Meaning of SPHERE in English


sphere AC /sfɪə $ sfɪr/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ sphere ; adjective : ↑ spherical ]

[ Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: espere , from Latin sphaera , from Greek sphaira 'ball, sphere' ]

1 . a ball shape

2 . a particular area of activity, work, knowledge etc

in the ... sphere

television’s increasing role in the political sphere

public/private sphere

Women have often been excluded from positions of power in the public sphere.

3 . sb’s/sth’s sphere of influence a person’s, country’s, organization’s etc sphere of influence is the area where they have power to change things

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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)

■ adjectives

▪ the public sphere (=public positions and activities)

Men still controlled the public sphere.

▪ the private sphere

After the war, women refused to return quietly to the private sphere.

▪ the political sphere

Unions became more active in the political sphere.

▪ the economic sphere

Will the reform programme be extended beyond the economic sphere?

▪ the domestic sphere

More women started to be trained for tasks outside the domestic sphere.

▪ the social sphere

The following chapter considers the influence of factors in the wider social sphere.

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■ types of shapes

▪ square a shape with four straight sides that are equal in length and four angles of 90 degrees

▪ circle a round shape that is like an O

▪ semicircle half a circle

▪ triangle a shape with three straight sides and three angles

▪ rectangle a shape with four straight sides and four angles of 90 degrees

▪ oval a shape like a circle, but that is longer than it is wide

▪ cylinder an object in the shape of a tube

▪ cube a solid object with six equal square sides

▪ pyramid a shape with a square base and four triangular sides that meet in a point at the top

▪ sphere a shape like a ball

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.