lamp S3 /læmp/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[ Date: 1100-1200 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: lampe , from Latin lampas , from Greek , from lampein 'to shine' ]
1 . an object that produces light by using electricity, oil, or gas
oil/electric/fluorescent lamp ⇨ ↑ fog lamp , ↑ headlamp , ↑ hurricane lamp , ↑ safety lamp , ↑ standard lamp
2 . a piece of electrical equipment used to provide a special kind of heat, especially as a medical treatment
⇨ ↑ sunlamp , ↑ blowlamp
• • •
▪ switch/turn on a lamp
Dorothy switched on the desk lamp.
▪ switch/turn off a lamp
He switched off the lamp beside the bed.
▪ light a lamp
Elizabeth lit the lamps and started rebuilding the fire.
▪ a lamp burns
A silver lamp burned on the altar.
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + lamp
▪ a table/desk/bedside lamp
He read by the light of the bedside lamp.
▪ an oil/kerosene/paraffin lamp (=lamps that you light with a flame)
The large room was lit by a paraffin lamp on a table.
▪ a street lamp
Harry stopped under a street lamp.
▪ a hurricane lamp (=a lamp with a strong glass cover, which protects the light from the wind)
• • •
▪ light something that produces light, especially electric light, to help you to see:
She switched the kitchen light on.
The lights in the house were all off.
▪ lamp an object that produces light by using electricity, oil, or gas - often used in names of lights:
a bedside lamp
a street lamp
a desk lamp
a table lamp
an old oil lamp
a paraffin lamp
▪ lantern a lamp that you can carry, consisting of a metal container with glass sides that surrounds a flame or light:
The miners used lanterns which were lit by candles.
▪ torch British English , flashlight American English a small electric lamp that you carry in your hand:
We shone our torches around the cavern.
▪ candle a stick of wax with a string through the middle, which you burn to give light:
The restaurant was lit by candles.
▪ bulb the glass part of an electric light, that the light shines from:
a 100 watt bulb
an energy-saving light bulb