Meaning of FLOOD in English

I. ˈfləd noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English flood, flod, from Old English flōd; akin to Old High German fluot flood, Old Norse flōth, Gothic flodus; derivatives from the root of English flow

1. archaic : a body of moving water (as a river or stream) especially when large


a. : the flowing in of the tide : the semidiurnal swell or rise of water in the ocean

there is a tide in the affairs of men which, taken at the flood , leads on to fortune — Shakespeare

— opposed to ebb

b. : the highest point of a tide

the tide is nearly at the flood


a. : a rising and overflowing of a body of water that covers land not usually under water : deluge , freshet

a covenant never to destroy the earth again by flood — John Milton

— used with the to identify a flood of especially severity or local interest

still date things around here from the flood , which was about the biggest excitement we ever had

or, usually cap., the worldwide deluge reported in Gen 7

the Flood in the days of Noah


(1) : an outpouring of considerable extent

gave way in a flood of tears

(2) : a great downpour

raining in floods

4. : the element water

the rocky shore that forms a barrier between earth and flood

willing to go through fire and flood to gain his objective


a. : a great stream of something (as light or lava) that flows in a steady course

b. : a large quantity widely diffused : superabundance

a flood of spurious bank notes

soon had a flood of invitations

6. : floodlight

Synonyms: see flow

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb


a. : to cover or overwhelm with a flood : inundate , deluge

the river flooded the lowlands

b. : to cover or cause to be covered with water or other fluid

in some places it is economical to irrigate by flooding the fields at regular intervals

flood the bearings with oil

2. : to fill more or less completely with water or other fluid:

a. : to increase the elevation of the water in (a channel) especially in splashing logs or in nullifying the effectiveness of a fall over a dam ; also : splash

b. : to supply to (the carburetor of an internal-combustion engine) an excess of fuel sufficient to raise the fuel level in the float chamber above the fuel nozzle

c. : to fill (as a compartment of a submarine) with water admitted from the sea

d. : to fill (an oil sand) with water to expel the oil

e. : to apply excessive ink to in printing

the form was flooded and the halftones are too heavy and dark


a. : to fill to full capacity or to excess

shoppers flooded the streets

afferent impulses flood the brain in certain hysteric states

flooding the mails with circulars

b. : to distribute something in or provide with something in large quantities

flooding the country with ads

the room was flooded with light

intransitive verb


a. : to pour or issue like a flood

the milk flooded over the table

: overflow

wine flooding from the glass as her hand shook

b. : to become filled to excess with some fluid

our cellar floods after every heavy rain

c. of a tide : to run high

could tell how the tide was flooding — G.W.Brace

2. : to have an excessive menstrual flow or a uterine hemorrhage after childbirth

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.