Meaning of SPHERE in English
sphere AC /sfɪə $ sfɪr/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[ Word Family: noun : ↑ sphere ; adjective : ↑ spherical ]
[ Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: espere , from Latin sphaera , from Greek sphaira 'ball, sphere' ]
1 . a ball shape
2 . a particular area of activity, work, knowledge etc
in the ... sphere
television’s increasing role in the political sphere
Women have often been excluded from positions of power in the public sphere.
3 . sb’s/sth’s sphere of influence a person’s, country’s, organization’s etc sphere of influence is the area where they have power to change things
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COLLOCATIONS (for Meaning 2)
▪ the public sphere (=public positions and activities)
Men still controlled the public sphere.
▪ the private sphere
After the war, women refused to return quietly to the private sphere.
▪ the political sphere
Unions became more active in the political sphere.
▪ the economic sphere
Will the reform programme be extended beyond the economic sphere?
▪ the domestic sphere
More women started to be trained for tasks outside the domestic sphere.
▪ the social sphere
The following chapter considers the influence of factors in the wider social sphere.
• • •
■ types of shapes
▪ square a shape with four straight sides that are equal in length and four angles of 90 degrees
▪ circle a round shape that is like an O
▪ semicircle half a circle
▪ triangle a shape with three straight sides and three angles
▪ rectangle a shape with four straight sides and four angles of 90 degrees
▪ oval a shape like a circle, but that is longer than it is wide
▪ cylinder an object in the shape of a tube
▪ cube a solid object with six equal square sides
▪ pyramid a shape with a square base and four triangular sides that meet in a point at the top
▪ sphere a shape like a ball
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012