Meaning of PRIOR in English

PRIOR

transcription, транскрипция: [ praɪə(r) ]

Frequency: The word is one of the 3000 most common words in English.

1.

You use prior to indicate that something has already happened, or must happen, before another event takes place.

He claimed he had no prior knowledge of the protest...

The Constitution requires the president to seek the prior approval of Congress for military action...

ADJ : ADJ n

2.

A prior claim or duty is more important than other claims or duties and needs to be dealt with first.

The firm I wanted to use had prior commitments.

ADJ : ADJ n

3.

A prior is a monk who is in charge of a priory or a monk who is the second most important person in a monastery.

N-COUNT ; N-TITLE

4.

If something happens prior to a particular time or event, it happens before that time or event. ( FORMAL )

Prior to his Japan trip, he went to New York...

PREP-PHRASE

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.