Meaning of LIBRARY in English



Pronunciation: ' l ī - ˌ brer- ē , - ˌ bre-r ē ; Brit usu & US sometimes -br ə r- ē ; US sometimes -br ē , ÷- ˌ ber- ē , - ˌ be-r ē

Function: noun

Inflected Form: plural -brar · ies

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French librarie, Medieval Latin librarium, from Latin, neuter of librarius of books, from libr-, liber inner bark, rind, book

Date: 14th century

1 a : a place in which literary, musical, artistic, or reference materials (as books, manuscripts, recordings, or films) are kept for use but not for sale b : a collection of such materials

2 a : a collection resembling or suggesting a library <a library of computer programs> <wine library > b : MORGUE 2

3 a : a series of related books issued by a publisher b : a collection of publications on the same subject

4 : a collection of cloned DNA fragments that are maintained in a suitable cellular environment and that usually represent the genetic material of a particular organism or tissue

usage While the pronunciation \ ' l ī - ˌ brer- ē \ is the most frequent variant in the U.S., the other variants are not uncommon. The contraction \ ' l ī -br ē \ and the dissimilated form \ ' l ī - ˌ ber- ē \ result from the relative difficulty of repeating \ r \ in the same syllable or successive syllables; our files contain citations for these variants from educated speakers, including college presidents and professors, as well as with somewhat greater frequency from less educated speakers.

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.