Meaning of STATISTICS: UGANDA in English

STATISTICS: UGANDA

Uganda Official name: Republic of Uganda. Form of government: republic with one legislative house (National Assembly ){2}. Head of state and government: President. Capital: Kampala. Official language: English. Official religion: none. Monetary unit: 1 Uganda shilling (U Sh) = 100 cents; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = U Sh 1,275; 1 = U Sh 2,171. Demography Population (1998): 22,167,000. Density (1998){3}: persons per sq mi 291.4, persons per sq km 112.5. Urban-rural (1995): urban 12.5%; rural 87.5%. Sex distribution (1995): male 49.63%; female 50.37%. Age breakdown (1995): under 15, 48.8%; 15-29, 26.5%; 30-44, 14.0%; 45-59, 6.9%; 60-74, 3.2%; 75 and over, 0.6%. Population projection: (2000) 23,452,000; (2010) 31,768,000. Doubling time: 24 years. Ethnic composition (1983): Ganda 17.8%; Teso 8.9%; Nkole 8.2%; Soga 8.2%; Gisu 7.2%; Chiga 6.8%; Lango 6.0%; Rwanda 5.8%; other 31.1%. Religious affiliation (1995): Christian 66%, of which Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33% (of which mostly Anglican); traditional beliefs 18%; Muslim 16%. Major cities (1991): Kampala 773,500; Jinja 61,000; Mbale 53,600; Masaka 49,100; Gulu 42,800; Entebbe 41,600. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1990-95): 50.8 (world avg. 25.0). Death rate per 1,000 population (1990-95): 21.8 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1990-95): 29.0 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1990-95): 7.3. Life expectancy at birth (1990-95): male 43.6 years; female 46.2 years. National economy Budget (1995-96). Revenue: U Sh 875,400,000,000 (taxes 71.7%, of which customs duties 36.0%, sales taxes 25.9%, income taxes 13.2%; grants 28.3%). Expenditures: U Sh 992,000,000,000 (1994-95; current expenditures 54.4%, of which security 13.9%, education 6.4%, health 2.4%; capital expenditures 44.3%). Public debt (external, outstanding; 1996): U.S.$3,151,000,000. Tourism (1995): receipts from visitors U.S.$79,000,000; expenditures by nationals abroad U.S.$93,000,000. Land use (1994): forest 31.5%; pasture 9.1%; agriculture 34.0%; other 25.4%. Population economically active (1991): total 8,365,000; activity rate of total population 49.6% (participation rates: ages 15-64, 78.9%{4}; female 35.2%). Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): plantains 9,550,000, cassava 2,650,000, sweet potatoes 2,250,000, sugarcane 1,450,000, corn (maize) 939,000, millet 640,000, sorghum 405,000, potatoes 390,000, coffee 257,000, peanuts (groundnuts) 144,000, rice 83,000; livestock (number of live animals) 5,200,000 cattle, 3,500,000 goats, 1,900,000 sheep; roundwood (1995) 17,226,000 cu m; fish catch (1996) 231,600. Mining and quarrying (1996): gold 162,900 troy oz{5}. Manufacturing (1996): cement 149,100; sugar 78,500; soap 58,300; metal products 31,300; footwear 1,786,000 pairs; beer 642,000 hectolitres. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 795,000,000 (681,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1994) none (none); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) none (none); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) none (319,000); natural gas (cu m; 1994) none (none). Gross national product (1996): U.S.$5,826,000,000 (U.S.$300 per capita). Household size. Average household size (1991) 4.8; income per household: n.a.; sources of income (1992-93){6}{7}: wages and self-employment 86.4%; transfers 11.7%; rent 1.9%; expenditure (1992-93){6}: food and beverages 64.0%; rent, energy, and services 18.3%; education 5.0%; health 4.2%. Foreign trade Imports (1995-96): U.S.$1,218,000,000 (1995; machinery and transport equipment 32.3%, basic manufactures 11.0%, food and live animals 9.3%, chemicals 8.3%). Major import sources (1992): Kenya 22.6%; U.K. 10.0%; Japan 9.8%; Germany 5.5%; U.S. 4.8%. Exports (1995-96): U.S.$590,300,000 (unroasted coffee 69.0%, cotton 2.2%, tea 2.1%). Major export destinations (1992): U.K. 20.7%; Belgium-Luxembourg 12.3%; Spain 9.2%; U.S. 8.1%; France 6.4%; Germany 4.3%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1993): route length 1,241 km; passenger-km (1996) 28,000,000; metric ton-km cargo (1996) 187,000,000. Roads (1995): total length 26,800 km (paved 7.7%). Vehicles (1995): passenger cars 24,400; trucks and buses 25,300. Merchant marine (1992): vessels (100 gross tons and over) 2; total deadweight tonnage 8,600{8}. Air transport (1994): passenger-km 52,117,000; metric ton-km cargo 5,000,000; airports (1997) 1. Education and health Educational attainment (1991). Percentage of population age 25 and over having: no formal schooling or less than one full year 46.9%; primary education 42.1%; secondary 10.5%; higher 0.5%. Literacy (1995): population age 15 and over literate 6,732,000 (61.8%); males literate 3,948,000 (73.7%); females literate 2,784,000 (50.2%). Health (1989): physicians 774 (1 per 20,720 persons); hospital beds 20,136 (1 per 817 persons); infant mortality rate (1990-95) 122.0. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 2,268 (vegetable products 93%, animal products 7%); 97% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1997): 40,000-55,000{9}. Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1995): 2.3% (world 2.8%); per capita U.S.$6. {1} 62 of 276 elected seats are allocated to special interest groups; all government ministers not elected to the National Assembly (3 in 1996) serve ex officio. {2} New constitution promulgated on Oct. 8, 1995. {3} Based on land area only. {4} 1985. {5} Export production only. {6} Based on first nationally representative household survey. {7} Highest quartile only. {8} 1988. {9} Breakdown by branch of service is unavailable.

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