Meaning of PERMANENT in English

PERMANENT

I. per ‧ ma ‧ nent 1 S2 W2 /ˈpɜːmənənt $ ˈpɜːr-/ BrE AmE adjective

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: present participle of permanere 'to stay till the end' ]

continuing to exist for a long time or for all the time in the future OPP temporary :

He gave up a permanent job in order to freelance.

a permanent change in your eating habits

The blindness that the disease causes will be permanent.

Miller soon became a permanent fixture (=someone or something that is always there) on the team.

—permanence ( also permanency ) noun [uncountable] :

the permanence of parental love

our desire for some sense of permanence

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THESAURUS

▪ permanent continuing forever, for a very long time, or for the rest of your life:

She has permanent damage to her eyesight.

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the search for a permanent solution to the problem

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They’ve offered her the job on a permanent basis.

▪ lasting continuing for a very long time – used especially when something continues to affect someone or something for a long time:

The experience left a lasting impression on him.

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Things that happen in early childhood can have a lasting effect on your life.

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Shelley was to have a lasting influence on him.

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Is there any hope for a lasting peace in the Middle East?

▪ never-ending continuing so long that you think it will never end – used especially when something needs a lot of effort:

Keeping the house clean is a never-ending battle.

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It was a never-ending task.

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The search was never-ending.

▪ perpetual a perpetual state or feeling seems to be there all the time – used especially about something that is very annoying, worrying, or tiring:

For many working mothers, balancing the demands of children and job is a perpetual challenge.

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The people live in a perpetual state of fear.

▪ everlasting continuing forever – used especially in the following phrases:

Gold is the symbol of everlasting love.

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He promised them everlasting life.

▪ eternal continuing forever – used especially in the following phrases:

Do you believe in eternal life?

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the secret of eternal youth

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She has my eternal gratitude (=I will always be grateful to her) .

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You’re always the eternal optimist. (=you always think that good things will happen)

II. permanent 2 BrE AmE noun [countable]

American English a ↑ perm 1

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.