# SUM

## Meaning of SUM in English

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a huge amount/sum/quantity etc

huge sums of money

a sum of money ( also an amount of money )

£10,000 seemed a huge sum of money to me.

do a calculation/sum (= use numbers to find out a figure, price etc )

I did a quick calculation on a piece of paper.

lump sum

When you retire you’ll get a lump sum of £80,000.

paltry sum

paltry sum of money

sum total

That’s the sum total of my knowledge about it.

the princely sum of

My savings had now reached the princely sum of £30.

the sum total (= the whole of an amount, when everything is added together )

This was the sum total of her grandfather's possessions.

vast amounts/numbers/quantities/sums etc (of sth)

The government will have to borrow vast amounts of money.

The refugees come across the border in vast numbers .

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

considerable

Yes, both Place and Egan had considerable sums stowed away from various jobs.

Owing to the large amount of work demanded, this would be quite a considerable sum .

In mass transit, private bus companies spend considerable sums to influence legislatures, to get and keep their contracts.

The followers of this cult are, nevertheless, looking to the future and investing considerable sums of money in it.

The crisis has been caused partly by the reluctance of self-employed family doctors to invest the considerable sums needed to computerise.

Minna had spent a considerable sum of money on me and I could not die a swindler.

enormous

Virtually all Third World countries were Spending enormous sums on war or preparation for war, despite staggering debts and dreadful poverty.

Lawyers are really expert at making you pay enormous sums for their advice.

fixed

The policy guarantees a fixed sum to your pet if you die.

Recall that a bond is an asset that earns a fixed sum of money for its owner each year.

If the authority receives a fixed sum 31, then it is able to purchase more of the publicly provided good.

Usually this is a fixed sum which, at the time of writing seems to average around £90.

From each performance they were given either a fixed sum or collected money from the crowd for charity.

This petty cash is kept on the imprest system, whereby the petty cashier is entrusted with a fixed sum of money.

The petty cashier must always account for a certain fixed sum of money. 2.

He would then have drawings and quantities prepared and would invite tenders for a fixed sum .

great

One of its ideas is that of holism - the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.

Is it thus greater than the sum of the individual parts?

Labor provides Daley with his strongest personal support and contributes great sums to his campaigns.

A plan consists of time, resources and indicated action but the whole is much greater than the sum of the parts.

It was their intention to suggest that the negative total was greater than the sum of his recent accomplishments.

On the other hand, it was no great sum and Hope's custom had given him publicity.

huge

The major companies operating in these markets spend huge sums on marketing in order to promote their products globally.

The only alternative to raising huge sums of money is to have it already.

All Mr Fractor did was write huge sums on his blackboards.

Though banks lend huge sums to firms, banks are not the only source of lending.

It was completed in 1970, at a cost of one billion dollars - a huge sum in those days.

Achieving the goal of absolute purity would cost an additional huge but undetermined sum .

On top of that come huge sums of cheap credit to enterprises which must be reduced if inflation is to be controlled.

Each vessel must have cost a huge sum , and carried at least a score of men on board.

large

In addition, he was ordered to pay large sums of money to the government as compensation for his negligence.

Format Many public libraries now spend large sums on paperbacks, and budget for them separately.

He advanced large sums to Parliament and later invested heavily on his own account in the purchase of bishops' lands.

It often saves large sums in absenteeism and recruitment as companies retain a better workforce.

This will require them to deal with complex legal questions and to control large sums of money.

The Crown needed larger sums for longer periods than London financiers could provide.

Retail and wholesale banks alike raise large sums of money on this market, and lend their surpluses there.

Other Defences Consent People can - and often do for large sums of money - agree to be defamed.

modest

It was a very modest sum for Helmut.

In fact, investing had been on my mind because of a modest sum of money that had unexpectedly come my way.

Participating organisations will receive modest sums to defray recruiting, training and reporting costs.

Yet this one modest sum brings you some remarkable advantages.

It is £1,685.02, a fairly modest sum after nearly seven years of investment.

Added to which, these were simple people who worked hard for modest sums of money.

nominal

He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum .

It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum , say £1.

These were leased for a nominal sum from a very understanding Tangmere Parish Council.

paltry

Little of these paltry sums is likely to be new money, most being sliced off existing allocations.

But the total amount of helium-3 in Uranus and Neptune is vastly larger than this paltry sum .

That is why men and women come on these schemes for such a paltry sum .

princely

Our local CAA-approved doctor charges the princely sum of £65 for similar services.

Like the other outreach workers Saturday, Harris earned the princely sum of \$ 24 for her hours of outreach.

And young activists can win the princely sum of £100 if they come up with the winning slogan.

Eventually, they were returned to Quedlinburg, but not before the heirs of Joe Meador had collected a princely sum .

This was a princely sum in the year of our Lord, 1926.

Tim is doing a one-year cabinetmaking course with me and paying a princely sum for the pleasure of doing it.

The result was that it had been increased only twice and now stood at the princely sum of £30.

They would happily pay out princely sums for completely new garments made from superior imported cloths.

small

His Milton and Dante fetch pathetically small sums in comparison with the labour and skill they cost.

Others took in smaller sums , but it added up.

Even putting by a relatively small sum on a regular basis can lead to a healthy nest-egg after a few years.

They insist there is no pot of gold, but relatively small sums at best.

There are few more cost-effective ways to invest relatively small sums of money than reinstating the support funding for tourism.

This meant that even customers with small sums of money could he made to do large pieces of business.

Two large denomination bills on top, the rest a small sum .

Plenty of managers have had spectacular short-term records when they ran relatively small sums .

substantial

As you would expect, a project of this kind requires substantial sums of money to set up.

People have gained confidence in sending substantial sums off to unseen institutions and working with them long-distance.

The field officer, after all, has the power to make a discharger spend a substantial sum of money.

He managed to raise 200, 000 pesos, a substantial sum in those days, to begin his religious order.

He is set to front a new rescue package, with a mystery backer ready to invest a substantial sum .

Now careless loss of a substantial sum of money.

It has redrawn the boundaries between the public and private sectors in favour of the latter and raised substantial sums for the Treasury.

For those businesses requiring substantial sums of cash it is often appropriate to provide these from our Cash centres.

tidy

Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum .

Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum .

Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum ?

And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.

These represented a tidy sum , not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.

Still, I should be coming in for a tidy sum of compensation.

total

Klein reports that the total sums spent began a slow rise from the 1970s, reaching £39 million by 1983.

Next they weighed each new shopping plan against their total sum of money.

Each school received figures showing how the total sum available to them had been allocated under different headings.

But this total sum is distributed very unevenly among the schools.

The total sum is then debited to your Current Account.

The report also says that the total sum spent on improvements is far less than required.

In the case of unspecified valuables, there is a total sum insured and a separate single article limit.

The normal premium is about 10 percent of the total sum insured.

undisclosed

Disney said yesterday it had reached a settlement with one group of contractors for an undisclosed sum .

Koutros' attorney, Steven Thaler, said the case had been settled last year for an undisclosed sum .

Darlington conservatory maker Amdega bought a Staffordshire-based rival for an undisclosed sum .

Acquired by Houston from San Antonio for an undisclosed sum on Feb. 21, 1990.

Boots is selling Fine Art Wallcoverings to its management for an undisclosed sum .

However, he settled the case for an undisclosed sum in 1992.

Disney has an option to buy the entire 140, 000 square-foot site from Slough Estates for an undisclosed sum .

vast

Creditors and investors stood to lose vast sums .

Rather than expending vast sums on political posturing, we may in-stead choose to invest in potentially profitable space enterprises.

Shoppers will have more in their pockets and it will not cost companies vast sums to borrow for expansion.

And I recognize now that Kathie Lee is above all a humanitarian who raises vast sums for good causes.

Major record companies invest vast sums of money in new artists every year.

Most businesses, especially small businesses, can not afford to squander vast sums of money on such refined legalistic nit-picking.

Courts don't pay out vast sums of money for ruined holidays.

Her father had bought it for a vast sum from a sailor in a pub.

■ VERB

Marcella Tate came to the Incident Room and made her statement which added nothing to the sum of their knowledge.

But nobody fuses much over daily expenditures on sales and gasoline taxes -- even though they add up to large sums annually.

Equally it has to be acknowledged that misguided and failed protest has added to the sum of human misery.

But the whole doesn't always add up to the sum of its mostly clever parts.

This one is well researched, but I question whether it adds much to the sum total of our knowledge about Wellington.

give

When I accepted he suggested I might like to give him a certain sum to help the wine flow.

If a fire department were given a lump sum budget and allowed to keep any savings, these incentives would change.

Some state schools have followed the example of the independent schools in asking parents to give covenanted sums .

Had she wanted it, the Loreto Order would certainly have given her a reasonable sum to cover her expenses.

Should you wish to give away substantial sums of money which will reduce your savings you should notify the Department.

If they gave you ten sums , you were allowed to get only one wrong.

From each performance they were given either a fixed sum or collected money from the crowd for charity.

What if I wish to give a sum of capital or a sum in excess of my annual taxable income?

invest

Major record companies invest vast sums of money in new artists every year.

The followers of this cult are, nevertheless, looking to the future and investing considerable sums of money in it.

First, whether you are investing a lump sum or saving from income, you can never start too soon.

I am 74 years old and when I retired in 1982 I invested my lump sum pension with a brokerage.

There are few more cost-effective ways to invest relatively small sums of money than reinstating the support funding for tourism.

He has done well before and now wants to invest a large sum of money in your operation.

He is set to front a new rescue package, with a mystery backer ready to invest a substantial sum .

You can either invest both the original sum and interest for another fixed term.

involve

Reinstating a siding at Bedale would involve a five-figure sum .

The management offer involves a lump sum payment of £300 and a pay rise of about £8 a week from next July.

You will also handle projects involving large sums of public money.

For all the children, the best indicator of response time was the size of the smaller number involved in the sum .

pay

Lawyers are really expert at making you pay enormous sums for their advice.

Courts don't pay out vast sums of money for ruined holidays.

The firm had just paid him a fantastic sum of money.

If we are to pay out a large sum to cover the last cargo there must be some corroboration.

In addition the government would pay an annual sum equivalent to 6 percent interest on the transferred stock.

They paid large sums to secure their pitches.

Clubs will pay sums of four figures as secret bonuses or salary top-ups to their star players.

raise

At subsequent Forest Eyres in other counties the judges were clearly determined to raise large sums by fining the forest landowners.

The only alternative to raising huge sums of money is to have it already.

Such accommodation can often be let on a long lease or sold to raise a capital sum .

Fund-raisers used fears of destruction to raise the prodigious sums that fueled the entire machine.

This kind of flotation to raise large capital sums has already been seen in cases such as Bairstow Eves and Connells.

And I recognize now that Kathie Lee is above all a humanitarian who raises vast sums for good causes.

Though he may never have visited Leighton, he raised a considerable sum of money to repair the church.

Several dozen staffers worked in administration and finance, raising the ever-growing sums needed to keep the machine running.

She also received a cash lump sum from her Personal Accident Policy.

Dear Help Wanted: I may be receiving a lump sum of money to settle a workers' compensation claim.

Participating organisations will receive modest sums to defray recruiting, training and reporting costs.

Under a block grant approach, each state would receive a lump sum to be divided any way the state chose.

The average partner received a lump sum of \$ 7. 8 million from the sale.

spend

Format Many public libraries now spend large sums on paperbacks, and budget for them separately.

He spent extravagant sums for blockbuster articles by and about celebrities, and launched a circulation war against Life and Look.

The major companies operating in these markets spend huge sums on marketing in order to promote their products globally.

In mass transit, private bus companies spend considerable sums to influence legislatures, to get and keep their contracts.

Yet to win the big audiences that would attract advertising, the companies had to spend large sums on attractive programmes.

Minna had spent a considerable sum of money on me and I could not die a swindler.

The field officer, after all, has the power to make a discharger spend a substantial sum of money.

The Church argued that it was not worth spending such high sums on the building's repair.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a goodly number/sum/amount etc

It seems fair to assume that she will attract the attention of a goodly number of our countrymen.

Small Dave had spent a goodly amount of time impressing upon him the importance of finding a camel.

The Thatcher Years have been splendid ones for a goodly number of golf members throughout this Royal and Ancient land of ours.

a tidy sum/profit

In 1899, the mansion cost the tidy sum of \$350,000.

And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.

Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum.

Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum.

He has sold no less than five cars, each one at a tidy profit.

Nevertheless that blip was long enough for some one to make a tidy profit.

These represented a tidy sum, not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.

Until now they have made a tidy profit from selling re-issued pop hits from the fifties, sixties and seventies.

Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum?

nominal sum/charge/fee etc

A red cotton T-shirt or running vest is available at a nominal charge of £1.00 together with sponsorship forms.

He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum.

Homes for the elderly were shut, and formerly nominal charges increased and extended.

It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum, say £1.

The local agents provide an extensive catalogue of programs available at a nominal charge.

Those registered users of Word for Windows requiring the upgrade can obtain it from Microsoft for a nominal fee of £7.75inc.VAT.

Traditionally, the people's singing has been delegated to a choir which is generally paid a nominal fee.

Under the program, the government sold shares to citizens for a nominal fee to quickly transform state enterprises into private companies.

the sum assured

If you are aged over 55, Family Assurance Society will reduce the sum assured by £20 for each year above 55.

If you can not complete the declaration without qualification, the sum assured may also have to be reduced under your Bond.

the sum total

In his eyes I amount to nothing, much, much less than the sum total of him.

In the orthodox view the illness is considered to be the sum total of the symptoms and signs which it produces.

Indeed, the whole is considered to constitute more than just the sum total of its parts.

Is that the sum total of the charges against me?

That was the sum total of my formal education for the craft.

The built environment therefore equates to the sum total of all the assembled items which surround us, both natural and man-made.

They create the illusion that they are the sum total of their own accomplishments.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a lump-sum payment

A purse containing a small sum of money was found at Guildhall Square on March 20.

Apple has spent huge sums in its drive to penetrate new markets.

He offered to purchase the estate for the sum of \$80,000.

Instead of paying him a regular pension, they gave him a lump sum when he retired.

It'll be quicker if I use a calculator for these sums.

My uncle left me a small sum of money when he died.

She and the other workers received the princely sum of \$14 for the evening's work.

She left a small sum of money to her two granddaughters.

She puts away small sums of money when she can afford to.

Stars like Chaplin earned \$2000 a week, which was an enormous sum in those days.

The apartment cost over \$25,000, which was an enormous sum in those days.

The case was settled for an undisclosed sum last year.

They are asking \$40 for the new software, almost twice the sum it costs when bought via the Internet.

We had to do some really hard sums today.

You can receive your bonus in monthly instalments, or as a lump sum .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A lump sum would be paid to a trade association or similar body.

But when all had been settled, it seemed that Phil could expect a sum of only about six thousand pounds.

If it is less than £1.05 a week, it will be paid as a lump sum once a year.

Take your pension in lump sum rather than in monthly checks.

This sum will be doubled up to £80,000, if both husband and wife die as a result of the same accident.

This procedure applies to actions brought for the recovery of a sum , in either contract or tort, not exceeding £1000.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

up

Reading the judge's summing up , they were obviously about to do so.

But to sum up , he is beginning to feel that lawyers have contributed significantly to the disintegration of our country.

She prefaces her book with an attempt to sum up the whole hideous story.

That suggested strategy comes at a time when the Dole campaign is concerned about two words that sum up the campaign.

To sum up , here are some of the benefits a Mercantile Credit Personal Loan offers.

And there was a little argument between two security men about some detail of crowd positioning that seemed to sum up everything.

To sum up , a translator can not always follow the thematic organization of the original.

■ NOUN

judge

The judge has been summing up the case against Harper and the jury will consider the case against him tomorrow.

The judge will sum up the evidence tomorrow before asking the jury to consider a verdict.

■ VERB

seem

And there was a little argument between two security men about some detail of crowd positioning that seemed to sum up everything.

It's a work that must have seemed to sum up the traumas of the war years and their aftermath for you?

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a goodly number/sum/amount etc

It seems fair to assume that she will attract the attention of a goodly number of our countrymen.

Small Dave had spent a goodly amount of time impressing upon him the importance of finding a camel.

The Thatcher Years have been splendid ones for a goodly number of golf members throughout this Royal and Ancient land of ours.

a tidy sum/profit

In 1899, the mansion cost the tidy sum of \$350,000.

And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.

Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum.

Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum.

He has sold no less than five cars, each one at a tidy profit.

Nevertheless that blip was long enough for some one to make a tidy profit.

These represented a tidy sum, not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.

Until now they have made a tidy profit from selling re-issued pop hits from the fifties, sixties and seventies.

Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum?

nominal sum/charge/fee etc

A red cotton T-shirt or running vest is available at a nominal charge of £1.00 together with sponsorship forms.

He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum.

Homes for the elderly were shut, and formerly nominal charges increased and extended.

It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum, say £1.

The local agents provide an extensive catalogue of programs available at a nominal charge.

Those registered users of Word for Windows requiring the upgrade can obtain it from Microsoft for a nominal fee of £7.75inc.VAT.

Traditionally, the people's singing has been delegated to a choir which is generally paid a nominal fee.

Under the program, the government sold shares to citizens for a nominal fee to quickly transform state enterprises into private companies.

the sum total

In his eyes I amount to nothing, much, much less than the sum total of him.

In the orthodox view the illness is considered to be the sum total of the symptoms and signs which it produces.

Indeed, the whole is considered to constitute more than just the sum total of its parts.

Is that the sum total of the charges against me?

That was the sum total of my formal education for the craft.

The built environment therefore equates to the sum total of all the assembled items which surround us, both natural and man-made.

They create the illusion that they are the sum total of their own accomplishments.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Ask the task orientated member to regularly sum up where the meeting has reached.

It is possible to sum up the Pauline arguments in terms of two directives.

Three words to sum up the feelings of the Hereford fans on Saturday.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.