Meaning of PULSE in English

PULSE

I. pulse 1 /pʌls/ BrE AmE noun

[ Sense 1-4: Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: pouls , from Latin pulsus 'beating' , past participle of pellere 'to hit' ]

[ Sense 5: Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: pouls 'porridge' , from Latin puls ]

1 . HEART [countable usually singular] the regular beat that can be felt, for example at your wrist, as your heart pumps blood around your body ⇨ heartbeat :

His breathing was shallow and his pulse was weak.

take sb’s pulse (=count the beats of their pulse, usually by feeling their wrist)

check/feel somebody's pulse

The doctor listened to his breathing and checked his pulse.

find a pulse (=be able to feel a pulse, which shows that someone is alive)

I held his wrist, trying to find a pulse.

She felt his neck. There was no pulse.

pulse rate (=the number of beats that can be felt in a minute)

If your pulse rate is between 90 and 100, it is likely that you are unfit.

Her pulse raced (=beat very quickly) with excitement.

2 . MUSIC [uncountable and countable] a strong regular beat in music:

the distant pulse of a steel band

3 . SOUND/LIGHT/ELECTRICITY [countable] an amount of sound, light, or electricity that continues for a very short time

4 . FEELINGS/OPINIONS [uncountable] the ideas, feelings, or opinions that are most important to a particular group of people or have the greatest influence on them at a particular time:

Clinton had an uncanny ability to sense the pulse of the nation.

5 . FOOD pulses [plural] seeds such as beans, ↑ pea s , and ↑ lentil s that you can eat

⇨ have/keep your finger on the pulse at ↑ finger 1 (6)

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ take somebody's pulse (=count the beats of their pulse)

Remember to take your pulse at intervals while you are exercising.

▪ check/feel somebody's pulse

The nurse left the room after checking the girl's pulse.

▪ feel for a pulse (=try to find and check someone's pulse)

I felt for a pulse, but I couldn't find one.

▪ find a pulse (=be able to feel a pulse, which shows that someone is alive)

To her relief, she found a pulse.

▪ somebody's pulse beats

His pulse began to beat with a fierce rhythm.

▪ somebody's pulse races (=beats very quickly)

His long fingers brushed hers, sending her pulse racing.

▪ somebody's pulse quickens (=starts to beat faster)

He heard a footfall in the passage outside and felt his pulse quicken.

■ adjectives

▪ weak/faint

The boy's pulse was very weak.

▪ strong

He's breathing better. The pulse is stronger too.

▪ rapid/fast

Symptoms include a rapid pulse and dry skin.

▪ slow

Her pulse was slow but steady.

▪ normal

A normal pulse is between 70 and 90 beats a minute.

■ pulse + NOUN

▪ pulse rate (=how fast your pulse beats)

The doctor checked my weight and pulse rate.

▪ pulse beat

The rhythm was steady, as regular as a pulse beat.

II. pulse 2 BrE AmE verb

1 . [intransitive] to move or flow with a steady quick beat or sound:

She felt the blood pulsing through her veins.

Colored lights pulsed in time to the music.

2 . [intransitive] if a feeling or emotion pulses through someone, they feel it very strongly

pulse through

Excitement pulsed through the crowd.

3 . [intransitive and transitive] to push a button on a ↑ food processor to make the machine go on and off regularly, rather than work continuously:

Pulse several times until the mixture looks like oatmeal.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.