Meaning of FLOOD in English

I. flood 1 W3 /flʌd/ BrE AmE verb

1 . COVER WITH WATER [intransitive and transitive] to cover a place with water, or to become covered with water:

Towns and cities all over the country have been flooded.

The houses down by the river flood quite regularly.

2 . RIVER [intransitive and transitive] if a river floods, it is too full, and spreads water over the land around it:

There are now fears that the river could flood.

3 . GO/ARRIVE IN LARGE NUMBERS [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to arrive or go somewhere in large numbers SYN pour , flow :

Refugees are still flooding across the border.

Donations have been flooding in since we launched the appeal.

4 . flood something with something to send a very large number of things to a place or organization:

a plan to flood the country with forged banknotes

5 . be flooded with something to receive so many letters, complaints, or inquiries that you cannot deal with them all easily:

We’ve been flooded with offers of help.

6 . flood the market to produce and sell a very large number of one type of thing, so that the price goes down

flood the market with

Car manufacturers have been accused of flooding the market with cheap cars.

7 . LIGHT [intransitive and transitive] if light floods a place or floods into it, it makes it very light and bright

flood into

Light flooded into the kitchen.

flood something with something

The morning sun flooded the room with a gentle light.

8 . FEELING [I always + adv/prep,T] if a feeling or memory floods over you or floods back, you feel or remember it very strongly

flood over/back

I felt happiness and relief flooding over me.

Memories of my time in Paris flooded back.

9 . ENGINE [intransitive and transitive] if an engine floods or if you flood it, it has too much petrol in it, so that it will not start

flood somebody ↔ out phrasal verb

to force someone to leave their home because of floods

• • •


▪ wet to put water or another liquid onto something to make it wet. In spoken English, people will often use get something wet rather than wet :

He wet the washcloth and washed Tom’s face.

▪ splash to make someone or something wet by making a lot of small drops of water fall onto them:

The kids were playing around in the pool, splashing each other.


I accidentally splashed soup onto my shirt.

▪ soak to put something in water for a long time or to make something very wet – use this especially when something is put into water or the water comes up from underneath to make it wet:

Soak the beans overnight before cooking.


The rain had come in through the bottom of our tent and completely soaked our clothes.

▪ drench to make someone or something extremely wet with a large amount of water – use this especially when water is poured or falls on something:

He drenched us all with the hose.


Her shirt was drenched in sweat.

▪ saturate formal to completely cover or fill something with liquid, so that it is wet all the way through:

Heavy rains had saturated the ground.

▪ flood to cover an area of land with a large amount of water:

Farmers flood the fields in order to grow rice.

▪ moisten to make something slightly wet by putting a small amount of water or another liquid on it, especially to stop it from getting too dry:

Add just enough water to moisten the cake mixture.


Tom paused and moistened his lips.

▪ dampen to make something slightly wet by putting a little water on it:

Rain came in through the window, dampening the curtains.

II. flood 2 BrE AmE noun

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: flod ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] a very large amount of water that covers an area that is usually dry:

The village was cut off by floods.

the worst floods for over fifty years

2 . [countable] a very large number of things or people that arrive at the same time

flood of

The UN appealed for help with the flood of refugees crossing the border.

3 . in floods of tears crying a lot:

She came downstairs in floods of tears.

4 . in flood a river that is in flood has much more water in it than usual

⇨ flash flood at ↑ flash 3 (1)

• • •


■ natural disasters

▪ earthquake a sudden shaking of the earth’s surface that often causes a lot of damage:

A powerful earthquake struck the Indonesian island of Sulawesi.


It was the biggest earthquake to hit the Pacific Northwest for 52 years.

▪ flood a very large amount of water that covers an area that is usually dry:

Bangladesh has been hit by a series of devastating floods (=very bad floods) .


The crisis began with floods that covered one third of the countryside.

▪ drought a long period of dry weather when there is not enough water for plants and animals to live:

The country experienced its worst drought this century.


In East Africa, three years of drought have left 10 million people in urgent need of food and water.

▪ famine a situation in which a large number of people have little or no food for a long time and many people die:

Poor harvests led to famine.


4,000,000 people are threatened by famine in northern Ethiopia.

▪ hurricane a storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water – used about storms in the North Atlantic Ocean:

extreme weather such as hurricanes


Hurricane Andrew left southern Florida in ruins.

▪ typhoon a violent tropical storm – used about storms in the Western Pacific Ocean:

A typhoon has hit the Philippines, lifting roofs off houses and uprooting trees.

▪ tsunami a very large wave, caused by extreme conditions such as an earthquake, which can cause a lot of damage when it reaches land:

Thousands of people were killed in the tsunami.


Many Pacific earthquakes have generated tsunamis.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.