Meaning of PAIN in English

PAIN

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a chest pain

There are a number of causes of chest pain.

a cry of pain/despair/delight etc

A rock was loose and he fell with a sharp cry of surprise.

a pained expression (= one that shows you are in pain or feeling upset )

A pained expression crossed Rory’s face when he saw them together.

a scream of pain/terror/agony

My screams of terror awoke my parents.

aches and pains (= slight feelings of pain that are not considered to be serious )

Apart from the usual aches and pains, she felt all right.

acute pain

acute pain

be doubled up/over with laughter/pain etc

Both the girls were doubled up with laughter.

bear the pain

He knew that he couldn’t bear the pain much longer.

bring sb pleasure/joy/pain/grief etc

The decision brought him great relief.

cause pain

The infection can cause severe pain.

crazed with grief/pain/fear etc

He was crazed with grief after the death of his mother.

dull...pain

He drank some alcohol to dull the pain .

ease the pain/stress/tension

He’ll give you something to ease the pain.

give/let out a yelp of pain/dismay/surprise etc

The water was hotter than she had expected, and she gave an involuntary yelp.

go through the pain barrier

Iona reached the final, but she had to go through the pain barrier to get there.

growing pains

the growing pains of a new republic

intense pain

She felt an intense pain in her right shoulder.

nagging pain

Lee had a nagging pain in her back.

pain and suffering

the pain and suffering caused by road accidents

pain barrier

Iona reached the final, but she had to go through the pain barrier to get there.

pain...unbearable

The pain was almost unbearable .

period pain

physical pain

She bravely endured great physical pain.

relieve pain

What’s the best way of relieving back pain?

sb’s pain threshold (= your ability or inability to deal with pain )

‘Will it hurt?’ ‘That all depends on your pain threshold.’

scream in/with pain

We could hear her screaming in pain.

severe pain

He was in severe pain and unable to call for help.

shooting pains (= continuous short pains passing through your body )

stomach pains/cramps

He complained of acute stomach pains.

writhe in pain/agony etc

He lay writhing in pain.

yell (out) in surprise/pain etc

Clare yelled in pain as she fell.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

abdominal

There was a reduction in her stool frequency, an improvement in her abdominal pain , and a less productive cough.

Some of them lost weight, but mainly because their abdominal pain was so intense they did not want to eat.

During an ectopic pregnancy, the foetus damages or ruptures surrounding tissue as it grows, which causes abdominal pain .

Doctors now routinely use super-sensitive blood and urine tests to screen women suffering from any lower abdominal pain .

I had barely dropped off to sleep when I was suddenly awakened b sharp abdominal pains .

There was abdominal pain without a doubt and that nagging temperature of 102.5° - that was damn like a wire.

They were also asked if they had ever consulted a doctor about recurrent bowel symptoms or abdominal pain .

acute

This was a drug that would ease the acute pain that crucifixion brought to the victim.

Three fine calves had shown symptoms of acute gastric pain , I had treated them and they had died.

One of the most promising areas to find answers is in the treatment of acute pain .

They may suffer sickness, vomiting or acute pain , but they do not die.

It is useful to distinguish acute from chronic pain .

Chronic pain is continuous and unassociated with the physiological responses to acute pain such as sweating and tachycardia.

back

Walking can improve your posture and may prevent lower back pain .

One was written for a woman who said she suffered from insomnia and lower back pain .

Read in studio Still to come on Central News, living with back pain .

After the 1994 Olympics, Grinkov struggled with back pain , but the couple continued to skate as professionals.

He is an engineer who came to study the spine because of his own back pains .

Another side effect of flying in cramped quarters is back pain .

Therefore they may believe that their back pain , for example, is physical rather than addictive in origin.

And as Tavris has pointed out, chronic lower back pain can cause depression and irritability.

chronic

They paint a dismal picture for patients suffering from chronic pain .

I have had chronic low-back pain , with occasional flare-ups of worse pain, for at least five years.

The underlying mechanisms may also be relevant to some chronic neuropathic pain states.

Patients with muscle-contraction headaches often report chronic pain of long duration.

Physiological addiction may occur after repeated use of analgesics for relief from chronic pain .

And as Tavris has pointed out, chronic lower back pain can cause depression and irritability.

Paradoxical pain Editor, - David Bowsher defines paradoxical pain as chronic nociceptive pain that does not respond to morphine.

Ones that enhance the serotonin effects are often helpful in chronic pain disorders.

great

The faces are horribly contorted as if suffocating or in great pain , and their eyes seem to follow anyone who passes.

The enemy naturally realized this fully and took great pains to avoid the consequences.

He was obviously ill and in great pain .

Each additional acre, therefore, would be won at greater pain .

The wounded Commando on the ground, obviously in great pain , is an incentive for us to kill them.

Many Latina celebrities take great pains to appear as non-Latina as possible.

Macmillan took great pains to husband his energies.

But this was for Alvin a rare chance to see the child whose birth had caused him such great pain .

low

Walking can improve your posture and may prevent lower back pain .

One was written for a woman who said she suffered from insomnia and lower back pain .

Doctors now routinely use super-sensitive blood and urine tests to screen women suffering from any lower abdominal pain .

I have a very low threshold for pain .

And as Tavris has pointed out, chronic lower back pain can cause depression and irritability.

Examples are treating otitis media with antibiotics and treatments for lower back pain .

But no one would think to call a sprained ankle or lower back pain a mental disorder.

physical

He has endured mental anguish, mind-breaking guilts and lacerating physical pain .

I eat faster, learn to go on less sleep, can endure more physical pain .

It sort of goes in tandem with recovering from the physical pain .

Painful emotion in the prosurvival chain can suppress physical pain in the contrasurvival engrams.

After all, he detested physical pain and discomfort - and this excursion had promised both.

All the conditions that made physical pain greatest applied to her.

Now they were bloodcurdling as of an animal in intense physical pain .

The engram bank becomes severely distorted by painful emotion and the areas of painful emotion be-come severely distorted by physical pain elsewhere.

real

He took his left hand off the throttle and punched himself in the face. Real pain drove out fear.

I could not believe it-he had inflicted real pain on himself.

He's beginning to be a real pain .

She was in no real pain or distress.

The real pain is likely to be in the Midlands.

It is all one thing, a ruined city of trivia where people feel real pain .

Yet ... yet he hadn't felt any real pain , had he?

This whole capital punishment thing is becoming a real pain in the neck for a civilized society.

severe

This is a severe pleural pain of sudden onset, accompanied by fever and severe difficulty in breathing.

A: It may take good detective skills to determine the cause of sudden severe ear pain in a healthy child.

Afterwards he suffered severe stomach pains .

Gastric or other visceral crises with severe pain are sometimes a part of the syndrome.

Barbara Garnett, 74, was rushed in after complaining of severe stomach pains .

Kumi was 29 days old when she was euthanized after it was found she had kidney failure and was in severe pain .

Her main complaint was a severe pain which radiated to the left eyeball.

In fact, an ear infection alone can cause sudden severe pain as fluid builds up in the middle ear.

sharp

It was more than a headache; it was like a sharp pain right through the brain.

A loud buzz erupted above his head, and sharp pains tore at his cheeks and scalp.

A sharp pain twisted in Theda's guts.

He was very agitated. Sharp pains racked his wasting body.

The former Scarborough player felt a sharp pain in a knee against Scunthorpe United.

According to court documents, Arlington was sleeping in her home when she was awakened by a sharp head pain .

And suddenly a sharp pain as if stabbed in the gut.

Then one day at school I got a sharp pain in my stomach.

terrible

The pretty presenter was taken by ambulance to London's Charing Cross Hospital at 6 am with terrible stomach pains .

It was five minutes before he stopped yelling, before he started to absorb the terrible pain that burnt through his flesh.

She looked into his eyes and saw terrible pain and inconsolable grief.

In the terrible pain and surprise of the moment, both my pistols went off and fell from my hands.

He wanted to, but to be so close would expose him to that terrible pain of loss.

And after about three days, I was in terrible pain and started to bleed a lot.

■ NOUN

chest

This patient had a history of chest pain , although a negative exercise test had been recorded 7.5 months before the episode.

The patient may or may not have palpitations or chest pain associated with the attack.

She returned to the hospital in the early hours of Saturday 4 July complaining of increased chest pains .

I had the feeling I was disappointing him, and it filled me with a dull continuous inner chest pain .

The patient should have had central chest pain in the classic distribution for at least 15 minutes.

Was there any chest pain , palpitation, or shortness of breath just before consciousness was lost?

The right kind of exercise can cure back pain , headaches and chest pain.

Sore muscles are not the only possibility to explain cough and chest pain .

relief

It takes about 20 minutes to work and can give almost total pain relief .

The advantage of this approach is that pain relief may be obtained without causing disturbance of sensation over the face and cornea.

Objective assessment of pain in necessary to ensure adequate pain relief .

Give drugs regularly and let the doctor know if you think more pain relief would be helpful.

Particular care needs to be taken over: i. accidents or surgical procedures where anaesthetics and appropriate pain relief must be given.

Such forecasts are like aspirins: they have no long term effect but do bring immediate pain relief .

So, next time these problems come along, you can be sure of fast, effective pain relief with Calpol.

Guidelines are suggested for pain relief and should be tailored to the individual patient's needs.

stomach

The pretty presenter was taken by ambulance to London's Charing Cross Hospital at 6 am with terrible stomach pains .

Two days later, after refusing to eat and complaining of stomach pain , Jimmy was hospitalized.

Afterwards he suffered severe stomach pains .

This plant, he explained, cured stomach pains and promoted circulation of the blood.

Barbara Garnett, 74, was rushed in after complaining of severe stomach pains .

People eating contaminated whipped cream quickly become ill with stomach pains .

Whilst in Fort William she was taken ill with stomach pains .

Digestive system Stomach pain , bloating, belching, intermittent diarrhoea.

■ VERB

cause

I hate that I cause her so much pain .

I want my speeches to go from causing pain to feeling it.

Although of course they still cause considerable pain to any animal caught in them wild or domestic.

Rest: Stop the activity that caused the pain and lie down.

A vet, may be able to suggest some treatment to help ease tight muscles causing the pain .

Taking an extra dollar from a rich person would cause less pain than taking an extra dollar from a poor one.

If an exercise ever causes you any pain you must stop immediately.

You may experience sleep difficulties caused by pain associated with surgery or other medical conditions such as arthritis.

control

Morphine and its related narcotics have proved extremely useful in their ability to control pain .

All I could do was control the pain .

Aside from purely humanitarian reasons, there are other more practical reasons for aiming to control pain .

Our results show that poorly controlled surgical pain significantly reduces tissue-oxygen tension.

Wounds healed with little fever or discharge and patients seldom needed opium to control post-operative pain .

Doctors may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs to control both inflammation and pain .

cry

He cried out in pain and stumbled back against the wall.

Weary was crying because of horrible pains in his feet.

Sonny began to cry from pain and fear.

Consequently, it produced more smoke than flames and Ridley cried out in pain .

He held his stomach and cried out in pain .

He increased the pressure on her wrist causing her to cry out in pain and to drop the glass.

The boat seemed to be crying out in pain , like an arthritic suddenly called upon to use weak muscles.

ease

It helps to ease my pain , even though you aren't hearing me.

Knowing this should help to ease your pain and anguish.

Global marketing; big drugs companies try to ease the pain of more competition by selling products worldwide.

If illness or injury strikes, medical professionals are normally close by, ready to ease pain and begin treatment.

It shows that positive policies to ease the pain of job-loss are now the norm rather than the exception.

It is state officials who are responsible for finding victims and easing their pain with financial help.

Her one hope was an operation to ease the pain .

On several occasions she was admitted to the hospital and spent several days there undergoing traction to ease the pain .

experience

It is necessary to experience anxiety, pain , and death because we are alive.

An involuntary action is set up which causes him to withdraw his hand even before he experiences any sensation of pain .

As the Old Bailey Chronicle reported, Smith experienced excessive pain when first turned off, but that ceased almost immediately.

Left fielder Billy Ashley experienced pain in his left hamstring Saturday while running out of the box.

When the patient's spasticity is controlled, he will no longer experience any pain .

But the company is experiencing growing pains as competition heats up.

At some time in our lives most of us will experience back pain - for some the consequences can be devastating.

Like them, she has experienced the pain of being fat, and can even joke about it.

feel

It was feeling pain , like me.

Shocked and feeling pain , I began to cry.

He felt the pain of her parents.

Don't feel the pain , the rust.

As he stood, he felt an odd wobbling pain on his right side, just above the hip.

Her hand came down on top of a large bunch of them and she felt a sudden stinging pain .

Auto dealers also may feel some pain as car sales will slow after two strong years.

inflict

And he was carrying no thunder-and-fire stick to inflict pain on them.

The threat to inflict pain may trigger fears more damaging than the immediate sensation of pain.

She looked into his eyes, into their endless blackness, seeking silent reassurance that he would inflict no more pain .

You are just lying there with these people washing, dressing and at the same time inflicting pain on you.

He had to inflict pain on people he was told were enemies.

Bougies were inserted into the urethra, and these got bigger and bigger, inflicting great pain and considerable nausea.

We all think it wrong to inflict pain gratuitously, but our reason for obeying this principle is not that others do.

relieve

However, any treatment to relieve pain and suffering may well be justified even if this leads to an earlier death.

Credited with everything from obliterating hot flashes to relieving pain , soy is one of the current health-media darlings.

Oral aspirin is difficult if the patient is nauseated and vomiting and the opiate given to relieve pain may delay gastric motility.

This doctor did not advise me of anything I could do to relieve the pain .

Near the end Joey Beauchamp relieved the pain with his second goal of the season.

Physiotherapy also helps prevent bed sores and relieves the pain that comes from staying in one position too long.

This can be uncomfortable and requires plenty of gnawing to relieve the growing pain .

Supporters called it an effort to help the ill obtain marijuana to relieve nausea, chronic pain and other maladies.

suffer

The doctors said he suffered no pain and was very restful at the end.

And that he suffered pain and injury should not be diminished.

Miss Preston suffered muscle pain and stiffness after the attack.

Sister, I am suffering so much pain .

They suffered from pains in the head or indescribable sensations of uneasiness in the bowels.

Pippen is suffering from pain in his back, knees and ankles.

Afterwards he suffered severe stomach pains .

Two people may suffer pain from the same apparent origin; and yet their pain will not yield to the same analgesic.

take

Suddenly like Matisse in a three-piece suit and consultant's white coat, I take infinite pains to keep this model alive.

But the Second Vatican Council had taken pains to correct this notion.

Do you think I'd take you to pain ?

Roy Anderson took great pains to ensure there were no more surprises for any of the players in the unfolding drama.

Klausner and Rimer both took pains Tuesday not to criticize the consensus panel report, which has not been finalized.

Macmillan took great pains to husband his energies.

Congress takes great pains to avoid reminding voters that they themselves finance such mailings.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

appetite/cough/pain etc suppressant

It was designed for use as an appetite suppressant , to be taken along with a certain pill.

blind with tears/rage/pain etc

She turned her back again, her shoulders heaving, her eyes blind with tears.

dart of guilt/panic/pain etc

She held her breath on another quick dart of guilt.

The words echoed unspoken in her brain, sending tiny darts of pain through her veins.

pained expression/look/voice etc

As you began again, all of us around you exchanged more pained looks.

He assumed a pained expression and averted his eyes.

He finally looked at Cantor, a pained expression on his face.

His mouth was set in a prim, pained expression of disapproval.

Larry, my stepfather, sits stiffly with a pained expression on his face.

Rex made with the crossed eyes and suitably pained expression.

The ubiquitous man with the pained expression vanishes.

You noticed a vaguely pained expression enter Jackson's eyes, as if he was wondering why nothing ever proved simple.

shout in pain/anger/frustration etc

spare sb the trouble/difficulty/pain etc (of doing sth)

stab of pain/disappointment/fear etc

As Grant hurried down the narrow concrete stairs, he felt the first warning stab of pain in his torn thigh muscle.

I bit my arm and was grateful for the stab of pain, for the resistance of the bone beneath the skin.

I felt a sharp stab of disappointment and was surprised and angry at myself.

Instinctively he rolled in the saddle and felt the white-hot stab of pain as something sharp scored a line across his shoulders.

She stretched, and little stabs of pain shot through her.

Supposing, he thought, with a stab of fear, he was never going to have any friends?

The policeman pinched his eyes as if overcome with a sudden stab of pain.

the pain barrier

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

A slipped disc can cause severe back pain .

He told the doctor he was suffering from chest pains.

In college, Durban began to suffer from headches and pain in his arms and legs

Kerry had to drive herself to the hospital when the labor pains began.

The pain is getting worse.

The drug is often used to ease the pain of dying cancer patients.

the pleasures and pains of trying to earn money as a writer

You won't feel any pain during the operation.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Dash put his head in his hands, as if in pain .

If unusual pain or symptoms occur consult physician.

It is state officials who are responsible for finding victims and easing their pain with financial help.

Over time, the pain usually lessens and goes away, but this may take several months to several years.

These are the truly intractable pains and they are called intractable because they respond to no known form of therapy.

They simply tell us that some one has some very specific desires, aches and pains.

Two days later, after refusing to eat and complaining of stomach pain , Jimmy was hospitalized.

II. verb

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

appetite/cough/pain etc suppressant

It was designed for use as an appetite suppressant , to be taken along with a certain pill.

blind with tears/rage/pain etc

She turned her back again, her shoulders heaving, her eyes blind with tears.

dart of guilt/panic/pain etc

She held her breath on another quick dart of guilt.

The words echoed unspoken in her brain, sending tiny darts of pain through her veins.

pained expression/look/voice etc

As you began again, all of us around you exchanged more pained looks.

He assumed a pained expression and averted his eyes.

He finally looked at Cantor, a pained expression on his face.

His mouth was set in a prim, pained expression of disapproval.

Larry, my stepfather, sits stiffly with a pained expression on his face.

Rex made with the crossed eyes and suitably pained expression.

The ubiquitous man with the pained expression vanishes.

You noticed a vaguely pained expression enter Jackson's eyes, as if he was wondering why nothing ever proved simple.

stab of pain/disappointment/fear etc

As Grant hurried down the narrow concrete stairs, he felt the first warning stab of pain in his torn thigh muscle.

I bit my arm and was grateful for the stab of pain, for the resistance of the bone beneath the skin.

I felt a sharp stab of disappointment and was surprised and angry at myself.

Instinctively he rolled in the saddle and felt the white-hot stab of pain as something sharp scored a line across his shoulders.

She stretched, and little stabs of pain shot through her.

Supposing, he thought, with a stab of fear, he was never going to have any friends?

The policeman pinched his eyes as if overcome with a sudden stab of pain.

the pain barrier

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

His war wound which had pained him earlier was now turning to agony.

She is pained that he can exclude her from his life.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.