Meaning of BRAKE in English
n. & v.
n. 1 (often in pl.) a device for checking the motion of a mechanism, esp. a wheel or vehicle, or for keeping it at rest. 2 anything that has the effect of hindering or impeding (shortage of money was a brake on their enthusiasm).
v. 1 intr. apply a brake. 2 tr. retard or stop with a brake. brake block a block used to hold a brake shoe. brake drum a cylinder attached to a wheel on which the brake shoe presses to brake. brake fluid fluid used in a hydraulic brake system. brake horsepower the power of an engine reckoned in terms of the force needed to brake it. brake lining a strip of fabric which increases the friction of the brake shoe. brake shoe a long curved block which presses on the brake drum to brake. brake van Brit. a railway coach or vehicle from which the train's brakes can be controlled. brakeless adj.
[ prob. obs. brake in sense 'machine-handle, bridle' ]
Concise Oxford English dictionary. Краткий оксфордский словарь английского языка. 2012