Meaning of PROBABILITY in English
 PROBABILITY

noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
conditional
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Those studies specified and estimated the conditional probability of leaving unemployment.
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The conditional probability of leaving the spell is also very small for men aged 55 and over compared to teenage men.
great
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The less compatible a pair the greater the probability that their relationship will regress in the presence of another animal.
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The closer one is to a second language group, either socially or psychologically, the greater the probability of adequate learning.
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But we have a greater probability that we shall selfdestruct.
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Intuitively, any wage increase reduced employment and all workers therefore face a greater probability of being unemployed.
high
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Even when the correct word was given a high probability , there were many other words with an equally high probability.
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Does he need a home run so bad that he should risk the high probability of a strikeout?
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Even when the correct word was given a high probability , there were many other words with an equally high probability.
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They have shown that certain approaches have a high probability of success, while others, a high probability of failure.
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Wycliffe thought they would be pretty high , so probability favoured a link.
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They have shown that certain approaches have a high probability of success, while others, a high probability of failure.
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Also there is a high probability that your holiday meals were lower in roughage than your own regime at home.
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The more evidence, the more acceptable it is and the higher the probability of truth.
low
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Speed up in the parsing process can then be achieved by eliminating low probability parses. 5.8.
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These are then subdivided into high, reasonable and low probability .
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Transitions or changes which have a notably high or low probability can be identified, as reasons for their prominence sought.
statistical
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The equivalent statistical probabilities for the proven component of proven and probable reserves are 90 percent and 10 percent respectively.
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Does it depend on the statistical probability of a crash?
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That is, the position of a particle could not be defined with absolute certainty, but only by statistical probability .
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The extremes of a statistical distribution represent unpredictably rare individual events, which have very low values of statistical probability .
strong
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There is a strong probability , had such evidence been given, that the government would have been gravely embarrassed.
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One can speak here only of strong probability , not of absolute certainty.
transitional
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However, a knowledge of pairwise transitional probability is often insufficient to select the target word string.
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All permutations of transitional probabilities arising out of the character recognition are calculated to give an associated probability for a given string.
■ NOUN
distribution
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The concept of correlations, like that of probability distributions , can be extended to higher orders, by defining quantities such as.
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This is extended so that for any given phrase there is a probability distribution over the objects that can be the immediate constituents.
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This allows the map data to be replaced by probability distributions of known form and parameters.
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Similarly there is also a probability distribution over the ordering of items in a phrase.
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It is often easier to assess a continuous probability distribution than a set of specific values.
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Instead, both position and velocity would have to be smeared out with some probability distribution around the nucleus.
score
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Each combination was given a probability score based on its occurrence in a large corpus.
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The probability score can also improve the efficiency of the parsing algorithm by pruning out lowprobability alternatives.
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Input to the process is a graph of inactive edges marked with phoneme labels and possibly other information such as acoustic probability score .
theory
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It is at least arguable, moreover, that no probability theory allows for the explanation of single events.
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These employ probability theory , hence the term probabilistic sampling.
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Statistical analysis of data requires an understanding of basic fourfigure maths, algebra, probability theory , and calculus.
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Experimental backing is an aspect of probability theory and statistics.
transition
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Matrix R is the transition probability matrix raised to the power two.
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The table of transition probabilities for the travel example would be laid out as shown in Table 6.2.
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It is usual to find a progression indicating significant transition probabilities to many vibrational levels of the modes concerned.
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Both systems use transition probabilities between syntactically tagged form class pairs to prune the search.
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Reducing the length One version of the Edinburgh syntactic component used pairwise transition probabilities between words.
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Many different patterns of foggy and clear days could produce the same numerical values for the transition probabilities in the example.
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This is what the transition probability matrix tells us.
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When the actual counts were converted to transition probabilities the results shown in Table 6.4 were obtained.
■ VERB
assign
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Each rule in the grammar was assigned a probability .
based
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The words are then assigned a rating based on the probability of the grammatical transitions that their tags participate in.
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Children with formal operations typically respond to this kind of problem with responses based on probability .
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What about measures based on odds rather than probabilities ?
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Most text retrieval systems have been based on statistics and probabilities .
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Any clusterer should be founded on some kind of theory based on probabilities .
calculate
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Ninety five percent confidence intervals for the relative risk was calculated using exact probabilities .
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A young Salomon Brothers trader named Howie Rubin began to calculate the probability of homeowners' prepaying their mortgages.
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To calculate the joint probability of the coincidence occurring in any one minute we multiply the two separate probabilities.
give
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Even when the correct word was given a high probability , there were many other words with an equally high probability.
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Each combination was given a probability score based on its occurrence in a large corpus.
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The probabilities of each route have to be calculated and summed to give the total probability.
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All one can give are probabilities that particles will be emitted in certain modes.
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All permutations of transitional probabilities arising out of the character recognition are calculated to give an associated probability for a given string.
increase
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However, by making further efforts to improve certain facets of the project, the manager could increase this probability to 0.7.
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These latter two actions increase the probability that a client will carry through with the contract.
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The indications are that the existence of one difficulty increases the probability that other stresses will also occur.
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The child is given drinks throughout the night to increase the probability of urinating and providing a lot of opportunities to practise.
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The application of these tests may increase the probability of rejecting the null hypothesis when it is in fact true.
occur
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These are in relation to the degree of probability of damage occurring , negligent omissions and multiple causes of harm.
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But the probability for this to occur decreases very rapidly with decreasing temperature.
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This is the estimated payoff in money terms of a given event multiplied by the probability of that event occurring .
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To calculate the joint probability of the coincidence occurring in any one minute we multiply the two separate probabilities.
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In practice the probability of such words occurring in adjacent positions is so low that the problem is negligible. 4.10.
reduce
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But we can and must work towards reducing probabilities .
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Nothing could reduce its probability , and hence there could be no reasons for supposing it false.
represent
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Where the applicant has no representation and the respondent is legally represented the applicant's probability of success is reduced to 10%.
use
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To overcome this problem, Sayre did not use probability information.
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Both systems use transition probabilities between syntactically tagged form class pairs to prune the search.
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It tends to be used for problems where probability is a key factor.
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Ninety five percent confidence intervals for the relative risk was calculated using exact probabilities .
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Phases of multiply measured reflections were combined using the phase probability coefficients.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
the balance of evidence/probability etc
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A decision is made only on the balance of probabilities.
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After looking at the credentials for miraculous claims, Hume came to the conclusion that the balance of probabilities counted against them.
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All those defences are for the defendant to establish on the balance of probabilities.
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The burden of proof in establishing the defence is upon the defendant on the balance of probabilities.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
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Genetic tests show a 99.4 percent probability that Hill is the child's father.
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The probability of catching the disease from your partner is extremely low.
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There is a 90% probability that the hurricane will hit the coast of Florida later today.
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There is a strong probability that the problem will recur if we do not deal with it now.
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War is a real probability .
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We must increase our efforts to reduce the probability of such an accident happening again.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
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Children with formal operations typically respond to this kind of problem with responses based on probability .
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Citing mathematical probabilities clearly does not establish the nonexistence of extraterrestrial being.
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Most students need probability and statistics more than they need calculus.
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They have rewritten the record books, stormed the male bastion of Grandmaster chess, and defied the laws of probability .
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They have shown that certain approaches have a high probability of success, while others, a high probability of failure.
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We talk, therefore, of probabilities or outcomes provided circumstances do not change.
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What about measures based on odds rather than probabilities?
Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary. Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5. 2012