nationals abroad, n.a. Population economically active (1995): total 1,783,000; activity rate of total population 30.7% (participation rates: ages 16-59 , 16-54 67.8%; female 38.0%; unemployed 27.0%). Gross national product (1996): U.S.$1,964,000,000 (U.S.$340 per capita). Household income and expenditure. Average household size (1989) 6.1; (1995) income per household: 18,744 Tajik rubles (U.S.$114); sources of income (1995): wages and salaries 34.5%, self-employment 34.0%, borrowing 2.4%, pension 2.0%, other 27.1%; expenditure: food 81.5%, clothing 10.2%, transport 2.5%, fuel 2.1%, other 3.7%. Land use (1994): forest 3.8%; pasture 24.8%; agriculture 6.0%; other 65.4%. Foreign trade Imports (1995): U.S.$628,000,000 (alumina 29.0%, petroleum products 13.0%, agricultural products 12.0%, natural gas 11.0%). Major import sources (1993): Uzbekistan 33.5%; Russia 24.4%; Turkmenistan 15.9%; Kazakstan 13.2%; Lithuania 5.5%; Ukraine 5.5%. Exports (1995): U.S.$657,000,000 (aluminum 59.0%, cotton fibre 32.0%). Major export destinations (1993): Russia 42.0%; Uzbekistan 20.6%; Lithuania 12.4%; Kazakstan 9.2%; Ukraine 4.6%; Latvia 3.1%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1995): length 294.5 mi, 474.0 km; (1990) passenger-mi 6,094,400,000, passenger-km 9,808,000,000; short ton-mi cargo 7,617,000,000, metric ton-km cargo 11,121,000,000. Roads (1994): total length (state roads) 8,098 mi, 13,034 km (paved 28%). Vehicles (1994): passenger cars 184,900; trucks and buses, 3,600. Merchant marine: vessels (100 gross tons and over) n.a.; total deadweight tonnage, n.a. Air transport (1989): passenger-mi 3,214,600,000, passenger-km 5,173,400,000; short ton-mi cargo 22,124,000, metric ton-km cargo 32,300,000; airports (1997) with scheduled flights 1. Education and health Educational attainment (1989). Percentage of population age 25 and over having: primary education or no formal schooling 16.3%; some secondary 21.1%; completed secondary and some postsecondary 55.1%; higher 7.5%. Literacy (1989): percentage of total population age 15 and over literate 97.7%; males literate 98.8%; females literate 96.6%. Health (1995): physicians 13,084 (1 per 443 persons); hospital beds 50,637 (1 per 115 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (1994) 42.7. Food: daily per capita caloric intake (mid-1990s) 1,400 (vegetable products 88%, animal products 12%); 55% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1997): 7,000 (army 100%); more than 6,000 Russian troops remained in Tajikistan in late 1997. Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1995): 1.0% (world 2.8%); per capita expenditure U.S.$36.

Britannica English vocabulary.      Английский словарь Британика.