Meaning of INFORMATION in English


1. information

2. a collection of information

3. to write down information

4. providing a lot of information


see also





↑ SPREAD (2)


1. information

▷ information /ˌɪnfəʳˈmeɪʃ ə n/ [uncountable noun]

facts or details about a situation, event, person, place etc :

▪ We need more information before we make a decision.

information about/on

▪ The book contains information on how to find a job abroad.

▪ I’m looking for some information about breast cancer research.

give/provide information

▪ The tourist office will be able to give you the information you need.

▪ The Web site provides the latest information on Medicare and Medicaid.

further information

written more information

▪ For further information, please write to the following address.

piece of information

▪ Ray just told me an interesting piece of information.

detailed information

containing a lot of facts

▪ The guidebook has detailed information about the hotels in the area.

▷ fact /fækt/ [countable noun usually plural]

a piece of information that can be proved to be true :

▪ I’m not interested in your opinions - I just want to know the facts.

fact about

▪ It’s important that young people learn the facts about drugs.

▪ The book is full of interesting facts about plant life.

fact that

▪ He’s never tried to hide the fact that he spent time in jail.

▷ details /ˈdiːteɪlzǁdɪˈteɪlz/ [plural noun]

all the smaller pieces of information that you need to know about something that you already know about in a general way :

▪ There’s a big jazz festival in May. I’ll give you the details if you want.

details of/about

▪ The details of specific cases cannot be made public.

▪ The doctor asked me for details about my eating and exercise habits.

provide/give details

▪ He said the meeting was next month, but he didn’t give any specific details.

further details

written more details

▪ For further details, contact the conference organizer.

full details

all the details

▪ Full details about the company’s plans will be announced in several months.

▷ info /ˈɪnfəʊ/ [uncountable noun] especially spoken

information :

▪ Sandra will give you all the info you need.

info on/about

▪ For more info on the show, call this number.

▪ The dinosaur exhibit is pretty neat with lots of info about each period.

▷ material /məˈtɪ ə riəl/ [uncountable noun]

information that is used when you write a story, article, speech etc :

▪ There wasn’t enough material to write a whole book.

▪ I’ve been unable to find any reference material on the subject of interracial adoptions.

▪ The stories he collected became material for the biography he is now writing.

▷ data /ˈdeɪtə, ˈdɑːtə/ [uncountable noun]

facts, numbers, and other information that have been collected and stored, especially on a computer :

▪ This computer can store as much data as many larger models.

▪ He has to trawl through vast amounts of economic data.

data on/about

▪ The spacecraft has sent back new data about Jupiter’s atmosphere.

2. a collection of information

▷ file /faɪl/ [countable noun]

a collection of information, about a person, subject etc that is kept by an organization such as a school, a company, or the police :

▪ Only a few people are allowed to see these files.

file on

▪ Could you bring me the file on the West murder, please?

keep a file on somebody/something

▪ The FBI keeps files on all suspected terrorists.

keep something on file

store it in a file

▪ We keep copies of all applications on file.

▷ record /ˈrekɔːdǁ-ərd/ [countable noun usually plural]

information that is collected gradually over a long period of time, so that it can be looked at when necessary :

▪ Our records are continually updated.

medical/personnel/criminal etc record

▪ According to your medical records, you had an operation five years ago.

▪ I’ve checked the student records, and I can’t find any mention of her name.

record of

▪ The records of births, marriages, and deaths were all destroyed in the fire.

keep a record

write down details of things as they happen

▪ Keep a record of all your expenses during the trip.

▷ database /ˈdeɪtəˌbeɪs/ [countable noun]

a very large collection of information kept on a computer :

▪ We can check the database to see whether the book is in stock.

database of

▪ The company has a database of over 23,000 hotels that allow pets.

3. to write down information

▷ write down /ˌraɪt ˈdaʊn/ [transitive phrasal verb]

write something down

▪ If I don’t write his phone number down now, I’ll forget it.

write down something

▪ Make a chart and write down the results of the experiment.

▪ He wrote down all the prices in a little notebook.

▷ record /rɪˈkɔːʳd/ [transitive verb]

to write down information or store it on a computer, so that it can be looked at later, especially official information about numbers or amounts :

▪ Only 13 cases of this disease have ever been recorded.

▪ The meteorological office recorded the lowest rainfall in 10 years.

4. providing a lot of information

▷ informative /ɪnˈfɔːʳmətɪv/ [adjective]

providing a lot of new or useful information :

▪ The lecture was very informative and helpful.

▪ Jim found the library staff friendly and informative.

▪ The informative newsletter is published once every two months.

▷ enlightening /ɪnˈlaɪt ə nɪŋ/ [adjective] formal

providing a lot of new or useful information :

▪ The President described his conversation with the Russian leader as enlightening.

▪ She has given us some truly enlightening insights into the subject of personality disorders.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .