Meaning of SALT in English


I. salt 1 S2 W3 /sɔːlt $ sɒːlt/ BrE AmE noun

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: sealt ]

1 . [uncountable] a natural white mineral that is added to food to make it taste better or to preserve it:

This might need some salt and pepper.

a pinch of salt (=a very small amount)

Could you pass the salt?

2 . the salt of the earth someone who is ordinary but good and honest

3 . take something with a pinch/grain of salt informal to not completely believe what someone tells you, because you know that they do not always tell the truth:

Most of what he says should be taken with a pinch of salt.

4 . [countable] technical a type of chemical substance that is formed when an acid is combined with a ↑ base

⇨ ↑ Epsom salts , ↑ smelling salts , ↑ old salt , ⇨ rub salt into sb’s wounds at ↑ rub 1 (7), ⇨ worth his/her salt at ↑ worth 1 (10)

II. salt 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

1 . to add salt to food to make it taste better:

salted peanuts

2 . ( also salt down ) to add salt to food to preserve it

salted pork/meat/fish

The meat is salted to store it through the winter.

3 . to put salt on the roads to prevent them from becoming icy

salt something ↔ away phrasal verb

to save money for the future, especially dishonestly by hiding it:

She salted the money away in a secret account.

III. salt 3 BrE AmE adjective [only before noun]

1 . preserved with salt:

salt pork

2 . salt water water that contains salt, especially naturally in the sea

3 . consisting of salt water:

a salt lake

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.