Meaning of CAPITAL in English


I. cap ‧ i ‧ tal 1 S3 W1 /ˈkæpətl, ˈkæpɪtl/ BrE AmE noun

[ Sense 1, 3-4: Date: 1600-1700 ; Origin: ⇨ ↑ capital 2 ]

[ Sense 2,5: Date: 1600-1700 ; Language: French ; Origin: Italian capitale , from Latin capitalis ; ⇨ ↑ capital 2 ]

[ Sense 6: Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old North French ; Origin: capitel , from Late Latin capitellum , from Latin caput ; ⇨ ↑ capital 2 ]

1 . CITY [countable] an important city where the main government of a country, state etc is:

Washington D.C., the capital of the United States

2 . MONEY [singular, uncountable] money or property, especially when it is used to start a business or to produce more wealth:

The government is eager to attract foreign capital.

⇨ ↑ working capital , ↑ venture capital

3 . LETTER [countable] a letter of the alphabet written in its large form, used for example at the beginning of someone’s name ⇨ lower case , upper case

4 . CENTRE OF ACTIVITY [countable] a place that is a centre for an industry, business, or other activity:

Hollywood is the capital of the movie industry.

5 . make capital from/out of something to use a situation or event to help you get an advantage

6 . BUILDING [countable] technical the top part of a ↑ column (=a long stone post used in some buildings)

• • •


■ place with houses, shops, and offices

▪ city a large area with houses, shops, offices etc that is often the centre of government for an area. A city is bigger than a town :

The nearest big city is San Francisco.

▪ town a large area with houses, shops, offices etc. A town is smaller than a city :

La Coruña is a pretty seaside town.

▪ capital ( also capital city ) the city where the government of a country or state is:

We travelled to Budapest, the capital of Hungary.

▪ metropolis a big busy city that is full of people and activity:

After 1850 Paris grew quickly into a busy metropolis.

▪ urban adjective [only before noun] relating to towns and cities:

Air pollution is particularly bad in urban areas.


urban development

II. capital 2 S2 W3 BrE AmE adjective

[ Date: 1100-1200 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: capitalis , from caput 'head' ]

1 . a capital letter is one that is written or printed in its large form ⇨ lower case , upper case :

capital ‘B’

2 . relating to money that you use to start a business or to make more money:

capital investments

3 . capital offence/crime an offence that is punished by death

4 . trouble with a capital T, fast with a capital F etc informal used with any word in order to emphasize that you are talking about an extreme type of something

5 . old-fashioned excellent

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.