Meaning of BRAKE in English

I. ˈbrāk

archaic past of break

II. noun

Etymology: Middle English, fern, probably back-formation from braken bracken

Date: 14th century

: the common bracken fern ( Pteridium aquilinum )

III. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Middle Low German; akin to Old English brecan to break

Date: 15th century

1. : a toothed instrument or machine for separating out the fiber of flax or hemp by breaking up the woody parts

2. : a machine for bending, flanging, folding, and forming sheet metal

IV. noun

Etymology: Middle English -brake

Date: 1562

: rough or marshy land overgrown usually with one kind of plant

• braky ˈbrā-kē adjective

V. noun

Etymology: perhaps from obsolete brake bridle

Date: circa 1782

1. : a device for arresting or preventing the motion of a mechanism usually by means of friction

2. : something used to slow down or stop movement or activity

use interest rates as a brake on spending

• brake·less ˈbrā-kləs adjective

VI. verb

( braked ; brak·ing )

Date: 1868

transitive verb

: to retard or stop by or as if by a brake

intransitive verb

1. : to operate or manage a brake ; especially : to apply the brake on a vehicle

2. : to become checked by a brake

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.