Meaning of ANY in English

I. an ‧ y 1 S1 W1 /ˈeni/ BrE AmE determiner , pronoun

1 . [usually in questions and negatives] some or even the smallest amount or number:

Have you got any money?

Do you need any further information?

any of

Are any of the paintings for sale?

They didn’t invite any of us.

Are there any other questions?

They haven’t shown any interest at all in my research.

The universities have shown few if any signs of a willingness to change.

2 . used to refer to a person or thing of a particular type when what you are saying is true of all people or things of that type:

Any child who breaks the rules will be punished.

Always check the details carefully before you sign any written agreement.

I can see you any time on Monday.

If I can help in any way, let me know.

any of

You can choose any of the books on the list.

This excuse was as good as any other.

3 . as much as possible:

They’re going to need any help they can get.

4 . not just any (old) man/woman/job etc used to say that someone or something is special:

She’s not just any actress, she’s one of the best.

⇨ any old thing at ↑ old (10), ⇨ any old how at ↑ old (11), ⇨ not in any way at ↑ way 1 (40)

II. any 2 S2 BrE AmE adverb [usually in questions and negatives]

1 . used before the comparative form of an adjective to mean ‘even a small amount’:

I can’t run any faster.

Are you feeling any better?

2 . not any more/longer if something does not happen any more or any longer, it used to happen but does not happen now:

Sarah doesn’t live here any more.

He was told he wasn’t wanted any longer.

3 . American English spoken used with a verb to mean ‘at all’:

We tried talking to him but that didn’t help any.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.