Meaning of SYNTHETIC in English

syn ‧ thet ‧ ic /sɪnˈθetɪk/ BrE AmE adjective

[ Date: 1600-1700 ; Language: Greek ; Origin: synthetikos , from syntithenai ; ⇨ ↑ synthesis ]

produced by combining different artificial substances, rather than being naturally produced OPP natural :

synthetic chemicals

synthetic fibres/materials/fabrics

—synthetically /-kli/ adverb

• • •


▪ artificial not real or natural, but made to look or work like something real or natural:

artificial flowers


He was given an artificial heart.

▪ synthetic made using chemical processes rather than by natural processes:

synthetic fabrics


a synthetic version of the drug

▪ man-made made by people – used especially about geographical features and materials:

a man-made lake


man-made fibres

▪ fake made to look or seem like something else, especially in order to deceive people:

a fake passport


fake fur

▪ imitation made to look like something, but not real – used especially about guns, jewellery, and leather:

imitation firearms


imitation pearls

▪ false artificial – used especially about teeth, ↑ eyelash es , and ↑ beard s :

a set of false teeth

▪ simulated not real, but made to look, sound, or feel real, especially by means of special computers or machines:

a simulated space flight

▪ virtual made, done, seen etc on a computer, rather than in the real world:

a virtual tour of the garden

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.