Meaning of ALCOHOL in English

ALCOHOL

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

abstain from alcohol

Pilots must abstain from alcohol for 24 hours before flying.

abuse alcohol/drugs

The proportion of drinkers who abuse alcohol is actually quite small.

alcohol dependent

a danger of becoming alcohol dependent

alcohol/drug abuse (= the practice of drinking too much or taking illegal drugs )

alcohol/lead/radiation etc poisoning (= caused by a particular substance )

a case of alcohol poisoning

drug/alcohol misuse

Children who begin smoking when young are at greater risk from drugs misuse.

drug/alcohol use

Drug use among teenage boys is on the increase.

drug/heroin/alcohol etc addiction

ethyl alcohol

fat/protein/alcohol etc content

the fat content of cheese

water with a low salt content

food/alcohol/calorie etc intake

Sickness may develop from inadequate fluid intake.

methyl alcohol

protein/carbohydrate/alcohol etc metabolism

The vast majority of alcohol metabolism occurs in the liver.

rubbing alcohol

under the influence of alcohol/drink/drugs etc

He was accused of driving while under the influence of alcohol.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

excess

William McCabe, who's sixty-three, is charged with driving with excess alcohol .

Todd yesterday admitted driving with excess alcohol and failing to stop and report an accident.

Despite indiscretions induced by excess alcohol , relations between Stewart and Glenure had not broken down irretrievably.

At an earlier hearing, he'd pleaded guilty to driving with excess alcohol in his blood.

He admitted driving with excess alcohol but said he shouldn't be banned.

He's charged with causing death by dangerous driving, failing to stop and report an accident and driving with excess alcohol .

The most frequent effect of excess alcohol intake on serum lipids is elevation of triglyceride levels.

excessive

The excessive user of alcohol or drugs may not perceive his or her true state.

Incontinence is another problem that can begin by excessive alcohol intake.

high

These sweeter grapes produce rich, fruity wines with a potentially higher level of alcohol .

Clark said the assumption that decomposition creates high levels of alcohol is controversial among pathologists.

The high sugar and alcohol content means that a pudding can become dangerously hot in a microwave.

Others factors can be, such as obesity, high alcohol consumption and lack of exercise.

Beverages with higher alcohol content such as whisky and cognac did not stimulate acid secretion.

Lots of oak, flavors of pineapple and mango, and high alcohol were tasters' impressions here.

A lack of response would suggest that the high concentration of alcohol is the principal factor.

For instance, many people learn in high school that alcohol is a depressant-a kind of chemical sledgehammer for the mind.

legal

Police stopped Kelly, of Chelmsford, and a breath test showed him to be more than twice the legal alcohol limit.

Blood tests revealed he was almost twice the legal alcohol limit.

A roadside breath test showed he was 2 1/2 times over the legal alcohol limit.

The legal age for alcohol purchase is 18.

low

This low alcohol version is as light and approachable as the full strength variety and is ideal for parties.

As intriguing as these results are, much remains unclear about the impact of low doses of alcohol on the immune sys-tem.

Certain individuals get sleepy on low doses of alcohol and revved up on high doses-exactly the reverse of what most people experience.

The result is a clean, full flavoured low alcohol lager with a lovely dry aftertaste.

Tesco's exciting range of low alcohol and alcohol-free products offers an adult alternative to soft drinks.

It is the sweet version, similar to lemonade, and low in alcohol .

moderate

The increased healing rate in wine drinkers is consistent with other reports that moderate alcohol intake may be harmless or beneficial.

For there is by now a mountain of medical evidence that moderate consumption of alcohol dramatically lowers the risk of heart disease.

An increasing number of medical experts now agree that moderate consumption of alcohol is beneficial to health.

This is one of the first mortality studies of moderate alcohol drinkers in the non-Western world.

pure

Among the various solutions, epinephrine and pure alcohol are proved to be effective in the arrest of peptic ulcer haemorrhage.

The rebleeding rate was high, however, and this could be decreased with pure alcohol injection after the epinephrine injection.

For patients with spurting peptic ulcers, we suggest pure alcohol injection after an epinephrine injection instead of epinephrine injection alone.

For the epinephrine plus pure alcohol group, all achieved initial haemostasis.

However, in case of need, cars can run on pure alcohol after adjustments.

■ NOUN

abuse

There is no convincing evidence that advertising influences total consumption or has an impact on levels of alcohol abuse .

Helping young people cope with the impact of drug and alcohol abuse is the focus of the play Coming To.

Patients with liver disease may be susceptible to infection, particularly when this is secondary to alcohol abuse .

It makes me nervous to see how large a problem alcohol abuse has become in their country.

Jack came from a family which was riddled with alcohol abuse .

Teenage depression, alcohol abuse , and even suicide are all attributed to the pressures of the exam system.

And a specialist in alcohol abuse says youngsters don't realise the dangers associated with what is a potentially harmful drug.

Severe lipaemia due to chronic alcohol abuse may result in recurrent attacks of pancreatitis and diabetes mellitus.

addiction

In 1997, 90 % of the calls were related to alcohol addiction , falling to 60 % last year.

Twenty-five percent were there for drug and alcohol addiction .

The vast majority of alcohol addiction cases came from men older than 40 and women over 35, he said.

Partners made up more than a third of those contacting SolCare in 1998, most over alcohol addiction .

blood

The average for all exhibits is down to twelve days, and the blood alcohol has fallen to 1.2 days.

Wait said recently that he thought his blood alcohol was half as much.

Unlike the familiar blood alcohol tests in motoring cases, urinalysis does not demonstrate that the employee is impaired by drugs.

Other things being equal, taking aspirin will result in higher and longer-lasting blood alcohol levels.

The proportion of people killed who had blood alcohol concentrations above the limit also fell.

Prosecutors have said Makharadze had a blood alcohol level of at least. 15 at the time of the five-car crash.

The legal limit is. 08 and his blood alcohol was. 09.

consumption

What is the control theory approach to alcohol consumption ?

Others factors can be, such as obesity, high alcohol consumption and lack of exercise.

The relation between alcohol consumption and sickness absence will be reported elsewhere.

Not having children or having them late in life doubles the risk, as does heavy alcohol consumption .

Increasingly attention is paid to the four lifestyle areas of smoking, alcohol consumption , exercise and diet.

The intended result of such treatment is to reduce or eliminate alcohol consumption by producing a negative response to alcohol.

Since alcohol consumption may have varied with time, efforts were made to obtain estimates based on patient recall and chart review.

They reported a 60 % higher risk linked to maternal alcohol consumption .

content

The high sugar and alcohol content means that a pudding can become dangerously hot in a microwave.

Beverages with higher alcohol content such as whisky and cognac did not stimulate acid secretion.

But a breath test revealed an alcohol content of 88 milligrammes - more than twice the limit, the court in Pontefract heard.

Guinness, which sells 22 variants of its stout around the globe, varies hugely in alcohol content .

He was happy about the alcohol content , but the damp bandage soon took the smile off his face.

To find out how different drinks compare for alcohol content , use the % alcohol column.

The alcohol content is clearly stated on the front of the label.

So you can't ignore their alcohol content .

drinking

Almost all damage is, in the early stages, reversible provided people stop drinking alcohol .

He should also avoid drinking alcohol .

Avoid drinking alcohol or fruit juices. 6.

Also useful is regular exercise, taking adequate daily calcium and not smoking or drinking alcohol to excess.

Similarly, do not have a hot bath after a heavy meal or after drinking alcohol - the same thing could happen.

And anyone found guilty of drinking alcohol may be subjected to 80 lashes of a cane.

ethyl

After incubation for 3 days at 35.8°C, each microtitre plate was stained with 0.05% crystal violet in 25% ethyl alcohol .

Distillation liberated the spirits from fermented grains and fruit juices, and in time ethyl alcohol was purified.

intake

There are no studies on the acute effect of alcohol intake on gastric acid secretion in chronic alcoholic patients.

Laminin has been related to alcohol intake .

Laminin concentration is also related to alcohol intake .

Age of starting smoking, cigarettes per day and years of abstinence, and regular alcohol intake .

Cumulative alcohol intake certainly plays a role and other environmental factors, in particular nutrition, may also be important.

The increased healing rate in wine drinkers is consistent with other reports that moderate alcohol intake may be harmless or beneficial.

In the cases studied alcohol intake was never higher than 50 g/day.

level

A blood test revealed his alcohol level was 40 percent above the legal limit.

Other things being equal, taking aspirin will result in higher and longer-lasting blood alcohol levels .

Blood alcohol levels rise at pretty much the same rate in infrequent and habitual drinkers.

Prosecutors have said Makharadze had a blood alcohol level of at least. 15 at the time of the five-car crash.

limit

Police stopped Kelly, of Chelmsford, and a breath test showed him to be more than twice the legal alcohol limit .

Blood tests revealed he was almost twice the legal alcohol limit .

A roadside breath test showed he was 2 1/2 times over the legal alcohol limit .

So how about setting an alcohol limit for every passenger?

But he was banned for a year - because he was well over the alcohol limit at the time.

misuse

The effects of alcohol misuse spill over from private life into the workplace, causing inefficiency and accidents as well as absenteeism.

We also need to be aware that under pressure, all of us are vulnerable to alcohol misuse and even addiction.

Getting reliable figures to show how much alcohol misuse costs us, or how many people are affected, isn't easy.

If alcohol misuse affects your business, it could mean that you aren't as competitive as you might be.

In additionto that, the social costs to society due to alcohol misuse are far greater.

However, telephone calls relating to alcohol misuse decreased from 47 in 1997 to 39 in 1998.

The drinks industry has made a gesture towards its concern about alcohol misuse by setting up the Portman group.

problem

Mr F, 35 has an alcohol problem and his wife, 32, has supported him through many difficult periods.

Some kinds of alcohol problems may have a genetic etiology; others are environmentally based.

An alcohol problems voluntary agency helps Mrs F who has become involved in a family self-help group.

And again dismissal certainly will not help them overcome their alcohol problem .

Should the mental health state continue, then the condition is likely to be primary, with the alcohol problem being secondary.

Yet many people with drugs and alcohol problems move frequently between areas, and may have no settled residence.

According to the guidelines, only a small proportion of people with drug or alcohol problems have any contact with social services.

The group can consist either of other elderly people, or special groups for people of all ages with an alcohol problem .

use

To increase knowledge about alcohol so that future alcohol use can be more informed and therefore more prudent. 2.

Chronic alcohol use can quash the libido of both men and women.

Practically all the news from research into the immunological impacts of chronic alcohol use is negative.

■ VERB

avoid

He should also avoid drinking alcohol .

Losing weight and avoiding alcohol can help the problem.

Remember: Avoid smoking and alcohol .

Jackie was to make sure that Bud arrived on time, avoided such temptations as alcohol and got home safely.

They should eat a balanced diet supplemented with multivitamin tablets, avoid alcohol and get plenty of sleep.

consume

The patient was a non-smoker and did not consume alcohol .

If you are doing covert sensitization on an outpatient basis, your client could be consuming alcohol prior to treatment.

Home Office ministers and anti-drink campaigners were concerned that extended hours could encourage people to consume alcohol .

Adult men consume most of the alcohol in the country.

contain

Most liquid or powdered ginseng products contain no alcohol , state officials said.

Avoid over-the-counter medication containing benzoyl peroxide and alcohol - it dehydrates the area surrounding the spot.

Thus, with the exception of water, all of the most popular beverages on earth contain either caffeine or alcohol .

The third fraction contains alcohols with boiling points ranging from 120 to l30°C.

The vials were found to contain 5 percent to 24 percent alcohol but were not labeled as containing alcohol.

They say it contains eight percent alcohol , and the locals down it by the gallon.

Low-alcohol beers contain about 1% alcohol instead of the usual 3 + %.

drink

I also smoke, but at least I don't drink much alcohol .

The President, who drinks very little alcohol , sipped his favorite cocktail, a weak orange blossom.

I don't drink any alcohol but I love papaya juice and drink tons of mineral water.

The volunteers who drank alcohol contracted fewer colds during the study period than did the volunteers who drank no alcohol.

If you drink four units of alcohol , four units will get into your blood.

The volunteers who drank alcohol contracted fewer colds during the study period than did the volunteers who drank no alcohol.

Fred craves meat, smokes but doesn't drink alcohol .

He infringed the Islannc code by drinking alcohol , eating pork, and seldom going to mosque.

rub

Those lost souls are so impoverished that they shave their heads in order that they may rub alcohol into them.

Children filed into school gymnasiums reeking of rubbing alcohol to get their shots.

Remove carpet stains with rubbing alcohol .

sell

The law does not allow us to sell alcohol to persons under 18 years of age.

California has required health warnings on all alcoholic beverages and in all premises that sell alcohol .

An exception to the protection of the 1954 Act was licensed premises where the primary purpose was to sell alcohol .

serve

Mr Howard also wants cafes to be able to serve alcohol another move aimed at families.

Do you want to serve alcohol ?

Recent relaxations in late-night licensing have allowed many venues to keep serving alcohol until 6am or even later.

Only four establishments in this city of 44, 000 qualify as cabarets -- places that serve alcohol and allow dancing.

If you serve alcohol in a public place, you may have to buy liability insurance. 10.

smoke

Cutting down on smoking and alcohol are sensible moves.

That such feedback is not enough to prevent many from smoking and abusing alcohol is another topic for another time.

Many victims also suffer the long-term consequences of smoking and alcohol .

In many series, smoking and/or alcohol has been associated with gastric cancer, and especially with cancer of the cardia.

Also useful is regular exercise, taking adequate daily calcium and not smoking or drinking alcohol to excess.

The survey focused on four major factors: diet, exercise, smoking , and alcohol consumption.

Research has confirmed that women who continue to smoke and drink alcohol during pregnancy tend to produce smaller babies.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

can hold your drink/liquor/alcohol etc

drug/alcohol dependence

His father says that David accepts the sentence, and is getting treatment for his drug dependence .

Most people make the change from occasional social drinking to alcohol dependence gradually.

Studies of twins and of alcohol-dependent patients point to an inherited vulnerability to alcohol dependence , too.

The higher figures came for such easy-to-call labels as bulimia and alcohol and drug dependence .

You can get treatment for drug dependence , mostly as an outpatient.

under the influence (of alcohol/drink/drugs etc)

Cowan suggests that the strength of the excitatory interactions increases relative to that of the inhibitory interactions under the influence of the drug.

Teenagers under the influence of the locally produced khat narcotic plant were said to be responsible for much of the artillery fire.

The motor velocity increases under the influence of the positive torque and the equilibrium position is attained with maximum velocity.

The roads, under the influence of the rain, were becoming shocking.

The weather became cooler under the influences of cold breezes from the frozen north, observed my master.

Today I write this, happily, under the influence of a drug.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

He doesn't drink alcohol or smoke.

low alcohol wines

She could smell alcohol on his breath.

Ted doesn't drink alcohol anymore.

We're not allowed to serve alcohol to people under 18.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Carlton then took a small scoopful of concrete and shook it up with alcohol to see how much air was dissolved.

Children filed into school gymnasiums reeking of rubbing alcohol to get their shots.

I don't know what his diagnosis was but I don't think either of them even vaguely suspected alcohol .

Most of the red-faced men are too spent from overwork and alcohol to be a problem.

The law does not allow us to sell alcohol to persons under 18 years of age.

Women are more affected by alcohol than men.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.