Meaning of DEFECT in English

DEFECT

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a birth defect (= something wrong with a baby when it is born )

About 11% of babies have birth defects.

a physical defect (= a physical fault, especially one that only affects the appearance )

Most babies are born without physical defects.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

congenital

Children were considered ineligible to be controls if they were a twin, were adopted, or had a serious congenital defect .

The swop did not come to light until Arlena, who suffered from a congenital heart defect , had to undergo surgery.

Similarly the control of rubella is complex and important, because rubella in pregnancy is a cause of congenital defects .

genetic

A clear example of a mutation altering development is the inherited genetic defect , sickle cell anaemia.

Just as a ratchet turns easily one way but can not turn back, so genetic defects inevitably accumulate.

They announced yesterday that their treatment also eliminates the genetic defect in laboratory mice, bred with cystic fibrosis.

The pair announced that they had identified a genetic defect in the dopamine system of some alcoholics.

The finding could ultimately lead to a way to correct the genetic defect , scientists say.

The mouse is bred with the genetic defect but remains alive, enabling potential cures to be tested out on it.

Cancer, genetic defects and accelerated ageing can be caused by exposure to low level radiation.

major

However, major defects existing at the time of the sale are another matter.

Any problems with drains should be regarded as a major defect and the details passed on to your solicitor.

mechanical

Council officials say lives were at risk from mechanical defects , including faulty brakes.

He said that no mechanical or electrical defect had been found in the lift after the accident.

Others include mechanical defects and driver fatigue.

minor

However they will understand the difficulties of using such an unpredictable material as wood, and make due allowance for minor defects .

The report will not list minor defects .

neural

Even if vitamin supplementation did not prevent neural tube defects , what specific harm would result?

The fortification of staple foods with folic acid to prevent neural tube defects may be unwisely delayed on this account.

The estimated annual number of births affected with a neural tube defect is about 400,000 world wide.

other

And oxygen deficiency during the foetal stage may inhibit brain development and size at birth, with or without other defect .

physical

In short, nearly one in three possessed physical defects , a figure which took no account of dental problems or defective vision.

The physician by means of a general examination singles out the individual whose physical defects require a more thorough testing.

The tests will also provide some early indication of physical defects such as sense impairment.

No one with any physical defect may serve as priest, though he may share in eating the offerings.

There are no traceable physical defects , although around a third of cases have associated handicaps such as epilepsy or spasticity.

Pre-existing medical conditions, recurring illness or physical defects , except as detailed under principal exclusions. 2.

I believe that if Piggy had not had so many physical defects he would have been allowed to make himself heard.

serious

A structural appraisal of the building identified a number of potentially serious defects which could arise in the event of fire.

Children were considered ineligible to be controls if they were a twin, were adopted, or had a serious congenital defect .

The leisure centre has been at the centre of a compensation wrangle since serious building defects were discovered last year.

It's the most obvious sign of the serious defects that need urgent attention.

Furthermore any serious defect is seen and rejected.

At one end there were serious procedural defects which would render any decision a nullity.

Hooper documents a serious defect in this reasoning.

Again, this is a serious defect and needs checking by a structural engineer.

structural

This is not a structural defect - only a sign of antiquity.

Scores of schools were shown to have similar structural defects .

We regard this result as strong evidence against a possible structural defect of the Dcm/Cys177Ser mutant.

■ NOUN

birth

The residues accumulate in our bodies and can cause cancer and birth defects .

Aid workers say areas that were heavily bombed now have high rates of birth defects , sterility and mental retardation.

Obvious other exclusions include blindness and deafness as well as rare birth defects .

In some areas of the Black Triangle, ten per-cent of all live births resulted in infants with crippling birth defects .

He intones: Nigel: Suppose there was a power that caused birth defects in sheep and people.

Early reports of birth defects l inked to the Gulf War syndrome have been disproved, Whitesides said.

They also claim that fluoride potentially causes birth defects .

If its use can not possibly be avoided, the patient should be counseled about the possibility of a birth defect .

gene

Are gene defects relevant at all?

In familial cases without a gene defect regular echocardiograms are the only practicable screening method.

heart

The swop did not come to light until Arlena, who suffered from a congenital heart defect , had to undergo surgery.

During an effort to overcome one of those problems - a heart defect - surgeons gave the boy a blood transfusion.

Laura was born with a rare heart defect which prevented enough oxygen getting into her blood.

Sacha Bull was born with a heart defect which meant vital blood supplies were being channelled to other parts of the body.

tube

Even if vitamin supplementation did not prevent neural tube defects , what specific harm would result?

The fortification of staple foods with folic acid to prevent neural tube defects may be unwisely delayed on this account.

The estimated annual number of births affected with a neural tube defect is about 400,000 world wide.

■ VERB

born

Heart valves are vital for transplantation into children born with valve defects and adults with diseased or worn valves.

People are born with these defects but often show no outward signs of problems.

Sacha Bull was born with a heart defect which meant vital blood supplies were being channelled to other parts of the body.

cause

The residues accumulate in our bodies and can cause cancer and birth defects .

The disorder is caused by an inherited defect of collagen, long intertwined proteins that form the supporting matrix for bone.

They are not liable in negligence for the cost of remedial measures caused by a defect in the building's construction.

I say, pointing to the sign behind the bar, warning pregnant women that drinking alcohol can cause birth defects .

He intones: Nigel: Suppose there was a power that caused birth defects in sheep and people.

It says that the company razed forests, polluted rivers, retarded crop growth and caused birth defects .

They also claim that fluoride potentially causes birth defects .

The producer will be liable for any defect in the product which causes damage.

correct

Jeanette Orton from Oxfordshire has already undergone surgery to correct a defect in her right eye.

A three-dollar conversion would have corrected the design defect , but the corporation chose to ignore the problem.

The finding could ultimately lead to a way to correct the genetic defect , scientists say.

discover

Property should come under the Trades Description Act and contracts should allow buyers to back out if they discover undeclared defects .

remedy

The cost of remedying the defect is economic loss and neither party owes a duty of care to P2 in that respect.

Are you puzzled by the fact that Congress does little to remedy those defects in the bureaucracy against which it constantly rails?

The new law remedies this defect , to a certain extent.

To remedy these defects a new student management system was designed and introduced in stages from 1980-81.

Those ordinances and Cromwell's later reforms of 1539-40 attempted to remedy the defects .

show

Barium meal showed a filling defect in the prepyloric region.

The house may show a defect a number of years after construction.

A chest radiograph was normal, but a ventilation-perfusion lung scan showed a matched defect in the right lower lobe.

Arguments advanced to show law's defects in dealing with the family fall into three groups.

The first obstacle is, of course, to show that the defect caused the accident.

suffer

The Weimar Constitution, it was generally agreed, had suffered from two principal defects .

If your speech suffers from this defect , your teachers will not tell you of it.

The Tsarist system had suffered from a similar defect .

However, the standard edition of Hobbes' writings is nearly 150 years old and suffers from serious defects and omissions.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

A defect in the braking system caused several accidents before the car was recalled.

Investigators found a defect in the design of the ship.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Are you puzzled by the fact that Congress does little to remedy those defects in the bureaucracy against which it constantly rails?

Because methodology is fully exposed, genuine defects may be revealed, or more frustratingly, discussion sidetracked away from implications.

By emphasizing every defect in her body, she offers a challenge to polite culture.

Children were considered ineligible to be controls if they were a twin, were adopted, or had a serious congenital defect .

His personal defects are a somewhat hostile reserve, conceit, and a narrow outlook....

Little analysis was apparent in many of the early Programmes - a defect that was never entirely overcome.

People are born with these defects but often show no outward signs of problems.

These defects are readily apparent in this case.

II. verb

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Almost every Republican woman I know also defected in both elections.

At least one count in this region, Odulf, had already defected.

Home Secretary Jack Straw's record would be reason enough to defect from Labour.

If I am to live, I must defect with my aircraft.

Temptation to defect , 5 points.

They were paying him for defecting, for answering questions about his military service.

Two Conservatives have recently defected from the party, whose majority has dwindled to five in Parliament.

Who had persuaded the other to defect , to betray his fundamental principles in the name of personal loyalty?

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.