Meaning of MISTAKE in English

MISTAKE

INDEX:

1. mistake

2. a mistake in words that are written or printed

3. a bad decision that causes problems for you

4. a silly mistake that causes social embarrassment

5. to make a mistake

RELATED WORDS

by accident : ↑ ACCIDENTALLY

see also

↑ WRONG

↑ CARELESS

↑ CONFUSED

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1. mistake

▷ mistake /mɪˈsteɪk, məˈsteɪk/ [countable noun]

something incorrect that you do, say, or write without intending to :

▪ Your essay is full of mistakes.

▪ Celia corrected the mistakes with a pen.

mistake in

▪ a tiny mistake in their calculations

make a mistake

▪ Sampras was playing badly, making a lot of mistakes.

there’s a mistake

▪ There must be some mistake - I definitely paid the bill last week.

▷ error /ˈerəʳ/ [countable/uncountable noun]

a mistake - use this especially to talk about mistakes in calculating or in using a language, system, or computer :

▪ An error occurred in the processing of your application.

error in

▪ There seems to be an error in the data.

human error

when a mistake is caused by people, not by a machine

▪ The report concluded that the accident was caused by human error.

computer error

a mistake caused by a computer

▪ Over 50 people were denied a vote through a computer error.

▷ slip /slɪp/ [countable noun]

a small unimportant mistake that is easy to make :

make a slip

▪ Don’t worry -- we all make slips from time to time.

▪ People doing this kind of precision work can’t afford to make the slightest slip.

▷ slip-up /ˈslɪp ʌp/ [countable noun]

a careless mistake that may spoil a plan or process :

▪ This whole situation only happened because of a slip-up by the bank.

▪ If we are going to win the contract, we can’t afford any more slip-ups.

▷ mix-up /ˈmɪks ʌp/ [countable noun]

a careless mistake that causes confusion about details, for example someone’s name, the time of a meeting etc :

▪ The police have now returned Mr Sullivan’s car and apologized for the mix-up.

mix-up over

▪ There was a mix-up over the train times and I arrived two hours late.

mix-up in

▪ I’m afraid there’s been a mix-up in the booking - we were expecting you tomorrow.

▷ oversight /ˈəʊvəʳsaɪt/ [countable noun]

a mistake that you make by not noticing something or by forgetting to do something :

▪ I’m sure it was just an oversight that your name wasn’t on the list.

▪ The bank apologized for the oversight.

▪ Due to an administrative oversight, several members of staff did not receive pay checks this month.

▷ slip of the tongue /ˌslɪp əv ðə ˈtʌŋ/ [noun phrase]

when you accidentally say a different word from the word you intended to say, sometimes with embarrassing results :

▪ He quickly corrected his unfortunate slip of the tongue.

▪ Did I say ‘Harlow’? Sorry, I meant ‘Harrow’. It was just a slip of the tongue.

▷ boob British /booboo American /buːb, ˈbuːbuː/ [singular noun] informal

a silly mistake, especially one that amuses people :

▪ We labelled the pictures with the wrong names, but the boob was spotted by one of our readers.

make a boob/booboo

▪ Whoops! I think I’ve made a booboo.

▷ howler /ˈhaʊləʳ/ [countable noun]

a very bad mistake, especially one that shows you do not know something :

▪ He read out a selection of howlers from students’ exam answers.

2. a mistake in words that are written or printed

▷ mistake /mɪˈsteɪk, məˈsteɪk/ [countable noun]

a mistake in words that are written, typed, or printed :

▪ If you make a mistake, just cross it out.

mistake in

▪ There’s a mistake in the address.

spelling mistake

▪ Check your work carefully for any spelling mistakes.

▷ error /ˈerəʳ/ [countable noun]

a mistake in words that are typed or printed :

▪ ‘It says in this advertisement that the exhibition opens at 10.’ ‘That’s an error.’

typing error

▪ She made very few typing errors.

▷ misprint /ˈmɪs-prɪnt/ [countable noun]

a word or number that has been printed wrongly :

▪ It can’t really cost £20 - it must be a misprint.

▪ In the last sentence, ‘unclear’ is a misprint for ‘nuclear’.

▷ typo /ˈtaɪpəʊ/ [countable noun]

a small mistake in a piece of writing which someone has typed or printed :

▪ The article was badly written and full of typos.

3. a bad decision that causes problems for you

▷ mistake /mɪˈsteɪk, məˈsteɪk/ [countable noun]

something you do or decide that is not at all sensible and causes you a lot of problems :

make a mistake

▪ My first marriage was a terrible failure. I don’t want to make the same mistake again.

▪ Don’t make the mistake of underestimating your opponent.

it is a mistake to do something

▪ It was a mistake to think that we could go on living on borrowed money.

big/serious/terrible mistake

▪ Buying the farm was the biggest mistake of her life.

learn from your mistakes

do things better after realizing you have made mistakes

▪ All I can say is, I think I’ve learnt from my mistakes.

▷ miscalculation /ˌmɪskælkjɑˈleɪʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a mistake caused by planning something badly, and being wrong about the expected result :

▪ The President’s election defeat was the result of his own miscalculations.

▪ I thought if I told Mark everything, it would be OK. That was a bad miscalculation.

▷ error of judgment /ˌerər əv ˈdʒʌdʒmənt/ [noun phrase] formal

a mistake caused by judging a situation or person wrongly :

▪ In my opinion, appointing his son as chief executive was a serious error of judgment.

make an error of judgment

▪ New, inexperienced members of staff are more liable to make errors of judgment.

▷ be a bad move /biː ə ˌbæd ˈmuːv/ [verb phrase] informal

if something you do is a bad move, it is a mistake because it puts you in a bad or dangerous situation :

▪ He tried arguing with her. This was a bad move.

▪ Perhaps her resignation wasn’t such a bad move after all.

it is a bad move doing something

▪ It was a bad move letting him come here in the first place.

▷ blunder /ˈblʌndəʳ/ [countable noun]

a stupid mistake caused by not thinking carefully enough about what you are saying or doing, which could have very serious results :

▪ It seems to be another public relations blunder by the government.

▪ a series of management blunders

make a blunder

▪ She stopped, finally aware of the terrible blunder she had made.

▷ indiscretion /ˌɪndɪˈskreʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a rather bad, silly, or immoral action by someone, especially someone in a public position - often used to make the action seem less bad :

youthful indiscretion

▪ He dismissed his past association with racist groups as a youthful indiscretion.

commit an indiscretion

▪ She confessed that she had committed a minor sexual indiscretion.

4. a silly mistake that causes social embarrassment

▷ put your foot in it especially British /put your foot in your mouth especially American /ˌpʊt jɔːʳ ˈfʊt ɪn ɪt, pʊt jɔːʳ ˌfʊt ɪn jɔːʳ ˈmaʊθ/ [verb phrase] informal

to make a stupid mistake by saying something that you should not say, for example because it upsets someone or because it is a secret :

▪ She’s a little weird isn’t she? Oh no, have I put my foot in my mouth? Is she a friend of yours?

▪ Simon wanted to finish the conversation before he put his foot in it any further.

▷ faux pas /ˌfəʊ ˈpɑː, ˈfəʊ pɑː/ [countable noun]

a mistake made by saying or doing something in a social situation that embarrasses other people :

▪ I asked her how Greg was, which was a bit of a faux pas considering they’d just split up.

commit/make a faux pas

▪ It was at that party that I committed the faux pas of spilling wine all over the host’s wife.

▷ gaffe /gæf/ [countable noun]

an embarrassing and stupid mistake made in a social situation or in public :

▪ When she realized she had mistaken him for his brother, she was horrified at her gaffe.

make a gaffe

▪ The minister is well known for making gaffes in his speeches.

5. to make a mistake

▷ make a mistake /ˌmeɪk ə mɪˈsteɪk/ [verb phrase]

▪ My spoken Spanish was okay, but I kept making mistakes in my written work.

▪ Don’t worry - everyone makes mistakes.

▷ get something wrong /ˌget something ˈrɒŋǁ-ˈrɔːŋ/ [verb phrase] especially spoken

to make a mistake in something that you do, say, or write, especially when this has bad or annoying results :

▪ I’ve been here a year now, and my boss still gets my name wrong!

▪ You’ve got your facts wrong, mate - he doesn’t work here any more.

get it wrong

deal with something in the wrong way

▪ Once again, the government has got it wrong.

▷ go wrong /ˌgəʊ ˈrɒŋǁ-ˈrɔːŋ/ [verb phrase]

to make a mistake at a particular stage in a process, for example, with the result that the whole thing is spoiled :

▪ Check your work again and see if you can spot where you went wrong.

▪ If you follow the easy step-by-step instructions, you really can’t go wrong.

▷ slip up /ˌslɪp ˈʌp/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

to make a careless mistake, especially so that you lose some advantage, or spoil a chance that you had :

▪ We’ll just have to hope that the other teams slip up.

slip up on

▪ He slipped up on just one detail.

▷ blunder /ˈblʌndəʳ/ [intransitive verb]

to make a stupid mistake, usually with very serious results :

▪ The government later admitted it had blundered in its handling of the affair.

▪ He realized he had blundered by picking such an experienced player for the team.

▷ goof/goof up /guːf, ˌguːf ˈʌp/ [intransitive verb] American informal

to make a silly mistake :

▪ You really goofed up this time!

▪ Some drivers admit they goofed. Others blame anyone except themselves.

▷ misjudge /mɪsˈdʒʌdʒ/ [transitive verb]

to make a mistake about a person, situation, or amount by wrongly thinking that they are one thing when in fact they are another :

▪ I’m sorry -- it seems I’ve misjudged you.

▪ It’s easy to misjudge the speed of a car heading toward you.

▪ In fact, the US generals had seriously misjudged the determination and endurance of the North Vietnamese.

▷ fall into the trap of doing something /ˌfɔːl ɪntə ðə ˌtræp əv ˈduːɪŋ something/ [verb phrase]

to do something that seems good at the time but is not sensible :

▪ Don’t fall into the trap of trying to be too clever.

▪ It is very easy for the mother to fall into the trap of offering the child only food that she knows the child likes.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .