Meaning of CONSTRUCTION in English


con ‧ struc ‧ tion S3 W2 AC /kənˈstrʌkʃ ə n/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ construction , ↑ reconstruction , ↑ constructor , ↑ construct ; verb : ↑ construct , ↑ reconstruct ]

1 . BUILDING SOMETHING [uncountable] the process of building things such as houses, bridges, roads etc

construction of

the construction of a new airport

under construction (=being built)

The hotel is currently under construction.

a road construction project

construction workers

2 . MAKING SOMETHING FROM MANY PARTS [uncountable] the process of making something using many parts:

Work out the exact design before you start construction.

3 . WAY SOMETHING IS MADE [uncountable] the materials used to build or make something, or its design and structure:

The houses were partly timber in construction.

External doors should be of robust construction.

4 . A BUILDING/STRUCTURE [countable] formal something that has been built:

a modern construction

5 . GRAMMAR [countable] the way in which words are put together in a sentence, phrase etc:

difficult grammatical constructions

6 . IDEAS/KNOWLEDGE [uncountable] the process of forming something from knowledge or ideas:

the construction of sociological theory

7 . put a construction on something formal to think that a statement has a particular meaning or that something was done for a particular reason:

The judge put an entirely different construction on his remarks.

—constructional adjective

• • •


■ construction + NOUN

▪ the construction industry

The construction industry had a hard time during the recession.

▪ a construction company/firm

It’s the largest construction company in Mexico.

▪ a construction worker

Thousands of construction workers are out of work.

▪ construction work

Construction work on the new road is expected to take two years.

▪ a construction site (=an area where something is being built)

Safety is very important on a construction site.

▪ a construction project/programme

There are always a lot of large construction projects in Dubai.

▪ construction materials

expensive construction materials like cement and steel

▪ construction costs

The total construction costs will reach £125 million.

■ verbs

▪ be under construction (=be being built)

A new road is currently under construction.

▪ begin/start construction

Developers are planning to begin construction on a new housing project.

▪ complete construction

We expect to complete construction in January.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.