Meaning of BORROW in English



1. to borrow something

2. to borrow money

3. to pay money so that you can borrow and use something

4. money that is borrowed




to owe money to someone because you have borrowed from them : ↑ OWE


1. to borrow something

▷ borrow /ˈbɒrəʊǁˈbɑː-, ˈbɔː-/ [transitive verb]

if you borrow something from someone, they let you have it, and you agree to give it back to them later :

▪ Can I borrow your pen for a second?

▪ I wish Steve would buy himself a bike. He’s always borrowing mine.

borrow something from/off somebody

▪ She found the poem in a book she’d borrowed off Mrs Parsons.

▪ I borrowed this dress from my sister.

borrowed [adjective]

▪ After I graduated from college, I moved into a borrowed apartment in Brooklyn Heights.

▷ have the use of also have the loan of /ˌhæv ðə juːs ɒv, ˌhæv ðə ˈləʊn ɒv/ [verb phrase] British

to have someone’s permission to borrow something, especially something large or expensive such as a car or boat for a particular length of time :

▪ Could we have the loan of your video camera this weekend?

let somebody have the use of something

▪ Dad usually lets me have the use of his car when he’s away on business.

▷ be on loan /biː ɒn ˈləʊn/ [verb phrase]

if something is on loan from a library, art collection etc, it has been borrowed from it :

▪ These pictures are on loan from the Paul Getty Collection.

be out on loan

not be available because it has been borrowed

▪ The librarian phoned to say the book you want is out on loan until next week.

2. to borrow money

▷ borrow /ˈbɒrəʊǁˈbɑː-, ˈbɔː-/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

if you borrow money from someone, they give it to you, and you agree to pay it back later :

▪ Companies normally expect to borrow at cheaper rates than ordinary people have to pay.

borrow something from/off somebody

▪ Can I borrow five pounds off you till next week?

▪ By the end of the war the Canadian government had borrowed over $5 billion from its own citizens.

borrow heavily

borrow a lot of money

▪ Maxwell had borrowed heavily to finance his business projects.

borrowed [adjective]

▪ The takeover bid was financed mainly with borrowed cash.

borrower [countable noun]

▪ The fall in interest rates is bad news for savers but good news for borrowers.

▷ take out a loan /ˌteɪk aʊt ə ˈləʊn/ [verb phrase]

to borrow a large amount of money from a bank or company :

▪ Three years ago, we took out a loan to buy our car and we’re still paying it off.

take out a loan from

▪ If you take out a loan from the company you have to pay it back within two years.

3. to pay money so that you can borrow and use something

▷ rent /rent/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

to pay a particular amount of money regularly for the use of a house, office, telephone etc over a period of months or years :

▪ Many young couples rent an apartment until they’ve saved enough money to buy a house.

▪ I can’t afford to rent an office in this part of town.

▪ Do you own your home or are you renting?

rent something from somebody/something

▪ Did you know you can rent a fax machine from the telephone company?

for rent

available to be rented

▪ Vicky put the house up for rent a month ago, but changed her mind the next day.

rented [adjective]

▪ We’ve lived in rented accommodation since we were married so we’re desperate to get our own place.

▷ rent especially American hire British /rent, haɪəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to pay money to a company to use a car, or a piece of equipment or clothing for a period of days or hours :

▪ Should we rent a video tonight?

▪ Let’s hire a car for the weekend and go and visit Jenny and Steve.

▪ You rented a tuxedo for two hundred dollars? Are you crazy?

hire/rent something from somebody/something

▪ When she got to Dallas she rented a Ford convertible from the Avis desk.

rented also hired British [adjective]

▪ No, the skis aren’t mine. They’re hired.

▪ The bride arrived at the church in a rented limousine.

▷ lease /liːs/ [transitive verb]

to pay rent for the use of buildings, land, equipment, or a vehicle for a long time, especially for business purposes :

▪ The Cider Press Company leases the machinery and buildings for $1000 a month.

▪ It would work out cheaper overall to lease the computers for the project.

lease something from somebody/something

▪ The building is actually owned by the government -- we’re leasing it from them.

▷ charter /ˈtʃɑːʳtəʳ/ [transitive verb]

to pay money to a company for the use of one of their planes or ships :

▪ A group of journalists chartered an airplane to fly them to Addis Ababa.

▪ International Aid Agencies have chartered ships to transport supplies to the disaster area.

4. money that is borrowed

▷ loan /ləʊn/ [countable noun]

an amount of money that is borrowed, especially from a bank or company, which you agree to pay back by the end of a period of time :

▪ If you need more money, we can arrange a loan.

a £5000/$20,000 loan

▪ The organization asked for a $2 million loan to plant new trees in the rainforest.

take out a loan

get a loan

▪ We took out a loan to buy a new car.

pay off/repay a loan

finish paying back what you borrowed

▪ I can’t afford to buy a new sofa until I pay off this loan.

bank loan

money you borrow from a bank

▪ Cox specialized in assisting borrowers who didn’t qualify for bank loans.

▷ mortgage /ˈmɔːʳgɪdʒ/ [countable noun]

a large amount of money that is borrowed from a bank or company in order to buy a house :

▪ The bank says we have to buy a life insurance policy before we can get a mortgage.

mortgage on

▪ Nick told me the mortgage on his apartment is worth about $90,000.

take out a mortgage

arrange to get a mortgage

▪ Anyone taking out a mortgage should be aware that interest rates can go up at any time.

pay off a mortgage

pay all of it back

▪ It took my parents nearly thirty years to pay off their mortgage.

▷ interest /ˈɪntrɪst, ˈɪntrəst/ [uncountable noun]

money that you pay for borrowing money, especially that you pay every year or every month at a fixed rate :

▪ Credit companies charge huge amounts of interest.

interest on

▪ What’s the interest on the loan?

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .