Meaning of IMPORT in English

I. im ‧ port 1 W3 /ˈɪmpɔːt $ -ɔːrt/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ export ≠ ↑ import , ↑ exporter ≠ ↑ importer , ↑ exportation ≠ ↑ importation ; verb : ↑ export ≠ ↑ import ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] a product that is brought from one country into another so that it can be sold there, or the business of doing this OPP export :

a ban on beef imports

the abolition of import duties (=taxes)

import from

cheap imports from Asia

American demand for Japanese imports (=goods from Japan)

the import of electrical goods

2 . [countable] something new or different that is brought to a place where it did not previously exist:

The beetle is thought to be a European import.

3 . [uncountable] formal importance or meaning ⇨ significance :

a matter of no great import

• • •



▪ foreign imports

Foreign imports into Britain continued to grow in the 1970s.

▪ cheap imports

Farmers are complaining about cheap imports flooding the market.

▪ Japanese/French etc imports (=goods from Japan, France etc)

Japanese imports rose by 5% last year.

▪ oil/coal/food imports

The country is dependent on oil imports for almost all its basic energy needs.

▪ rice/sugar etc imports

There is pressure on the country to reduce its rice imports.

▪ agricultural imports

Restrictions on agricultural imports remain in place.

▪ essential imports

The country had problems paying for its essential imports.

▪ luxury imports

Higher duties were placed on luxury imports.

■ verbs

▪ increase imports

The company increased imports in order to cut domestic production costs.

▪ reduce/cut imports

New investment will reduce imports and save jobs.

▪ control/restrict imports (=reduce or put a limit on them)

The scheme aims to control imports of cheap goods.

▪ ban imports (=make them illegal)

The organization wants the government to ban imports of exotic birds.

▪ imports increase/rise/grow

Imports increased by 13 percent last year.

▪ imports fall/drop

Imports of consumer goods fell sharply in December.

■ import + NOUN

▪ an import ban

The US imposed an import ban on several types of fish.

▪ import restrictions/controls (=laws which reduce or limit the amount of imports)

Severe import controls were introduced.

▪ import quotas (=limits on the number of imports allowed)

Each country introduced its own import quotas.

▪ import taxes/duties/tariffs

The US imposed huge import duties on products from Europe.

• • •


▪ product noun [countable] something that is made or produced in large quantities, usually in order to be sold:

consumer products such as mobile phones


dairy products

▪ goods noun [plural] things that are produced in order to be sold, especially for use in the home:

They sell furniture and other household goods.


electrical goods


white goods (=large electrical goods used in the home such as washing machines and refrigerators)

▪ commodity noun [countable] formal a type of product or raw material that can be bought and sold – used especially about basic food products, metals, and fuels:

The decline in prices for agricultural commodities made the economic situation worse.


All metal was a valuable commodity and was rarely wasted.

▪ merchandise noun [uncountable] formal things that are being sold, especially in shops:

Customers are not allowed to handle the merchandise.


Sales of books, videos, and other merchandise have increased.

▪ wares noun [plural] written things that are offered for sale, especially in a market or on the street:

In the market, the traders began selling their wares.


Merchants brought their wares from all over the world.

▪ export noun [countable often plural] a product that is sent to a foreign country in order to be sold:

US exports rose to $11.935 billion.


At the moment, oil is their biggest export.

▪ import noun [countable often plural] goods that are brought from one country into another to be sold there:

The UK clothing industry cannot compete with foreign imports on price.

II. im·port 2 /ɪmˈpɔːt $ -ɔːrt/ BrE AmE verb [transitive]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ export ≠ ↑ import , ↑ exporter ≠ ↑ importer , ↑ exportation ≠ ↑ importation ; verb : ↑ export ≠ ↑ import ]

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: importare , from portare 'to carry' ]

1 . to bring a product from one country into another so that it can be sold there OPP export :

In 2001, Britain exported more cars than it imported.

import something from something

All the meat is imported from France.

2 . to introduce something new or different in a place where it did not previously exist:

The unusual designs were probably imported from Iran.

import something to/into something

The US comedy format was gradually imported to UK screens.

3 . to move information from one computer to another OPP export

import something from/into something

You can now import graphics from other applications.

—imported adjective :

imported autos

imported data

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.