Meaning of BODY in English
bod ‧ y S1 W1 /ˈbɒdi $ ˈbɑːdi/ BrE AmE noun ( plural bodies )
[ Language: Old English ; Origin: bodig ]
1 . PEOPLE/ANIMALS [countable] the physical structure of a person or animal:
the human body
My fingers were numb and my whole body ached.
Your body temperature is higher in the daytime than at night.
For their body size, these birds lay very small eggs.
He needs to overcome a negative body image (=what you think about your own body) .
2 . DEAD PERSON [countable] the dead body of a person:
A dog found the body of a girl in the woods.
3 . GROUP [countable] a group of people who work together to do a particular job or who are together for a particular purpose:
The British Medical Association is the doctors’ professional body.
There were reports of a large body of armed men near the border.
Kaplan served on the governing body of the museum (=the group who control the museum) .
The student body (=all the students in a school or college) numbers 5,000.
The research will be used by government departments and other public bodies (=groups whose work is connected to the government) .
in a body (=as a group, together)
The women moved towards the building in a body.
4 . body of something
a) a large amount or mass of something, especially something that has been collected
body of knowledge/evidence/opinion etc
There is now a considerable body of knowledge of the different stages of childhood.
There is a growing body of evidence that charges are too high.
b) the main, central, or most important part of something:
The arguments are explained in the body of the text.
Leave three blank lines between the date and the body of the letter.
5 . body of water a large area of water such as a lake:
The city was built near a large body of water.
6 . MIDDLE PART [countable] the central part of a person or animal’s body, not including the head, arms, legs, or wings:
Nick had bruises on his face and body.
The bird has a small body and long wings.
7 . VEHICLE [countable] the main structure of a vehicle not including the engine, wheels etc:
Workers at the factory are making steel bodies for cars.
8 . OBJECT [countable] technical an object that is separate from other objects:
Keep the caps on the bottles to prevent foreign bodies entering them (=objects that should not be there) .
⇨ heavenly body at ↑ heavenly (3)
9 . HAIR [uncountable] if your hair has body, it is thick and healthy:
This shampoo will give more body to your hair.
10 . TASTE [uncountable] if food or an alcoholic drink has body, it has a strong ↑ flavour (=taste) :
A small amount of tomato paste will give extra colour and body to the sauce.
11 . full/medium/light-bodied used to describe how much taste an alcoholic drink has, with a full bodied drink having the strongest taste:
a full bodied wine
12 . long/thick etc -bodied having a long, thick etc body:
a slim bodied orange-gold fish
⇨ ↑ able-bodied
13 . keep body and soul together to continue to exist with only just enough food, money etc:
He’s working at the shop to keep body and soul together.
14 . body and soul
She threw herself body and soul into her work.
b) the whole of a person:
They think they own the employees, body and soul.
15 . INSTRUMENT [countable] the wide part of a musical instrument such as a ↑ violin or ↑ guitar , or of a sports ↑ racket (=bat) :
The guitar is 16 inches wide across the body.
16 . CLOTHING [countable] British English a type of tight-fitting shirt worn by women that fastens between their legs SYN body suit American English
⇨ over my dead body at ↑ dead 1 (11)
• • •
▪ the human body
There are billions of cells in an adult human body.
▪ the female/male body
his drawings of the female body
▪ the upper/lower body
Slowly raise your upper body into a sitting position.
▪ sb’s whole body
Her whole body froze with fear.
■ body + NOUN
▪ body weight
You have exactly the right body weight for your height.
▪ body temperature
Exercise will raise your body temperature.
▪ body size/shape
differences in body size and shape
▪ body fluids
Replace your body fluids by drinking lots of water.
▪ body fat
Males have less body fat than females.
▪ body language (=the movements and expressions that show what you feel)
Nervousness is usually clearly expressed in body language.
▪ body image (=what you think you look like)
People tend to have their own body image fixed in their minds.
• • •
▪ body the shape, size, and appearance of someone’s body:
Many women are not happy with their bodies.
His clothes emphasized his strong body.
▪ figure a woman’s figure is the shape of her body – used especially when it is attractive:
She has a really nice figure.
Freya had an enviably slim figure.
▪ build the size and shape of someone’s body – used in the following phrases:
Police described the man as tall and of medium build.
He was of heavy build.
She has a very slight build.
▪ physique the size and appearance of someone’s body – used especially about men who look attractive:
He was over 1.8 m tall with a muscular physique.
Ben has a very athletic physique.
■ a dead body
▪ body noun [countable] the dead body of a person:
Her body was discovered at the bottom of a cliff.
Firefighters found the body of a woman in the house.
▪ corpse noun [countable] the dead body of a person. Corpse is is used when you are thinking about the body as an object rather than a person:
Pathologists examined the corpse.
▪ carcass noun [countable] the dead body of an animal:
a whale carcass
The carcasses of the infected animals were burned.
▪ remains noun [plural] parts of a dead person or animal, especially when they died a long time ago:
Police found human remains under the floorboards of the house.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012